Battle of Lipany or Lipan, also
called the Battle of Česky Brod, was fought at
Lipany 40 km east of Prague on May 30, 1434 and virtually ended
the Hussite Wars.
An army of
nobility and Catholics
, called the Bohemian League,
defeated the radical Taborites
led by Prokop the Great
overall commander, and by Jan
Čapek of Sány
, the cavalry commander.
The radicals set up a Wagenburg
strategically advantageous hill, and both armies stood against each
other for some time. An attempt by the Utraquists to negotiate and
resolve the conflict peacefully failed due to irreconcilable
position of the radicals. Three days after the unsuccessful
negotiations, the Leaguers advanced to the radicals' encampment;
although the following mutual cannonade was harmless due to
distance between the two armies, to the surprise of the radicals
the Leaguers began to retreat with all their wagons. Thinking that
the enemy was fleeing, the radicals' commanders opened the
Wagenburg to attack the Leaguers' formation, not knowing that the
retreat was a trick to draw them out of the Wagenburg. As the
radicals approached the Leaguers' army, the Leaguers stopped and
began to fire from their wagons. At the same time, the Leaguers'
heavy cavalry, which had been hidden near the radicals' camp,
undertook a surprise attack from the side and penetrated into the
open Wagenburg. The radicals' army quickly collapsed and the
commander of the Orphans' cavalry, Čapek of Sány, fled with all his
men to the nearby town of Kolín.
battle now changed into a massacre of the lightly-equipped radical
forces. Both Prokop the Great and Prokůpek (Prokop the Little) were
killed, holding "the last stand"
wagons. Some prominent leaders of the radicals, including Jan Roháč of Dubá
captured, but about 700 ordinary soldiers who surrendered after
promises of renewed military service, were burned to death in
As a consequence of the battle, the Taborite army was markedly
weakened, and the Orphans virtually ceased to exist as a military
road towards acceptance of the Compact
of Basel was now open, and it was signed on 5
July 1436 in Jihlava.
next month, Sigismund
was accepted as King of Bohemia by all major factions. Sigismund
commented on the Battle of Lipany that "the Bohemians
could be overcome only by
formation of Taborites under the command
of Jan Roháč of Dubá
was besieged at his castle Sion near Kutná Hora. It was then captured by Sigismund's forces,
and on 9 September, 1437 Roháč, still refusing to accept Sigismund as his
King, was hanged in Prague.
the wars officially over, many Hussites were now hired by the same
countries whom they had sacked during their "beautiful