coastal city of Batroun (Greek: Βοτρύς, Arabic:
البترون) located in northern Lebanon is one of
the oldest cities of the world.
home to a Lebanese Red
Cross First Aid Center.
Batroun derives from the Greek, Botrys (also
spelled Bothrys), which was later Latinized to Botrus.
Historians believe that the Greek name of the town originates from
, which means to cut
and it referes to the
maritime wall that the Phoenicians built in the sea to protect them
from tidal waves. Other historians believe that the name of the
town is derivative of the Phoenician words, beit truna
which translates to house of the chief
a major tourist destination in North Lebanon.
Our Lady of the Seas
The town boasts tens of historic churches,
and Greek Orthodox
. The town is also a
major beach resort with a vibrant nightlife. Citrus groves surround
Batroun, and the town has been famous, from the early twentieth
century, for its fresh lemonade, which is sold by most of the cafés
and restaurants on its main street.
The people of Batroun are Lebanese and followers of the Maronite Catholic
and Greek Orthodox
churches. Batroun is a
(Latin rite) Titular See
Street in Batroun
Batroun is likely the "Batruna" mentioned in the el-Amarna letters
dating to the 14th century B.C.
Batroun was mentioned by the ancient geographers Strabo
, Stephanus Byzantius
, and Hierocles
called the city "Bostrys."
Phoenicians founded Batroun on the southern side of the
promontory called in Antiquity,
Theoprosopon and during the Byzantine Empire, Cape Lithoprosopon. Batroun is said to have been founded by
Ithobaal I (Ethbaal), king of Tyre, whose daughter Jezabel (897-866 B.C.) married
belonged under Roman rule to Phoenicia Prima province, and later after the region was
Christianized became a suffragan of the
Batroun was destroyed by an earthquake, which also caused mudslides
and made the Cape Lithoprosopon crack.
Historians believe that Batroun's
large natural harbor
during the earthquake.
Three Greek Orthodox
known to have come from Batroun: Porphyrius in 451, Elias about 512
and Stephen in 553 (Lequien
, II, 827).
According to a Greek Notitia
, the Greek
See has existed in Batroun since the tenth century
when the city was then called Petrounion
the Muslim conquests of the region, the name was arabicized to
Batroun's medieval archaeological sites
is the Crusader citadel of Mousaylaha which is constructed on an isolated massive rock
with steep sides protruding in the middle of a plain surrounded by
rule, Batroun was the
centre of a caza
in the mutessariflik
of Lebanon and the seat of a
Maronite diocese, suffragan to the Maronite patriarchate
. Since 1999 it
has been the seat of the Maronite eparchy
Famous People from Batroun
House in Batroun's Vieux
- Gibran Bassil,
Minister of Post
- Antoine Zahra,
- Boutros Harb,
- John Abizaid,
American commander of US army in the Middle East, From
- Leon Michel Hoyek, born
in 1944, founder and president of three Health Dispensaries
established in 1987 under the name of "Human Development Movement"
in Batrun, Lebanon. He played an important role during the Lebanese
civil war supplying individuals in need with the proper health and
food services, despite the gravity of the situation. He is the
current occupant of Patriarch Elias
Hoyek's house in Helta, Batrun.
Nimattullah Kassab Al-Hardini,(1808-1856) Youssef
Kassab was born in Hardeen of Batroun , in 1808 . His father was
Gerges Kassab , and his mother Maryam Raad. He entered the Lebanese
Maronite order's school at Saint Anthony's Monastery in Houb in
1816 stayed there until 1822.
- Michel Basbous, (1921 – 1981) Michel Basbous
was born in Rachana, Batroun in 1921. Basbous taught sculpture at
the American University of Beirut. Michel Basbous made Rachana an
artistic and cultural center be exhibiting his sculptures in open
- Sayed Akl, ex- Parliament Member
- Joseph Attieh -
Lebanese singer who won Star Academy 3