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This article is about Turkishmarker festivals. For other uses, see also Bayram .
Bayram is the Turkiс word for a nationally celebrated festival or holiday, applicable to both national (i.e. secular) or religious celebrations. In accordance with this dual applicability, the method with which one determines the yearly timing of Bayrams is different for national and religious holidays.

State holidays in Turkeymarker have set dates under the nationally-used Gregorian Calendar, while the religious holidays are coordinated and publicly announced in advance by the Government's Presidency of Religious Affairs department according to the Lunar Calendar, and are subsequently accommodated into the national Gregorian Calendar, which results in the dates for religious holidays changing every year with a shift margin of approximately 11 days.

Large scale non-Turkish or non-Islamic traditions and celebrations may similarly be called Bayram, as illustrated by Halloween being referred to as "Cadılar Bayramı" (i.e. "Bayram of Witches"), Easter as "Paskalya Bayramı" (i.e. "Easter Bayram") or "Hamursuz Bayramı" ("No-flour Bayram", used by Jews), Christmas as "Noel Bayramı" (i.e. "Christmas Bayram"), or Hanukkah as "Yeniden Adanma Bayramı" (i.e. "Renewal/Rededication Bayram"). However, it should be noted that not every special occasion or holiday is referred to as a Bayram, as illustrated by the case of New Year's Eve, World Health Day or Liberation of Istanbul, among others. Also many Albanian and Bosnian Muslims refer to Eid ul-Fitr as Bayram, most likely because both countries were part of the Ottoman Empire for many years.

National festivals of Turkey

Religious festivals of Turkey

  • The three-day, post-Ramadan, Şeker/Ramazan Bayramı (Eid ul-Fitr; i.e. "Bayram of Sweets" or "Ramadan Bayram")
  • The four-day Kurban Bayramı (Eid ul-Adha; i.e. "Sacrifice Bayram")

See also

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