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The "Barrier Treaties" were the names of three agreements signed and ratified during the War of Spanish Succession.

First

The first Barrier Treaty (also known as the Treaty of Den Haag or the Treaty of The Hague) was signed on October 29, 1709 between Great Britainmarker and the states-general of the United Provinces. By the terms of the treaty, the United Provinces engaged to guarantee the Protestant succession in Englandmarker in favor of the House of Hanover, while Great Britain undertook to procure for the Dutch an adequate barrier on the side of the Netherlandsmarker, consisting of the towns of Veurnemarker, Nieuwpoortmarker, Ypresmarker, Menenmarker, Lillemarker, Tournaimarker, Condé, Valenciennesmarker, Maubeugemarker, Charleroimarker, Namurmarker, Hallemarker, Dammemarker, Dendermondemarker and the citadel of Ghentmarker. The treaty was based on the same principle of securing Hollandmarker against Frenchmarker aggression that had inspired that of Treaty of Ryswick in 1698, by the terms of which the chief frontier fortresses of the Netherlands were to be garrisoned by Dutch troops.

Second

The second Barrier Treaty was signed between Great Britain and Holland on January 29, 1713, by which the strong places designed for the barrier were reduced to Veurne, the fort of Knokkemarker, Ypres, Menen, Tournai, Monsmarker, Charleroi and the citadel of Ghent, and certain fortresses in the neighborhood of that city and of Brugesmarker; Great Britain undertaking to obtain the right for the Dutch to garrison them from the future sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands. Its terms were included in the Treaty of Rastatt, between the emperor and France, signed on the March 7, 1714.

Third

The third Barrier Treaty (also known as the Treaty of Antwerp) was signed on November 15, 1715. Based on the terms of the accord, Frederick William I of Prussia ceded to the United Provinces several cities in the upper regions of Guelders.

References

  1. Myers, p. 799. By the first barrier treaty of The Hague of October 29, 1709, Great Britain promised to cede to the States General the upper portion of Guelder with the right of garrison in the forts of Liége and Huy and the city of Bonn.
  2. Myers, p. 799. By Article XVIII of the third barrier treaty of Antwerp of November 15, 1715, the Emperor ceded to the States General in full sovereignty and ownership several cities in the upper portion of Guelder, this not seeming to affect the previous treaty engagements except in point of neighbors and political influence.


See also



Sources

  • Myers, Denys P. "Violation of Treaties: Bad Faith, Nonexecution and Disregard." The American Journal of International Law Vol. 11, No. 4 (October 1917), pp. 794-819.



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