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Location of the Bay of Islands.


The Bay of Islands is an area in the Northland Regionmarker of the North Islandmarker of New Zealand. Located 60 km north-west of Whangareimarker, it is close to the northern tip of the country.

It is one of the most popular fishing, sailing and tourist destinations in the country, and has been renowned internationally for its big-game fishing since American author Zane Grey publicised it in the 1930s.

Geography

The bay itself is an irregular 16 km-wide inlet in the north-eastern coast of the island. A natural harbour, it has several arms which extend into the land, notably Waikare Inlet in the south and Kerikerimarker and Te Puna (Mangonui) inlets in the north-west. The small town of Russellmarker is located at the end of a short peninsula that extends into the bay from the southeast. Several islands lie to the north of this peninsula, notably Urupukapuka Island to the east and Moturoa Island to the north. The Purerua Peninsulamarker extends to the west of the bay, north of Te Puna Inlet, and Cape Brettmarker Peninsula extends 10 km into the Pacific Ocean at the eastern end of the bay.

History

The first European to visit the area was Captain Cook, who named the region in 1769. The Bay of Islands was the first area in New Zealand to be settled by Europeans. Whalers arrived towards the end of the 18th century, while the first missionaries settled in 1814. The first full-blooded European child recorded as being born in the country, Thomas King, was born in 1815 at Oihi Bay in the Bay of Islands. (There have been unsubstantiated claims that a European girl was born earlier at the Dusky Soundmarker settlement in the South Islandmarker.

The bay has many interesting historic towns including Paihiamarker, Russellmarker, Waitangimarker and Kerikerimarker. Russell, formerly known as Kororarekamarker, was the first permanent European settlement in New Zealand, and dates from the early 1800s. Kerikeri contains many historic sites from the earliest European colonial settlement in the country. These include the Mission Housemarker, also called Kemp House, which is the oldest wooden structure still standing in New Zealand. The Stone Storemarker, a former storehouse, is the oldest stone building in New Zealand, construction having begun on 19 April 1832.

In a 2006 study, the Bay of Islands was found to have the second bluest sky in the world, after Rio de Janeiromarker.

The Cream Trip

In 1886, Albert Ernest Fuller launched the "Undine" sailing ship in the Bay of Islands to deliver coal supplies to the islands within the Bay. With the fitting of a motor in the early 1900s, Fuller was able to deliver the coal and essential supplies to communities as far out as Cape Brett.

In 1927 Fuller acquired the "Cream Trip" from Eddie Lane - with the facilities on board to transport cream from the islands, and by the 1960s, the newly commissioned "Bay Belle" started this run. Although a modern catamaran now takes this historical route of the original The Cream Trip, the Bay Belle continues to transport visitors and locals between Paihia and Russell throughout the day.

See also



References

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