"baraque," taken from the Catalan
word "barraca") are living quarters for
personnel on a military
post. They are
typically very plain and all of the buildings in the housing unit
are often uniform structures.
a number of remains of Roman army
barracks in frontier forts such as Vercovicium and Vindolanda.
From these and from contemporary Roman
sources we can see that the basics of life in a military camp
have remained constant for
thousands of years.
Ravensdowne Barracks Berwick Upon
, were among the first in England to be purpose-built,
begun in 1717 to the design of the distinguished architect Nicholas Hawksmoor
. Today the Barracks
hosts a number of attractions, including ‘By Beat of Drum’ – an
exhibition on the life of the British infantryman, as well as being
home to the King's Own
Barracks blockhouses were used to house troops in forts in Upper
Canada. The Stone
Frigate, completed in 1820, served as barracks briefly in
1837-38, and was refitted as a dormitory
and classrooms to house the Royal Military
College of Canada by 1876.
The Stone frigate is a large stone
building originally designed to hold gear and rigging from British
warships dismantled to comply with the Rush-Bagot Agreement
In many militaries, NCO
enlisted personnel will frequently be housed in barracks for
service or training. Junior enlisted and sometimes junior NCOs will
often receive less space and may be housed in bays, while senior
NCOs and officers may share or have their own room. "Garrison
town" is a common expression for any town
that has military barracks, i.e., a permanent military
U.S. Armed Forces
In basic training, and sometimes follow-on training, servicemembers
live in barracks. The U.S.
basic training units. The U.S. Army
has gender-separate basic training, but like
the United States Coast
, U.S. Air Force
, has training where male and female
recruits share barracks, but are separated during personal time and
lights out. However, all the services integrate male and female
members following boot camp and first assignment.
After training, unmarried junior enlisted members will typically
reside in barracks. In the 21st
century, these servicemembers are generally housed in
individual rooms conforming to the DoD's "1+1 standard," though exceptions still
During unaccompanied, dependent-restricted
assignmments, noncommissioned and commissioned officer ranks may
also be required to live in barracks. Amenities in these barracks
increase with the rank of the occupant.
Unlike the other services, the U.S.
officially uses the term
refer to its unaccompanied housing.
During World War II
, many U.S. barracks
were made of inexpensive, sturdy and easy to assemble Quonset huts
that resembled Native American long house
semi-circular but made out of metal).
- Berwick Upon Tweed Barracks - English