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Dame Barbara Hepworth DBE (10 January 1903 – 20 May 1975, christened Jocelyn Barbara Hepworth) was a major Britishmarker sculptor and artist of the twentieth century. She was a contemporary and friend of Henry Moore.

Life and work

Hepworth was born in Wakefieldmarker, West Yorkshire, attended Wakefield Girls High Schoolmarker, and won a scholarship and studied at the Leeds School of Artmarker from 1920 (where she met Moore). She then won a County scholarship to the Royal College of Artmarker and studied there from 1921 until she was awarded the diploma of the Royal College of Art in 1924. She later studied for a period in Italymarker.

Barbara Hepworth is one of the most significant sculptors and artists of the 20th century. Her work exemplifies Modernism and along with her contemporaries in England such as Ivon Hitchens, Henry Moore, Ben Nicholson, Naum Gabo and others she helped to develop modern art (sculpture in particular) immeasurably.

One of her most prestigious works is Single Form, in memory of her friend and collector of her works Dag Hammarskjöld, at the United Nations building in New York Citymarker. It was commissioned in 1961 by the Jacob and Hilda Blaustein Foundation following Hammarskjöld's death in a plane crash.

Hepworth's first marriage was to the sculptor John Skeaping, with whom she had a son, Paul, in 1929. Her second marriage was to the painter Ben Nicholson. They married on 17 November 1938 at Hampstead Register Office. The couple had triplets in 1934, Simon, Rachel and Sarah; Simon also became an artist. The couple divorced in 1951. Her eldest son, Paul, was killed on 13 February 1953 in a plane crash while serving with the Royal Air Force in Thailand; Hepworth created a memorial to him, entitled Madonna and Child, in the church in St Ives.

She was made a Dame in 1965, ten years before her death during a fire in her St Ivesmarker studio in Cornwallmarker, aged seventy-two. The studio and her home now form the Barbara Hepworth Museummarker.

As well as at the Barbara Hepworth Museum, more of Hepworth's work will be on display at The Hepworth Wakefield a museum currently under construction in Wakefield. An opening in 2010 is anticipated.

Her work may also be seen at St. Catherine's College, Oxfordmarker, the School of Music at Cardiff University, the Yorkshire Sculpture Parkmarker in West Brettonmarker, West Yorkshire; Clare Collegemarker, Churchill Collegemarker and Murray Edwards College marker, Cambridgemarker; Snape Maltingsmarker, Snape, Suffolk; and on view in or attached to the John Lewis department store, part of the John Lewis Partnership, in Oxford Streetmarker (see picture); and Kenwood Housemarker, both in Londonmarker. Her 1966 work "Construction (Crucifixion): Homage to Mondrian" can be seen in the grounds of Winchester Cathedralmarker next to the The Pilgrims' Schoolmarker: Hieroglyph can be seen at Leeds Art Gallerymarker. The Tate Gallerymarker owns many of her works. In The Netherlands, the Kroller-Mueller museum also owns several of her sculptures. "Curved Form (Trevalgan)" (1956) which stood in Margaret Gardiner's rear garden in Hampsteadmarker is now at the Pier Art Gallerymarker in Stromnessmarker together with 67 other works donated by Gardiner. Trevalgan was Hepworth's first entire bronze form.

Portrait Sculpture

Marble heads dating from London, c. 1927 of Barbara Hepworth by John Skeaping, and of Skeaping by Hepworth are documented by photograph in the Skeaping Retrospective catalogue but are both believed lost.

Gallery

Image:Barbara Hepworth monolyth empyrean.jpg|Monolith-Empyrean, 1953Image:Sphere_With_Inner_Form.jpg|Sphere with Inner Form (1963) at Trewyn Garden, St Ives, Cornwallmarker.Image:Churchill College, Hepworth.jpg|Four Square Walk through, 1966Image:Construction Crucifixion Homage to Mondrian.jpg|Construction (Crucifixion): Homage to Mondrian, outside Winchester CathedralmarkerImage:Construction Crucifixion Homage to Mondrian Explanation.jpg|Explanation of Construction (Crucifixion): Homage to MondrianImage:Statz_Statue.jpg|"Achaean" ca. 1963, at St. Catherine's College, Oxfordmarker

Image:DSCN1791DualFormStIves.jpg|Dual Form at St Ives Guildhall

List of selected works

                 | Oval Form (Trezion)            || bronze
1928 Doves Parian marble
1932-33 Seated Figure lignum vitae
1933 Two Forms alabaster and limestone
1934 Mother and Child Cumberlandmarker alabaster
1935 Three Forms Seravezzamarker marble
1936 Ball Plane and Hole lignum vitae, mahogany and oak
1940 Sculpture with Colour (Deep Blue and Red) mixed
1943 Oval Sculpture cast material
1943-44 Wave wood, paint and string
1944 Landscape Sculpture wood (cast in bronze, 1961)
1946 Pelagos wood, paint and string
                 |-
                 | Tides                          || wood and paint
1947 Blue and green (arthroplasty) 31 December 1947 oil and pencil on pressed paperboard
1949 Operation: Case for Discussion oil and pencil on pressed paperboard
1951 Group I (Concourse) February 4 1951 Serravezza marble
1953 Hieroglyph Ancaster stone
1954-55 Two Figures teak and paint
1955 Oval Sculpture (Delos) scented guarea wood and paint
1955-56 Coré bronze
1956 Curved Form (Trevalgan) bronze (see external link)
1956 Orpheus (Maquette), Version II brass and cotton string
                 |-
                 | Stringed Figure (Curlew), Version II || brass and cotton string
1958 Cantate Domino bronze
                 |-
                 | Sea Form (Porthmeor) || bronze
1960 Figure for a Landscape bronze
                 |-
                 | Archaeon                       || bronze
1962-63 Bronze Form (Patmosmarker) bronze
1964 Rock Form (Porthcurnomarker) bronze
                 |-
                 | Sea Form (Atlantic)            || bronze
1966 Figure in a Landscape bronze on wooden base
                 |-
                 | Four-Square Walk Through       || bronze
1968 Two Figures bronze and gold
1970 Family of Man bronze
1971 The Aegean Suite series of prints
                 |-
                 |  Summer Dance                  || painted bronze
1972 Minoan Head marble on wooden base
                 |- valign=top
                 | Assembly of Sea Forms          || white marble
mounted on stainless steel base
1973? Conversation with Magic Stones bronze and silver


References

  1. http://www.robertsandelson.com/bk/barbarahepworth_bio.html
  2. http://www.cornwall.gov.uk/index.cfm?articleid=29038
  3. http://www.barbarahepworth.org.uk/commissions/list/single-form.html
  4. http://www.hh-h.com/biographies/BarbaraHepworth-biog.htm
  5. http://www.barbarahepworth.org.uk/sculptures/1954/madonna-and-child/
  6. http://www.leninimports.com/barbara_hepworth.html
  7. http://www.hepworthwakefield.com/
  8. http://www.barbarahepworth.org.uk/
  9. http://www.barbarahepworth.org.uk/sculptures/1959/figure-archaean/
  10. http://www.barbarahepworth.org.uk/sculptures/1968/three-obliques-walkin/
  11. http://www.barbarahepworth.org.uk/sculptures/1969/two-forms-divided-circle/
  12. http://www.barbarahepworth.org.uk/sculptures/1966/foursquare-walk-through/
  13. http://www.newhall.cam.ac.uk/admissions/undergraduate/subjects/arthistory/
  14. http://www.barbarahepworth.org.uk/commissions/list/winged-figure.html
  15. http://www.barbarahepworth.org.uk/sculptures/1966/construction-crucifixion/
  16. http://www.leedsartgallery.co.uk/
  17. John Skeaping 1901-80: A Retrospective, exh. cat., Arthur Ackermann and Son, London, 1991 p.7


External links




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