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Beaver is a borough in and the county seat of Beaver Countymarker, Pennsylvaniamarker, United Statesmarker, at the confluence of the Beavermarker and Ohio Rivers. As of the 2000 census, the borough population was 4,775, having dropped from 5,641 in 1940.

Robert Linn was the mayor of Beaver for 58 years (1946–2004), making him the longest serving mayor in the United Statesmarker. The borough was the home of influential U. S. Senator "Boss" Quay.

History

The area around Beaver was originally home to the Shawnee tribe. Later, the Mingo, Lenape, and other displaced groups moved into the area. The area was part of the Ohio Country that was in dispute during the French and Indian War.

Beaver became the site of Fort McIntoshmarker, a Revolutionary War era Patriot frontier fort. After the war, the fort was the home of the First American Regiment, the oldest active unit in the US Army. The fort was abandoned in 1788 and razed a short time later. By then, the frontier had moved westward and there was no further need for a permanent garrison to protect the area.

The town was laid out in 1792. In 1800, it became the county seat of the newly formed Beaver County. The first county court was established in the town in 1804. The town's growth was steady until 1879 when the arrival of the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad caused a major growth spurt. In February 1884 a massive flood caused extensive damage. In 1974, an archeological excavation was conducted at the site of Fort McIntosh.

In late 2007, it was proposed that Beaver and Brighton Townshipmarker combine. According to a report by the Governor's Center for Local Government Services, the two municipalities would possibly derive a significant financial benefit from uniting. Also being considered was the type of combination: either merger, in which one of the municipalities would be annexed by the other, or consolidation, in which the two would become a single new municipality under a new name. Any union would require voter approval, and if officials decide to place the question on the ballot, it will not be voted until mid-2008 at the earliest.

Geography

Beaver is located at (40.693865, -80.307944).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km²), of which, 0.9 square miles (2.4 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (13.89%) is water.

Beaver Historic District

Map of the Beaver Historic District


In 1996, almost the entire community was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district. Centered on Beaver's commercial Third Street, the buildings in the district date primarily to the nineteenth century, although some twentieth-century structures are present. Some of the district's most prominent buildings are five churches, the county jail, and the county courthouse, although most of the district consists of residential neighborhoods. Included in the boundaries of the district is the Matthew S.marker Quay Housemarker, the National Historic Landmark home of Beaver native Senator Matthew Quay, and the site of Fort McIntoshmarker, a fort constructed in the 1780s.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,775 people, 2,112 households, and 1,260 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,119.3 people per square mile (1,982.4/km²). There were 2,297 housing units at an average density of 2,462.6/sq mi (953.6/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.44% White, 2.64% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 0.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population.

There were 2,112 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the borough the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 22.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $42,113, and the median income for a family was $57,208. Males had a median income of $43,198 versus $26,709 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,003. About 3.7% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.

Trivia



See also



Notable residents

References

  1. Bruni, Jessica. "Analysis may back Beaver, Brighton merger," Beaver County Times, 2007-10-25, pp. A1, A3.
  2. Taylor, David S. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Beaver Historic District, National Park Service, 1996-07-06, Inventory of Beaver Historic District properties, and Accompanying map


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