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Baranagar (Bengali বরানগর) or Barahanagar, meaning the big (Bara or Burra) and town or land (nagar) of the pig (baraha), is a town in the northern outskirts of Kolkatamarker. It is a municipality in North 24 Parganas districtmarker in the state of West Bengalmarker, Indiamarker. A railway station of the same name is on the Dankunimarker line off the Sealdahmarker north section. It has the famous gun shell factory of the Indian Ministry of Defence, and an important jute mill on the banks of Hooghly rivermarker. It is a major industrial center for the manufacture of agricultural and industrial machinery, chemicals, castor oil, and matches; there are also numerous cotton-processing companies.


The Dutch mynheers had homes here in the seventeen century. Streynsham Master who visited the area in 1676 spoke of the hog factory where about 3,000 hogs a year were slaughtered and salted for export. Later it became the centre for the extensive jute trade, manufacturing gunny bags. A major road parallel to the river Hooghly connects Baranagar bazaar with Dakshineswar. In between temples such as Kaancher Mandir (which is made of glass), Joy Mitra Kali Bari, and Pathbari are located.


Baranagar is located at . It has an average elevation of 12 metres (39 feet).It is situated east of the Hooghly River. Baranagar Municipal Area lies between Sinthee More and Dunlop.


 India census, Baranagar had a population of 250,615. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Baranagar has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 55% of the males and 45% of females literate. 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.


In Baranagar stands the headquarters of the Indian Statistical Institute. Among the major educational institutes of Baranagar, are Bramhananda Keshabchandra College, Bonhoogly College of Commerce (currently known as Prasanta Chandra Mahalanabis Mahavidyalaya, named after world recognised statistician Prof. P.C.Mahalanabis - the founder of Indian Statistical Institute), Baranagar Vidyamandir for Boys (H.S), Baranagar Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama Primary and High School, Baranagar Narendra Nath Vidyamandir (started by Captain Narendra Nath Dutta), Rajkumari Memorial Girls' School, Maa Sarada Vidyamandir For Girls', Netaji High School, Rameswar H.S. School, etc.


Baranagar has a Kali temple at Dakshineswarmarker, the Rashmoni Mandir named after its founder Rani Rashmoni. The temple is a heritage building. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa was the priest and Swami Vivekananda visited this place in his youth. Baranagar Math near Pramanick ghat is the place where Swami Vivekananda and a few other disciples of Sri Ramakrishna Dev started their spiritual journey that culminated in forming the monastic order later located at Belur Mathmarker. Udyan Baati, also called Cossipore Math, is another significant destination for the followers of Sri Ramakrishna, where he became the Kalpataru on 1 January, 1886. Other places worth visiting are Jay Mitra Kalibari, Pramanick Kalibari, and Kouleswar Mandir. Pathbari Mandir is a place where Gouranga, the great religious leader, set his foot on his way to Puri nearly four hundred years ago.


Current MLA from Baranagar assembly constituency is Amar Chowdhury of the RSP, who won the seat in the State elections of 2006 and also in 2001 and 1996. Matish Roy of the RSP was MLA from this seat in 1991, 1987, 1982, and in 1977.

Baranagar assembly constituency is part of Dum Dum .


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