Batam is an island and city
in Riau Islands
Province of Indonesia, known for its free trade zone area as part of the
Sijori Growth Triangle, is
located 20 km (12.5 miles) off Singapore's south coast.
The 715 km²
(276 miles²) island has a population of 965,062 (Jun
The official language on the island is Indonesian
, but due to the sizeable
Chinese population, Chinese languages including Teochew
, Hokkien and Mandarin
are also spoken.
located east of Karimun and Bulan Island, west of Bintan, north of
Rempang, and south of Singapore.
The Riau Strait
) separates Batam and Bintan
Major communities on Batam are Sekupang, Jodoh, Nagoya, Sungai
Panas, Batam Centre, Baloi, Batu Ampar, and Bengkong.
Pompong boat for short distance
connections in Batam and nearby islands
Beginning in the 1970s, the island underwent a major transformation
from a largely forested area into a major harbor and industrial
zone. The population grew from a few thousand in the 1960s into
hundreds of thousands. The island's economy benefits from being
close to Singapore, and, with lower labour costs and special
government incentives, is the site of many factories operated by
Singaporean companies. Shipbuilding
and electronics manufacturing are
major industries on the island; there are also several resorts and
tourist destinations on the island.
framework signed in June 2006, Batam, along with parts of
neighboring Bintan and Karimun, are a part
of a Special Economic Zone with Singapore; this zone eliminates
tariffs and value-added taxes for goods shipped between
Batam and Singapore..
is connected by several ferry services to nearby cities, including
Bintan, Karimun, Singapore and Johor
Bahru (Malaysia); the trip to Singapore takes less than
Airport is the island's airport, and has the longest runway
in Indonesia; Jakarta is the most
Batam Center Harbour from a
The "Barelang" bridges are a major landmark on Batam. The name is
an abbreviation of Batam-Rempang-Galang, the three major islands
connected by the bridges, and 3 more smaller islands. The bridges
were constructed under Habibie as the Minister for Research and
Technology with funding from the German government.
- Batam Industrial Development Authority