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Baseball at the Summer Olympics had its unofficial debut at the 1900 Summer Games and its official sport at the 1992 Summer Olympics. Baseball has a long history as an exhibition/demonstration sport in the Olympics. However, for 1992 Barcelona the International Olympic Committeemarker (IOC) granted the sport medal status. Olympic baseball is governed by the International Baseball Federation (IBAF).

At the IOC meeting in July 7, 2005, baseball and softball were voted out of the 2012 Summer Olympics in Londonmarker, Englandmarker, becoming the first sport voted out of the Olympics since polo was eliminated from the 1936 Olympics. The event was last played in the 2008 Olympics in Beijing with South Korea taking the gold. The elimination will excise 16 teams and more than 300 athletes from the 2012 Olympics. The two slots left available by the IOCmarker's elimination were not filled by new sports, so both baseball and softball can reemerge as events in the 2016 Olympics, provided no new sports are added to the games and both receive enough votes to be included. This decision was reaffirmed on February 9, 2006.

History

Although little was recorded, Olympic baseball first appeared in 1904 St. Louis. Eight years later in 1912 Stockholm, a United Statesmarker team played against host Swedenmarker, winning 13-3. In 1936 Berlin, two United States teams played each other. The 1952 Helsinki event was a modified form of the sport, Finnish baseball, played by two Finnishmarker teams. Australia played a one-game exhibition against the United States in 1956 Melbourne and Japanmarker did the same in 1964 Tokyo. With a crowd of nearly 114,000 spectators, this game at the Melbourne Cricket Groundmarker held the record for the highest attended baseball game ever until a 2008 American exhibition game in Los Angeles.

After a twenty-year hiatus, Olympic baseball (labeled an exhibition sport/event by the IOC) returned but with tournament formatting (1984 Los Angeles). In 1988 Seoul, it was termed a demonstration sport. Japan defeated the United States in the inaugural tournament finale in 1984. However, in 1988, the United States won over Japan.

Baseball became an official sport at the 1992 Summer Olympics, with the familiar eight team tournament. Players were required to be amateurs. The tournament consisted of a round-robin, in which teams played each of the other teams, followed by semifinals and finals. The format of the competition remained the same after that, with the only major change being that starting in 2000 players were not required to be amateurs.

Medalists

1992 Barcelona
1996 Atlanta
2000 Sydney
2004 Athens
2008 Beijing


Medal table

1 3 2 0 5
2 1 0 2 3
3 1 0 1 2
4 0 1 2 3
5 0 1 0 1
0 1 0 1


Qualification

The host nation was always guaranteed a place in the Olympic baseball tournament. The other seven places were generally determined by continental qualifying tournaments. For the 2008 Games, the Americas received two places, Europe received one place, and Asia received one place.

The final three places were given to the top three nations at an eight-team tournament held after the continental tournaments. Qualification for this tournament was determined by those continental tournaments. The third and fourth place American teams, second and third place European teams, second and third place Asian teams, first place African team, and first place Oceania team competed in that tournament. [139837]

This qualification tournament was new for 2008. It was created after heavy criticism of the previous qualification standard. In previous Olympics, only two teams from the Americas were able to qualify for the Olympics, despite the fact that the vast majority of the top baseball-playing nations in the world came from this region. Europe, whose baseball nations were substantially weaker, also entered two teams.

Competition

Olympic baseball was nearly identical to most professional baseball. Aluminum bats were disallowed after 1996 Atlanta. There was also a mercy rule that was invoked if a team was winning by 10 or more runs after 7 innings (or 6.5 innings if the home team was leading). For Sydney 2000, rosters were expanded to 24 players.

The tournament consisted of a round-robin preliminary round in which each team played all 7 of the other teams. Only the top four teams advanced to the medals round. In that round, semifinals were played between the 1st/4th place teams and the 2nd/3rd place teams. The semifinal losers then played a bronze medal game, with the winner earning the medal and the loser receiving 4th place. The semifinal winners played in the final, which awarded the winner a gold medal and the loser a silver medal.

Elimination as Olympic sport

Speculation over reasons for removal of baseball and softball from the Olympic games include, but may not be limited to:

  • IOC anger at American Major League Baseball "for refusing to suspend the season and allow Major League Baseball players to participate in the Olympics"




  • The "domination of American women in softball"


  • "A lack of fan support"


  • The way Major League Baseball tests and punishes its players for drugs


  • The unpredictable length of baseball games


  • A pro-Europe bias of the IOC


  • An anti-American bias of the IOC


Participating nations

The following 16 nations took part in the baseball competition one or more times. The numbers in the table refer to the final rank of each team in each tournament.

Nation 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 Years
  7 6 2   3
      4 6 2
        8 1
1 1 2 1 2 5
6         1
      7   1
7 6 7 8   4
3 2 4 3 4 5
  8 3   1 3
  5 5 6 7 4
  4       1
5         1
    8     1
8         1
2     5 5 3
4 3 1   3 4
Total Nations 8 8 8 8 8


References

  1. "Strike 3 for Olympic Baseball: No Baseball or Softball at 2012 London Games; MLB's Fault?" CBS News online. 9 February 2006. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  2. "From a political point of view, it seemed that baseball was being punished for the way it drug tested athletes and punished offenders. From a competition point of view, there was frustration that Major League Baseball refused to pause its season and release its best players to represent their countries." David Lengel. "Baseball and softball deserve to remain Olympic sports." Sportblog. The Guardian. 14 August 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  3. "Rogge has basically conspired against the sports to get them removed." "They'rrre out! Olympics drop baseball, softball" NBC Sports. 9 July 2005. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  4. KC Allen. "Baseball, Softball Cancelled for 2012 Olympics." Bleacher Report. 14 August 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  5. "The IOC has used baseball's unpredictable length as one argument against its includsion as an Olympic sport." Dan Steinberg "Beijing Sports Smog." WashingtonPost.com 14 August 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  6. Mark Zuckerman. "On Baseball: No crying over Olympic baseball." The Washington Times. 12 August 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  7. "[The IOC decision] deals with anti-American sentiment." Carrie Johnson. "Coach critiques Olympic committee." The Oracle. 17 July 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2008.


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