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Batman: The Animated Series is an Americanmarker animated series adaptation of the comic book series starring the DC Comics superhero, Batman. The series is noted for being the first to take place in the DC Animated Universe . It was produced by Warner Bros. Animation.

The visual style of the series is based on the artwork of producer Bruce Timm. The original series aired on Fox from September 5, 1992 to September 15, 1995. When the first season of the series aired on weekday afternoons, it lacked an on-screen title but was officially titled Batman: The Animated Series, as evidenced in promotional advertisements for the series . When its timeslot was moved to weekends (on some Fox channels) for the second season, it was re-named The Adventures of Batman & Robin.

Development

The original series was partially inspired by the Frank Miller comic Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, the Tim Burton films Batman and Batman Returns and the acclaimed Superman cartoons produced by Fleischer Studios in the 1940s . Timm and Radomski designed the series by closely emulating the Tim Burton films' "otherworldly timelessness," incorporating period features such as black-and-white title cards, police blimps (even though no such thing has existed, Bruce Timm has stated he found it to fit the period they were going for), 40s influenced fashion, 40s influenced car styling and a "vintage" color scheme in a largely film noir-influenced style. The series initially took a variation of music written by Danny Elfman for the Burton films Batman and Batman Returns as its theme; later episodes of the series used a new theme with a similar style by Shirley Walker (who was occasionally Elfman's conductor on the films they worked on). The score of the series was influenced by Elfman and Walker's work on Batman and Batman Returns and the music of 40s film noir.
The program was much more adult-oriented than previous typical superhero cartoon series. It was the first such cartoon in years to depict firearms being fired instead of laser guns (only one person has ever been actually depicted as shot; Commissioner Gordon in the episode "I Am the Night" was seen to have a gunshot wound after the firefight was finished), Batman actually punching and kicking the antagonists, as well as the existence of blood; in addition, many of the series' backgrounds were painted on black paper. The distinctive visual combination of film noir imagery and Art Deco designs with a very dark color scheme was called "Dark Deco" by the producers. First-time producers Timm and Radomski reportedly encountered resistance from studio executives, but the success of Burton's first film allowed the embryonic series to survive long enough to produce a pilot episode, "On Leather Wings", which according to Timm "got a lot of people off our backs."

The series received acclaim for its distinctive animation and mature writing. Fans of a wide age range praised the show's sophisticated, cinematic tone and psychological stories. Voice-actor Kevin Conroy used two distinct voices to portray Bruce Wayne and Batman, as Michael Keaton had done in the films. The series was also notable for its supporting cast that included major actors performing the voices of the various classic villains, most notably Mark Hamill, who defined a whole new career for himself in animation with his cheerfully deranged portrayal of the Joker. The voice recording sessions were recorded with the actors together in a studio, like a radio play, unlike most animated films, in which the principal voice actors record separately and never meet (various interviews have noted that such an arrangement (having the cast record together) was a benefit to the show as a whole, as the actors were able to 'react' to one another, rather than simply 'reading the words'). This method would later be employed for all subsequent animated series in the DC Animated Universe.
The Penguin as he was depicted in the animated series.
Key to the series' artistic success is that it managed to redefine classic characters, paying homage to their previous portrayals while giving them new dramatic force. The characterization of villains such as Two-Face and the Riddler and heroes like Robin — who had all appeared in the Joel Schumacher film Batman Forever — demonstrate this. The Penguin is based upon his appearance in Batman Returns, which was being released at the same time as the series. The series also gave new life to nearly forgotten characters like the Clock King. Often noted examples of these dramatic changes are the villains Clayface and Mr. Freeze (whose character in the episode "Heart of Ice" won the show an Emmy for Outstanding Writing in an Animated Program.); Batman: TAS turned Mr. Freeze from a clichéd mad scientist with a gimmick for cold, to a tragic figure whose frigid exterior hides a doomed love and a vindictive fury. Part of the tragedy is mimicked later in the plot of Joel Schumacher's infamous movie Batman & Robin, although much of the drama was lost with the resurrection of the pun-quipping mad scientist image. One of the series' most famous innovations is the Joker's hapless assistant/love interest, Harley Quinn, who became so popular that DC Comics later added her to the mainstream Batman comics continuity.

This series became a cornerstone of the Warner Bros.' animation department, which became one of the top producers of television animation. For years, Warner Bros. Animation had been known only for doing Looney Tunes and their offshoots such as Tiny Toon Adventures. This was Warner's first attempt at doing a serious animated cartoon and it was an unexpected success for the animation department. It also sparked a large franchise of similar TV adaptations of DC Comics characters. Despite the marketing decision by Warner Bros. of making the series a Saturday morning cartoon, producer Bruce Timm and the crew have often stated that the series is not a children's program but merely includes children in its audience. The same has been said for most of the other series in the DCAU.

Characters

New villains like Red Claw, the ninja Kyodai Ken, Tygrus, and the Sewer King were invented for the series, but to little acclaim. Far more successful was the introduction of Harley Quinn, the Joker's girlfriend/henchwoman, Officer / Detective Renee Montoya, and the sociopathic vigilante Lock-Up, all of whom became characters in the comics.

Aside from creating characters that crossed over into the mainline DC Comics, several of the series's reinterpretations were carried over as well. Mr. Freeze was revised to emulate the series' tragic story, the success of which actually compelled DC to bring the character back after "killing" him off some years earlier; Clayface was revised to be much more similar in appearance to his animated counterpart; Poison Ivy took on the slightly inhuman skin color she received in later episodes of the series; and Two-Face's black and white suit has become a common appearance for the character.

The Phantasm and the general storyline for the movie Batman: Mask of the Phantasm were modified from the Mike Barr-penned story "Batman: Year Two", which ran in Detective Comics #575-578 in the late 1980s; the villain in the comics was named The Reaper. While some characters like Count Vertigo, the Mirror Man, and the Clock King were adapted from the comics, they were modified in costume and personality.

All characters received an update in The New Batman Adventures, having costumes, voices, mannerisms, and overall looks modified. The artwork and colors became sharper and somewhat more cartoonish.

Bruce Wayne

One of the most noteworthy changes made is the treatment of Batman's alter ego, Bruce Wayne.

In nearly all other media, including the comics, television shows, and films, Bruce deliberately plays up his image as a vacuous, self-absorbed, and not-too-bright billionaire playboy . In Batman: TAS, his character is treated more seriously, shown as assertive, intelligent, and actively involved in the management of Wayne Enterprises, without jeopardizing his secret identity. In the episode "Eternal Youth", for example, he is shown angrily ordering one of his directors to cancel a secret deal with a timber company in the Amazon rainforest ("Shut it down, or you're gone!"). In the episode "Night of the Ninja", he revealed to reporter Summer Gleeson that he has some martial arts training, as the reporter previously researched that he once lived in Japanmarker, though he later throws a fight with the ninja Kyodai Ken in front of Gleeson to disguise his prowess.

Episodes

"Robin's Reckoning" won an Emmy for Most Outstanding Half Hour or Less Program, beating out The Simpsons.

Sixteen minutes of animated segments in the video game The Adventures of Batman and Robin for the Sega CD are sometimes referred to as a "lost episode" of the series. These segments are intended to be interspersed between gameplay elements of an early-1990s video game and as such, the sound, color and story are not of the same quality as the actual television program. Similar cutscenes appear throughout the video games Batman Vengeance and Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu.

Adaptations

The show also featured numerous adaptations of various Batman comics stories over the years to when the show was produced. The following episodes that were adaptations were:

  • "The Cape and Cowl Conspiracy" was an adaptation of "The Cape and Cowl Death Trap!" from Detective Comics #450 of August 1975, written by Elliot S. Maggin.


  • "The Strange Secret of Bruce Wayne" was based on the comic stories "The Dead Yet Live" and "I Am the Batman!" from Detective Comics #471 and #472, of August/September 1977 by Steve Englehart.


  • "Dreams in Darkness" takes its cues of a graphic novel titled The Last Arkham.


  • "Moon of the Wolf" is based on the comic story of the same name by writer Len Wein from Batman #255, April 1974.


  • "If You're So Smart, Why Aren't You Rich?" is a loose adaptation of "The Riddler!" from Detective Comics #140, October 1948.


  • "Off Balance" is a direct adaptation of "Batman: Into the Den of the Death-Dealers" of Detective Comics #411, May 1971 by Dennis O'Neil, famous for the first appearance of character Talia Al Ghul.


  • Also a direct adaptation is the two-part episode "The Demon's Quest", based on "Daughter of the Demon" from Batman #232, June 1971, and "The Demon Lives Again" Batman #244, September 1972, also by Dennis O'Neil. Famous for introducing one of Batman's deadlier foes; Ra's Al Ghul, father of Talia.


  • The episode "The Laughing Fish" was based on three Batman comics, blended together; "The Joker's Five-Way Revenge" from Batman #251, September 1973 by Dennis O'Neil, followed by "The Laughing Fish" and "Sign of the Joker!" from Detective Comics #475 and #476, of February/March 1978, both by writer Steve Englehart. In a spotlight podcast from Comic Con 2007, Paul Dini explained that the reason why the episode combined those stories was because the show's creators could not adapt them separately, because their content and thematic elements would not have been cleared by the censors.


  • Part 1 of " Robin's Reckoning" takes its cues from Detective Comics #38 of June 1940.


  • "A Bullet for Bullock" is based on the comic of the same name from Detective Comics #651, October 1992, by Chuck Dixon.


  • "Joker's Millions" from The New Batman Adventures based on Detective Comics #180 in February 1952.




  • The episode "Almost Got 'Im" where Two-Face's strategy (strapping down Batman to a giant coin and flipping the coin in the air) was taken from the comics, where both Batman and Robin were tied to a giant penny that was catapulted onto spikes. However, they were able to create a "negative magnetic field" to repel the spikes and cause them to land "heads up", and then snapped the ropes and defeating Two-Face.


Feature films

  • Batman: Mask of the Phantasm (1993) - based on the animated series, the film started production as a direct-to-video release, but was changed to be a theatrical release near the end of production.


  • Batman & Mr. Freeze: SubZero (1998) - a direct-to-video release, also based on the series, which was initially completed as a tie-in to 1997's Batman & Robin, but due to the poor reception of that movie, its release was delayed a year.


Cast

Main protagonists

Voice Actor Role
Kevin Conroy Bruce Wayne / Batman
Clive Revill Alfred Pennyworth ("On Leather Wings", "Christmas with the Joker" and "Nothing to Fear")
Efrem Zimbalist, Jr Alfred Pennyworth (Onwards)
Bob Hastings Commissioner James Gordon
Robert Costanzo Detective Harvey Bullock
Loren Lester Dick Grayson / Robin / Nightwing
Melissa Gilbert Barbara Gordon / Batgirl


Supporting protagonists

Voice Actor Role
Ingrid Oliu Officer Renee Montoya (Season One)
Liane Schirmer Officer Renee Montoya (Season Two)
Brock Peters Lucius Fox
Mari Devon Summer Gleeson
Diana Muldaur Dr. Leslie Tompkins
Lloyd Bochner Mayor Hamilton Hill
Marilu Henner Veronica Vreeland
William Sanderson Carl Rossum
William McKinney Jonah Hex
Julie Brown Zatanna
Adam West Simon Trent / The Gray Ghost


Main antagonists


Voice Actor Role
Mark Hamill The Joker
Paul Williams Oswald Cobblepot / The Penguin
Adrienne Barbeau Selina Kyle / Catwoman
John Glover Edward Nygma / The Riddler
Richard Moll Harvey Dent / Two-Face
Michael Ansara Dr. Victor Fries / Mr. Freeze
Arleen Sorkin Dr. Harleen Quinzell / Harley Quinn
Henry Polic II Dr. Jonathan Crane / The Scarecrow
Diane Pershing Pamela Isley / Poison Ivy
Aron Kincaid Waylon Jones / Killer Croc
Roddy McDowall Jervis Tetch / The Mad Hatter
Ron Perlman Matt Hagen / Clayface
Marc Singer Dr. Kirk Langstrom / Man-Bat
George Dzundza Arnold Wesker / The Ventriloquist
David Warner Ra's al Ghul
Henry Silva Bane


Supporting antagonists

Voice Actor Role
Ed Asner Roland Daggett
Jeff Bennett HARDAC
Hart Bochner Arthur Reeves
George Dzundza Dr. Gregory Belson
Robert Ito Kyodai Ken / The Ninja
Alison LaPlaca Mary Dahl / Baby Doll
Joseph Maher Dr. Emile Dorian
Dick Miller Chuckie Sol
Kate Mulgrew Red Claw
George Murdock Boss Biggis
Michael Pataki Sewer King
Alan Rachins Temple Fugate / The Clock King
Mark Rolston Garfield Lynns / Firefly
John P. Ryan Buzz Bronski
Helen Slater Talia al Ghul
Steve Susskind Maximillian "Maxie" Zeus
John Vernon Rupert Thorne
Abe Vigoda Salvatore "Sal" Valestra
Bruce Weitz Lyle Bolton / Lock-Up
Treat Williams Professor Milo
Michael York Count Vertigo


Reception

Batman: The Animated Series has been highly praised for its sophistication, mature writing, artistic ambition, and faithfulness to its source material. In the 1992 year end issue of Entertainment Weekly ranked this series in the top ten television series of the year.

Les Daniels described the show as "[coming] as close as any artistic statement has to defining the look of Batman for the 1990s." Deirdre Sheppard, a reviewer for Common Sense Media who posted her review on Go.com, described the series as a "fairly violent cartoon" with an "overall grim quality."

In 2009, IGN.com named Batman: The Animated Series the second best animated television series of all time. Wizard magazine also ranked it #2 of the greatest animated television shows of all time.

Influence

Furthermore, Batman: TAS had an impact on comics. Characters such as Renee Montoya and Harley Quinn were created for the series, but their popularity proved such that the characters were introduced into DC Comics (additionally, the character Harley Quinn appeared in the television series Birds of Prey and the new animated series The Batman). While the character of Mr. Freeze was taken from the comics, Batman: TAS redefined his origin to make him a more tragic figure, and his popularity caused DC to bring the character back from the dead and then retconned his origin to more closely match that of the series. This same origin was used for the character in the movie Batman & Robin, though to a less dramatic effect. Batman: TAS was one of the first series to portray Bruce Wayne using a different voice while being Batman. It was also the first to suggest that Harvey Dent had a pre-existing dual personality before becoming Two-Face.

The dramatic writing and stylized art of Batman: TAS sets it apart from traditional comic-book based cartoons. It can be considered the action-adventure equivalent of more mature cartoon shows like The Simpsons. For this reason the show's popularity (along with that of its various spin-offs) endures among older audiences and comic book fans.

The Lego minifigures of various Batman characters seem to be more strongly based on the designs from Batman: TAS than any other form of Batman media. More precisely, the Joker, Two-Face, Poison Ivy, Mr. Freeze and Harley Quinn's minifigures seem to have identical costumes and faces to the characters from Batman: The Animated Series.

The dark atmosphere, mature themes and even some of the voice cast from "Batman: TAS" are heavily employed in "Batman: Arkham Asylum".

Broadcasting

Batman: The Animated Series premiered on the Fox Network's children's block Fox Kids and aired there for its first several episodes during weekday afternoons at 4:30pm. In December, just three months after its debut, Fox began airing episodes of the series on prime-time Sunday evenings, marking one of the few times a show created for Saturday Morning Television was scheduled for prime-time broadcast. However, the TV ratings were poor (the show aired opposite the perennial favorite 60 Minutes), and the series was removed from this time slot in March 1993.

After the series produced its 65th episode (the minimum number necessary for a TV series to be successfully syndicated), the show's popularity encouraged Warner Bros. to produce further episodes, furthering the animated adventures of the Caped Crusader. The series reached 85 episodes before finishing its run of original episodes in 1995.

Many of the creators went on to design and produce Superman: The Animated Series for the WB Network's children's block Kids' WB before making an additional 24 episodes of Batman: TAS, better known as The New Batman Adventures, which aired alongside Superman: TAS in 1997 following the end of Fox Kids' five year exclusive broadcast contract. The New Batman Adventures aired its final episode in 1999, but continued to air on the network into 2000.

In 1999, a new spin-off series, Batman Beyond, was released to further critical acclaim. Then in 2001, the Justice League animated series was released, building on the success of both Batman: TAS and Superman: TAS and featured Batman as one of the founders of the League.

Also of note is the fact that several of the animators from Japanese animation studio Sunrise worked on the series — their work on Batman: TAS would become a great influence on one of their later series, Big O and the Cowboy Bebop episode "Pierrot le Fou".

The show began re-airing on September 30, 2007 on Toon Disney's Jetix lineup along with Superman: TAS (despite Warner Bros. being one of Disney's biggest competitors). Both shows currently air on Toon Disney's successor, Disney XD, which began on February 13, 2009.

DVD releases

Warner Home Video has released Batman: The Animated Series on DVD in Region 1 in 4 volume box sets. The fourth volume however contains all 24 episodes of The New Batman Adventures. Warner Home Video later released Batman: The Complete Animated Series, which features all episodes from both the original series and The New Batman Adventures, on DVD in Region 1. The set includes all features from the four individual volumes plus a bonus 17th disc with a new special feature and a 40 page Collector's book containing artwork.

DVD Name Ep # Release Date Additional Information
Batman: The Animated Series -
Volume 1
28 July 6, 2004
  • Commentary on "On Leather Wings" and "Heart of Ice"
  • "The Dark Knight's First Night" Featurette
  • "Batman: The Legacy Continues" Featurette
  • Tour of the Batcave
  • Trailers
Batman: The Animated Series -
Volume 2
28 January 25, 2005
  • Commentary Tracks
  • Robin Rising Featurette
  • Gotham's Guardians Featurette
  • Voices of the Knight Featurette
Batman: The Animated Series -
Volume 3
29 May 24, 2005
  • Audio and Video Commentaries
  • Gotham's New Knight — Featurette on Batgirl as Batman's Newest Ally
Batman: The Complete Animated Series 109 November 4, 2008
  • All 85 episodes of Batman: The Animated Series
  • All 24 episodes of The New Batman Adventures
  • 40 page collector book


Region 2

Volumes 1 and 2 were released on DVD in the UK on October 10, 2005 (Volume 1) and August 21, 2006 (Volume 2). These DVD volumes are exclusive to the retail chain HMV in the United Kingdommarker.
As of June 14 2008 Volume 1 has now been re-released in the UK as a non-HMV exclusive.

Both the artwork and the extras remain the same as the original HMV exclusive release.

Volume 2 has been similarly released as of March 3, 2009.


In Bulgaria volumes 1 and 2 were released in early 2006. Each disc was sold separately in amaray case. They were Regions 2 and 5.

Region 4

In Australia, (Volume 1) was released on October 19, 2005, but nothing has ever been released since.

Music

The musical score heard on the show was written by several people. The main theme (during the opening and ending credits of each episode) was composed by Danny Elfman, but which composer did the episodic underscore differed from time to time. Although at least seven different composers worked on the show, Shirley Walker, Lolita Ritmanis and Michael McCuistion should be regarded as main contributors.

La-La Land Records announced the release of the show's soundtrack as a two CD Set on December 16, 2008. The release was a limited pressing of 3,000 copies.

About one month after the release, the CD set had sold 2,500 copies. According to the spokesperson of La-La Land Records, this "can only help as the label hopes to convince Warner Bros. to release more Batman: The Animated Series soundtracks."

The soundtrack has gotten great reviews , and is now completely sold out.

Track listing

Disc One (Total Time 76:05)

  1. Gotham City Overture 14:01
  2. Batman The Animated Series - Main Title (Danny Elfman) 1:02


  • "On Leather Wings" (Shirley Walker):
  1. Sub-Main Title / Batwing / Bat Attack 1:51
  2. Batman Drives To Gotham 1:00
  3. Batman Investigates / Batman Uses Infrared / Police Rush Building 1:48
  4. Batman Escapes / Batman Flies 1:48
  5. Bats / Evidence Goes Up In Smoke/ The Formula / Dr Jekyll And Mr. Bat 3:01
  6. Gotham From the Air / Ride'Em Batman / Epilogue 2:16


  • "The Last Laugh" (Shirley Walker):
  1. Sub-Main Title 1:35
  2. The Submarine / Joker Loots Gotham 2:35
  3. Alfred Loses It 0:58
  4. Bat Boat / Batman Catches The Big Fish / Batman Fights The Bad Guys 2:18
  5. Cliff-Hanger Under Water / Batman A.K.A Houdini 1:56
  6. Batman The Terminator 2:01
  7. Batman Vs. Joker / Batman Vs Joker Part 2 3:47


  • "It's Never Too Late" (Lolita Ritmanis):
  1. Sub-Main Title / Stromwell's Flashback 2:01
  2. Batman on Top of Church / Stromwell Arrives At Pete's / Thugs Exit 1:20
  3. Stromwell Confronts Thorn 1:15
  4. It's Party Time / Batman Carries Stromwell 0:48
  5. Stromwell Sees Joey 1:41
  6. Stromwell Tricks Batman / Thorn's Men Move In / Thorn Chases Stromwell 3:22
  7. Stromwell's Flashback #2 1:45
  8. Batman Cracks Heads / Thorn Removed 1:20


  • "Pretty Poison" (Shirley Walker, Lolita Ritmanis, & Michael McCuistion):
  1. Ground Breaking Ceremony / Penitentiary Time Lapses 1:11
  2. Batman Catches A Chopper / The Chopper Crashes / Rooftop Chase 1:58
  3. Batman Sneaks Around 1:09
  4. A Little Plant Muzak / The Carnivorous Plant 0:59
  5. Batman Vs. Poison Ivy / Poison Ivy In Prison 3:52


  • "Christmas With The Joker" (Shirley Walker, Lolita Ritmanis, & Michael McCuistion):
  1. 14 Seconds Opening / Jingle Bells / The Joker Blasts Off 1:03
  2. Down the Mountain / Sidewalk Red Herring 0:51
  3. 'Pukey Christmas Music / Christmas With The Joker / Game Show Music 2:18
  4. The Train Crashes 1:19
  5. Observatory Cannon / Cannon Out Of Control / Robin Blows Up Cannon 1:11
  6. More Game Show Music / Drive To The Toy Company 1:39
  7. Nutcracker Suite Medley 1:24
  8. Pie In Batman's Face / Dangling Hostages Saved / Deck The Halls 1:40


Disc Two (Total Time 74:02)

  1. Batman The Animated Series - Alternate Main Title (Shirley Walker) 1:09


  • "Two Face, Part I" (Shirley Walker):
  1. Harvey's Nightmare / Dent's Soap Box 2:24
  2. Batman Tracks Dent 2:07
  3. Split Personality / Harvey / Harv 4:21


  • "Two Face, Part II" (Shirley Walker):
  1. Part One Recap 0:33
  2. Sub-Main Title / The Heist 1:49
  3. Bruce Wayne's Nightmare / Two-Face Remembers 2:47
  4. Batcycle / What About Grace 1:58
  5. My Name Is Two-Face 1:52
  6. The Great Equalizer / Where There's Love 4:03


  • "Joker's Favor" (Shirley Walker):
  1. Sub-Main Title / Cussing Out The Joker / I Had A Bad Day 3:18
  2. Joker's Hide-Out 1:19
  3. Charlie's Neighborhood / Joker Finds Charlie 1:18
  4. Charlie Arrives In Gotham / Joker Collects His Favor 0:42
  5. Harley's Party Source 0:44
  6. Crashing The Party 1:33
  7. Batman Saves The Commissioner / Batman's After The Joker / Charlie Gets the Joker 3:38


  • "Vendetta" (Michael McCuistion):
  1. Sub-Main Title / Conway Is Abducted 0:43
  2. A Clue / The Crocodile's Lair 1:27
  3. Another Clue 1:19
  4. Croc's Cave / Killer Croc 2:52
  5. Batman Chases Croc / Sewer Fight 2:54
  6. Bullock Gets The Croc 1:09


  • "Perchance To Dream" (Shirley Walker):
  1. Sub-Main Title / The Dream Begins 0:52
  2. It's Impossible / Bruce Sees Batman / Bruce Watches Batman At Work 2:14
  3. My Life Is A Dream 2:48
  4. Climbing The Church Tower / Belltower Fight 2:45
  5. Your Own Private Wonderland / Back to Reality 2:48


  • "Birds of a Feather" (Shirley Walker) (to track 33):
  1. Birds Of A Feather 1:54
  2. That Fine Roman Nose / Penguin vs. Muggers 2:32
  3. Penguin Takes Veronica 0:40
  4. The Drop / Rubber Duckie Ride 1:50
  5. The Penguin's Opera / High Society 2:19


  1. Batman The Animated Series - End Credit (Danny Elfman) 0:34
  2. Music Of The Bat 101 (Bonus Track) 6:45


In other media

The television series was accompanied by a tie-in comic book, The Batman Adventures, which followed the art style and continuity of the television series instead of other Batman comic books. The Batman Adventures, through several format changes to reflect the changing world of the series and its spin-offs, outlasted the series itself by nearly a decade, finally being cancelled in 2004 to make way for the tie-in comic of a new, unrelated Batman animated series, The Batman.

There was also a short-lived series of tie-in novels, adapted from episodes of the series by science fiction author Geary Gravel. To achieve novel-length, Gravel combined several related episodes into a single storyline in each novel. The novels included:
  • Shadows of the Past ("Appointment in Crime Alley", "Robin's Reckoning" two-parter)
  • Dual to the Death ("Two-Face" two-parter, "Shadow of the Bat" two-parter)
  • The Dragon and the Bat ("Night of the Ninja", "Day of the Samurai")
  • Mask of the Phantasm (Batman: Mask of the Phantasm movie)


Several video games (The Adventures of Batman & Robin) based on the animated continuity were released during the 16-bit game-machine era (roughly, that era spans from 1989-1996). Konami developed a game for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES), while SEGA released versions of the game for the Sega Mega Drive/Genesis, Sega Mega-CD and Game Gear. The SNES, Mega Drive/Genesis and Game Gear versions were side-scrolling action games, while Mega CD version featured a 3-D driving adventure. All of the games had art true to the series, while Sega's versions featured art elements directly from the show's creators [25964]. The CD version has over 20 minutes of original animated footage comparable to the most well crafted episodes, with the principal voice actors reprising their roles. There was also a game made for the Game Boy based on the series. The critical reception of these games were varied but above average. Batman Vengeance was released for the GameCube, PlayStation 2, and Xbox in 2001, it was based on The New Batman Adventures and reunited much of the cast. Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu was released for the Game Boy Advance, GameCube, PlayStation 2, Xbox, and PC it used the style of the TNBA. Batman: Chaos in Gotham was released for the Game Boy Color. It was also based on TNBA. Though not directly related, the game Batman: Arkham Asylum features some of the old voice talent from the show reprising their roles, and makes some references to the cartoon.

See also



Notes

References

  • Dini, P. and Kidd, C. Batman Animated, Perennial Currents, 1998. ISBN 0-06-107327-X


External links




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