The Battle of Hsimucheng
was a minor land
engagement of the Russo-Japanese
. fought on 31 July 1904 near Hsimucheng, a hamlet about 20
kilometers [13 miles] southeast of the strategic junction town of
, on the main road connecting
Haicheng with the coast.
On the Japanese
side were the
5th and the 10th Divisions of the Japanese Fourth Army under
General Nozu Michitsura
as well as a
detachment from the Second Army. On the Russian
side was the Second Siberian
Army Corps under of Lieutenant General Mikhail Zasulich
, supported by cavalry
units under the command of Lieutenant General Pavel Mishchenko
Following its defeat at the Battle
, the 2nd Siberian Corps under General Zasulich
retreated to the village of Hsimungcheng. General Zasulich had a
total of 33 battalions and 80 artillery pieces, but was in an
exposed position in mountainous terrain.
The two forces collided at 0200 on 31 July 1904, with the Japanese
10th Division and reserve brigade making a direct frontal assault
on the Russian positions, and the 5th Division moving left to
threaten the Russian line of retreat.
The Russian forces held out tenaciously through the day and into
the night against superior forces. The Japanese 5th Division joined forces
with a detachment of the 3rd Division of the 2nd Japanese Army sent
by General Oku to assist, and the
Japanese were thus in a position to encircle the Russian force. At
2300 on 31 July 1904, General Zasulich exercised his standing order
from General Alexei Kuropatkin to
withdraw to Haicheng, and the Japanese 2nd and 4th Armies were thus
able to link up for the next push north towards Liaoyang.
The Battle of Hsimucheng cost the Russian forces 1,550 casualties
, and the Japanese forces 836.
- Kowner, Rotem (2006). "Historical Dictionary of the
Russo-Japanese War". Scarecrow. ISBN 0-8108-4927-5
- Connaughton, Richard (2003). "Rising Sun and Tumbling Bear".
Cassell. ISBN 0-304-36657-9