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Bataan as seen from Manila Bay.


Bataan is a province of the Philippinesmarker occupying the whole of Bataan Peninsula on Luzonmarker. The province is part of the Central Luzon region. The capital of Bataan is Balanga Citymarker and is bordered by the provinces of Zambalesmarker and Pampangamarker to the north. The peninsula faces South China Seamarker to the west and Subic Baymarker to the north-west, and encloses Manila Baymarker to the east.

The Battle of Bataan is famous in history as one of the last stands of Americanmarker and Filipino soldiers before they were overwhelmed by the Japanesemarker forces in World War II. The Bataan Death March was named for this province, where the infamous march started. This is also a location of Bataan Nuclear Power Plant located in Municipality of Morongmarker .

Geography

Political

Bataan is politically subdivided into 11 municipalities and 1 component city.

City



Municipalities



Physical

The Bataan Peninsulamarker is a rocky extension of the Zambales Mountainsmarker, on Luzonmarker in the Philippinesmarker. It separates the Manila Baymarker from the South China Seamarker. The peninsula features Mount Natibmarker (1,253 m) in the north and the Mariveles Mountainsmarker in the south, which includes Mount Samatmarker, the location of the historical marker for the Bataan Death March.

Mariveles, at the southern tip, can be reached through jet ferry plying the Mariveles-to-Manila route that has an approximate travel time of 40 minutes.

History

Early history

In 1574, Limahong, a Chinese pirate used Bataan as the launching point for his attempt to conquer Luzonmarker, which was unsuccessful. In 1647, Dutchmarker naval forces landed in country in an attempt to seize the islands from Spainmarker. The Dutch massacred the people of Abucaymarker in Bataan.

The province of Bataan was established in 1754 by Governor-General Pedro Manuel Arandia out of territories belonging to Pampangamarker and the corregimiento of Marivelesmarker which, at the time, included Maragondon, Cavitemarker across the Manila Baymarker.

World War II

March 1942: General view showing houses burning as the result of Japanese bombing raid in Bataan, the Philippine Islands.
featured prominently during World War II. Prior to the 1941 Japanesemarker invasion, the US Army stored nearly 1,000,000 US gallons (3,800 m³) of gasoline here.

Shortly after the Japanese Army invaded the country in December 1941, the combined US and Filipino forces were being gradually overrun and General Douglas MacArthur moved his troops to the Bataan Peninsular in an attempt to hold out until a relief force could be sent from the US. Japanese forces started a siege of the peninsula on January 7, 1942, and launched an all-out assault on April 3. The majority of the American and Filipino forces surrendered on April 9 and were forced to march more than a hundred kilometers from Bataan to Tarlacmarker, which became known as the Bataan Death March.

Tourist attractions

Historical places
  • First Abucay Catholic Church (The 411-year old Church)
  • Mount Samatmarker - Shrine of Valor (Pilar, Bataan)
  • Zero Kilometre Death March Marker (Mariveles)


Natural-made places of interest
  • Dunsulan Falls
  • Pasukulan Falls (Abucay, Bataan)
  • Sibul Spring (Abucay, Bataan)
Balong Anito (mariveles, bataan)

Resorts



People and culture

Famous people in Bataan

  • Tomas Pinpin (Abucay) - the "Prince of Filipino Printers" or the "Patriarch of Filipino Printing." He learned the art of printing about the end of 1608 in the Dominican-owned printing press in Abucay. In Abucay, Father Blancas employed in 1609 young Pinpin as an apprentice at the printing shop and taught him the art of printing. Later, the main elementary school in Abucay was named after him, Tomas Pinpin Memorial Elementary School. His statue can be found in the quadrangle of this elementary school.
  • Kerby Raymundo (Orion) - PBA multi-awarded player, power forward, member of the Purefoods Tender Juicy Giants and the Philippines national basketball team.
  • Romi Garduce (Balanga) - mountain climber who reached Mount Everestmarker.
  • Mel Tiangco (Pilar) - popular television newscaster and television host; head of GMA Kapuso foundation.
  • [Glenn Bautista][34328] - Multi-awarded visual artist from Orion, Bataan. About his art: "In time, it became clear that Glenn's art is not one for the academically conservative and tradition-bound. Rather, it extends an invitation to the adventurous, being avant-garde in a quite inconspicuous way. More so, it has made a lasting mark on figurative art in the country today for it has opened numerous options. It has also engaged in the lively, exciting and highly original synthesis. Bautista, at present, devotes much of his time giving free art lessons to children and adults in Paranaque City. Glenn was a nominee for the prestigious 2005 National Artist Award of the Philippines in the field of Visual Arts as a result of recommendations received from some civic and religious organizations where he has been involved with who are appreciative of his works and efforts." (Alice G. Guillermo)
  • Dr.Rafael de Leon (Pilar) - The first Filipino who won the 100 meter dash, in the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlinmarker.
  • Gary David (Dinalupihan) - Philippine Basketball Association Multi awarded Player, Mr Pure energy and The King of PBA!
Cayetano Arellano - The first Supreme Court Chief Justice of the Republic of the Philippines.

  • Pocholo Gonzales (Mariveles) - popular youth advocate, broadcaster, motivational speaker, radio announcer, Events Organizer, Personal Branding Guru, TV producer, Voice Director and Voice Over Artist.


  • Brian Lagason (Hermosa) - 1st Grand Champion of The Digital LG Quiz Show hosted by Paolo Bediones and Regine Tolentino which then aired on GMA7.


  • Chad Peralta from Pinoy Dream Academy


See also



Notes

  1. Pinpin - The prince of Filipino printers


External links






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