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Audley End House, the seat of
the Barons Braybrooke
Lord Braybrooke, Baron of Braybrookemarker, in the County of Northampton, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1788 for John Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, with remainder to his kinsman Richard Neville-Aldworth. Lord Howard de Walden was the son of William Whitwell and Anne Griffin, daughter of James Griffin, 2nd Baron Griffin of Braybrooke, who was the son of Edward Griffin, 1st Baron Griffin of Braybrooke, and his wife Lady Essex Howard, eldest daughter of James Howard, 3rd Earl of Suffolk and 3rd Baron Howard de Walden. In 1749 Whitwell assumed the surname of Griffin, and the same year he was elected to Parliament for Andover, a seat he held until 1784. The latter year the barony of Howard de Walden, which had been in abeyance since the death of his great-great-grandfather the third Earl of Suffolk in 1689, was called out of abeyance in favour of him, and he was summoned to the House of Lordsmarker as the fourth Baron Howard de Walden. Moreover, the barony of Griffin of Braybrooke held by his maternal ancestors had become extinct on the death of his uncle, the third Baron, in 1743. In 1788 the Braybrooke title was revived when Griffin was created Baron Braybrooke.

On Lord Braybrooke and Howard de Walden's death in 1797, the barony of Howard de Walden again fell into abeyance (it was called out of abeyance in 1799; see the Baron Howard de Walden). He was succeeded in the barony of Braybrooke according to the special remainder by his kinsman Richard Neville-Aldworth, the second Baron. He also inherited the family seat of Audley Endmarker in Essex, to add to his own at Billingbear Parkmarker in Berkshire. The same year he succeeded in the barony, Neville-Aldworth assumed by Royal license the surname of Griffin. He had previously represented Grampoundmarker, Buckinghammarker and Reading in Parliament and later served as Lord Lieutenant of Essex. Lord Braybrooke was the husband of Catherine Grenville, daughter of the former Prime Minister George Grenville.

Their eldest son, the third Baron, sat in the House of Commonsmarker as a representative for Thirsk, Saltash, Buckinghammarker and Berkshire. As of 2009 the title is held by the latter's great-great-grandson, the tenth Baron, who succeeded his father in 1990. He notably served as Lord Lieutenant of Essex from 1992 to 2002. Lord Braybrooke has seven daughters (and one deceased daughter) but no sons. Consequently, the heir presumptive to the peerage is his fourth cousin George Neville (b. 1943). He is a great-great-grandson of the Very Reverend Hon. George Neville-Grenville, third son of the second Baron.

The family seat of Billingbear House burnt down in 1924. Audley Endmarker was sold to the Ministry of Works in 1948 and later came into the care of the English Heritage. However, it is still the home of the Baron Braybrooke and his family. Lord Braybrooke is the Hereditary Visitor of Magdalene College, Cambridgemarker.

Barons Braybrooke (1788)

See also


  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.

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