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Bay of Campeche: Map


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Bay of Campeche (On this map, as in some other, often confused with the smaller Bahía de Campeche)

The Bay of Campeche ( ) (sometimes confused with Bahía de Campeche) is the southern bight of the Gulf of Mexicomarker. It is surrounded on three sides by the Mexicanmarker states of Campechemarker, Tabascomarker and Veracruzmarker. It was named by Francisco Hernández de Córdoba and Antonio de Alaminos during their expedition in 1517.

Oil resource

The Cantarell Complex of five oil fields lies beneath the Bay of Campeche. It is the second most productive oil field in the world, supplying about two thirds of Mexico's crude oil output. On June 3, 1979, Ixtoc Imarker, an exploratory oil well, located in the bay, suffered a blowout and became the largest unintentional oil spill in history. The area of the bay is and maximum depth of the bay is approximately .

Miscellaneous information

Bay of Campeche
During the months of June and July, the Bay of Campeche is considered one of the "hot" breeding spots for Atlanticmarker hurricanes. The bay is also considered the eastern border on the main migration routes for birds in the Americas.


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