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Bastia (French & Corsican: Bastia), is a commune in the Haute-Corsemarker department of Francemarker on the island of Corsicamarker. It is also a city and the capital of the department. Bastia is also an important Corsican port and is famous for its wines.

Geography

Situated in the northeast of Corsicamarker, at the base of Cap Corsemarker, Bastia is the principal port of the island and its principal commercial town. The average annual temperature is about 15.3 °C, and there are usually five days of freezing weather per year. The wind in Bastia is frequent and violent, and the annual rainfall is copious (more than 700 mm). However, there are about 340 days of sunshine per year.

History

Church St Jean Baptiste in Bastia.
Before the occupation of Corsica by the Genoesemarker, Cardo was a large city. Around the city were little villages where the fishermen of Cardo lived. This little port was called Porto Cardo, which means "the port of Cardo."

The Genoese felt the need for shelter from the sea storms and began to construct, in the time of governor Leonello Lomellini, in 1380, a bastiglia, also known as a stronghold or citadel.

With time, the bastiglia (Bastia) became more prosperous and important than Cardo. Bastia was the capital of Corsica until 1791.

In 1794, during a war with Revolutionary France, British troops under Admiral Nelson and Lieutenant-General David Dundas captured Bastia.

Economy

The census of 1999 gives the figure of 39,016 inhabitants, an increase of .01% since 1990. Ten percent of the population consists of foreigners. The unemployment rate is very high, 20% in 2004.

Monuments and places of interest

  • The Museum of Corsica


Miscellaneous

Famous people

Bastia was the birthplace of:

Sister city

Bastia's sister city is Erdingmarker, Bavariamarker, Germanymarker.

See also



External links




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