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There is a similarly named Cathedral of Our Lady of Peacemarker in Honolulumarker.


The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro ( ) is a Roman Catholic minor basilica dedicated to Our Lady of Peace in Yamoussoukromarker, the administrative capital of Côte d'Ivoiremarker (Ivory Coast). The basilica was constructed between 1985 and 1989 at a cost of $300 million. The design of the dome and encircled plaza are clearly inspired by those of the Basilica of Saint Petermarker in the Vatican Citymarker, although it is not an outright replica. The cornerstone was laid on August 10, 1985, and it was consecrated on September 10, 1990, by Pope John Paul II.

Contrary to popular belief, this particular basilica is not a cathedral. The nearby Cathedral of Saint Augustine is the principal place of worship and seat of the bishop of the Diocese of Yamoussoukro.

Guinness World Records lists it as the largest church in the world, having surpassed the previous recordholder, St. Peter's Basilicamarker, upon completion. It has an area of 30,000sq metres (322,917 sq ft) and is 158m (518ft) high. However, it also includes a rectory and a villa (counted in the overall area), which are not strictly part of the church, and it can accommodate 18,000 worshippers, compared to 60,000 for St. Peter's.

The Basilica is administrated by Polish Pallottines.

Architecture

The structure was criticized due to the comparison between the lavish building and the impoverished surroundings.
While designing it after the Vatican Basilica, Lebanese architect Pierre Fakhoury constructed the dome to be slightly lower than the Basilica of Saint Peter, but ornamented with a larger cross on top. The finished height is 158 meters (518 feet). The basilica is constructed with marble imported from Italymarker and is furnished with 7,000 square meters of contemporary stained glass from Francemarker. Columns are plentiful throughout the basilica but are not uniform in style; the smaller columns are there for structural reasons, while the bigger ones are decoration and contain elevators, rainwater evacuation from the roof etc. There is enough space to seat 7,000 people in the nave, with standing room for an additional 11,000 people. Apart from the basilica are two identical buildings each serving as rectory and private papal villa, respectively. The villa is reserved for papal visits, of which only one has occurred: when the basilica was consecrated.

The basilica was met with some controversy globally when construction began. The lavishly built basilica sits in the middle of the African bush in an impoverished city where only a minority of homes have running water and adequate sanitation. The cost of the basilica doubled the national debt of Côte d'Ivoire , but many of the country's Roman Catholics are proud of the church.

Artistically, the basilica was also criticized by many art historians and critics, for being a modern pastiche of a western Renaissance masterpiece, and for not having any relation with modern styles of architecture or African culture.

Construction

The Basilica was built by Dumez, the Frenchmarker construction company.

Memorial

Côte d'Ivoire President Félix Houphouët-Boigny chose his birthplace of Yamoussoukro to be the future site of the new capital city of his country in 1983. As part of the plan of the city, the president wanted to memorialize himself with the construction of what he called the greatest church in the world. As construction was nearly completed, the president commissioned a stained glass window of his image to be placed beside a gallery of stained glass of Jesus and the apostles. This image of Félix Houphouët-Boigny depicts him as one of the three Biblical Magi, kneeling as he offers a gift to Jesus.

See also



Notes

  1. Church Guide
  2. Vinci website: Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro


Further reading



External links




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