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Banda Aceh is the provincial capital and largest city of Acehmarker, Indonesiamarker, located on the island of Sumatramarker, with an elevation of 21 meters. The population was approximately 260,000 in 2006 . Banda Aceh is located at the northwestern tip of Indonesia.

The city was originally named Kutaraja, and determined as the provincial capital in 1956.Kuta Raja means "City of the King", in reference to the founding of the Aceh Sultanate from Champa origins. Later its name was changed to Banda Aceh, with the first part of the name coming from the Persian bandar (بندر) meaning "port" or "haven". It is also proudly referred to as the "port to Meccah", as Islam first arrived in Aceh before spreading throughout Southeast Asia.

Until December 26 2004, Banda Aceh was not frequently the subject of international discussion. On that day the Indian Ocean earthquakemarker struck off the western coast of Sumatra. Banda Aceh was the closest major city to the earthquake's epicenter, and suffered further damage when a tsunami struck shortly afterwards. It was the worst hit area out of all the locations hit. 130,000 people died and many more were injured. The tsunamis resulted from an earthquake of magnitude 9.3 and struck at about 6:58am. The epicenter was about 155 miles off the coast of Banda Aceh.

The elected mayor and vice-mayor of Banda Aceh are Mawardi Nurdin and Illiza Saaduddin.

Transportation

Sultan Iskandarmuda Airportmarker is located in the city of Aceh.

Landmarks

Baiturrahman Grand Mosque

This is one of the most famous landmarks in the city. It was rebuilt in 1875 after it was burnt down in the Aceh war.



References

  1. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/indonesia/banda-aceh.htm




External links




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