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Banda Sea: Map


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Location of the Banda Sea within Southeast Asia
The Banda Sea is the sea of the South Moluccas in Indonesiamarker, technically part of the Pacific Oceanmarker but separated from it by hundreds of islands, as well as the Halmaheramarker and Ceram Seasmarker. It is about 1000 km (600 mi) east to west, and about 500 km (300 mi) north to south.


Islands bordering the Banda Sea include Sulawesimarker to the west, Burumarker, Ambon Islandmarker, Cerammarker, Aru Islandsmarker, Tanimbar Islandsmarker, Barat Daya Islands, and Timormarker. Although the borders of the sea are hazardous to navigation, with many small rocky islands, the middle of the sea is relatively open. Island groups within the sea include the Banda Islandsmarker.

Plate Tectonic activities in Banda Sea

The Banda Sea occupies the main portion of the Banda Sea Plate. The southern margin of the sea consists of island arcs above subduction zones. To the east of the Sunda Trenchmarker is the Timor Trough which lies south of Timormarker, the Tanimbar Trough south of the Tanimbar Islandsmarker and the Aru Trough east of the Aru Islandsmarker. These trenches are the subduction zone of the Indo-Australian plate beneath the Banda Sea Plate, where the Indo-Australian Plate moves nothwards. Fore-arc sediments progressively carried northwards by the Indo-Australian Plate have been folded and faulted forming Timor island. To the northeast lies Seram Islandmarker which overlies the subduction of the Bird's Head Plate of West Irianmarker.


Earthquakes are very frequent in the area, due to the confluence of three tectonic plates - Eurasian, Pacific and Indo-Australian plates.

See also


Further reading

  • Ponder, H. W. (1944) In Javanese waters; some sidelights on a few of the countless lovely, little known islands scattered over the Banda sea & some glimpses of their strange & stormy history London, Seeley, Service & Co. ltd.
  • Patrick D. Nunn(1994) Oceanic Islands Oxford, Great Britain, Blackwell

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