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The Battle of Abensberg took place on April 20 1809, between the Frenchmarker, W├╝rttembergersmarker (VIII Corps) and Bavariansmarker (VII Corps) under Napoleon which numbered about 90,000 strong, and 80,000 Austriansmarker under the Archduke Charles of Austria. The battle resulted in a French victory.

Prelude

Desperately trying to wrest the initiative back from Archduke Charles in the opening phases of the 1809 campaign, Napoleon Bonaparte consolidated his forces, left in a confused state by the former commander Marshal Berthier, and went on the offensive at Abensberg.

The battle

On the French left, Marshal Lannes' corps drove back the Austrians after a feeble resistance. In the centre the Bavarians were hard pressed, but eventually Napoleon succeeded in turning the Austrian flank, exposed by the defeat of their right, and Charles was forced to retreat. The Austrians lost 7,000, the French, W├╝rttembergers and Bavarians about 3,000 killed and wounded. Despite being outnumbered, Bonaparte's 113,000 troops split the 160,000 strung-out Austrians into two forces. Charles was forced to retreat east to Eckm├╝hl and General Hiller moved south-east to Landshutmarker. Both then had to fight a second major battle each. Austria suffered 2800 casualties at Abensberg, with a further 4000 men captured.

See also



Headline text

An Encyclopedia of Battles: Accounts of Over 1,560 Battles from 1479 B.C. to the Present, David Eggenberger, ISBN 0-486-24913-I

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