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Benito Quinquela Martín (March 10(?), 1890–January 28, 1977) was an Argentinemarker painter born in La Bocamarker, Buenos Airesmarker. Quinquela Martín is considered the port painter-par-excellence and one of the most popular Argentine painters. His paintings of port scenes show the activity, vigor and roughness of the daily life in portuary La Boca.

Early years

His birthday could not be determined precisely as he was abandoned on March 21, 1890 at an orphanage with a note that stated "This kid has been baptized, and his name is Benito Juan Martín". From his physical appearance, the nuns who found him deduced that he should be around ten days old; thus March 10 is regarded as his birthday.

Adopted by Manuel and Justina Molina de Chinchella when he was six years old, he adopted his stepfather's surname (which would later be hispanized as Quinquela).

At the age of 14 he attended a modest night school of drawing in La Bocamarker while working during day on the family's coal-yard. When he became 17 years old he joined the Pezzini Stiatessi Conservatory, where he stayed until 1920.

International Exhibitions

By 1910 he had started appearing small art exhibitions, mainly in and around La Bocamarker. He obtained the second prize on the Salón Nacional (Spanish, "National Exhibition") in 1920. After an exhibition at Mar del Platamarker in the same year, he was sent as the Argentine representative to an exhibition in Rio de Janeiromarker, Brazilmarker attended by local personalities including Brazilian president Epitacio Pessoa.

By the 1920s Marcelo T. de Alvear and his wife were very fond of Quinquela Martín's works, and this admiration led to a lasting friendship. In 1922, Quinquela Martín was assigned as chancellor of the Argentine Madridmarker Consulate in Spainmarker. On April, 1923 he exhibited at the Círculo de Bellas Artes of Madridmarker. Two of his works were acquired by the institution (Buque en reparación and Efecto de Sol), while another two were acquired by the Museum of Modern Art of Madrid.

In 1925 he set sail for Francemarker because—in his own words—"My trip to France is owed to President Alvear, who liked my works and wanted them to be judged by Parismarker". The Museum of Luxembourg acquired Tormenta en el astillero.

On 1927 he left for New Yorkmarker, where he put part of his work on display at the Anderson Galleries. Accounts say two paintings were bought by "Mr. Havemeyer", who donated them to the Metropolitan Museummarker of New York. After this exhibition he made several others under sculptor Georgette Blandi's tutelage. Before returning to Buenos Aires, he was invited to Havanamarker by Conde Ribero to exhibit there.

On 1929, on a trip to Italymarker, he made an exhibition at the Palazzo delle Esposizionimarker in Romemarker. The Museum of Modern Art of Rome acquired several paintings which were chosen by Benito Mussolini during the display. Quinquela Martín made his last trip in 1930, to Londonmarker, where he exhibited at the Burlington Gallery. Several British museums acquired his paintings, including the Museum of Arts of London, Museum of Birmingham, Sheffield, Swansea, Cardiff, New Zealandmarker and St. James's Palacemarker.

Back in his homeland, he became a philanthropist and donated several works to La Bocamarker and the city of Buenos Aires.

He died in Buenos Aires on January 28, 1977, and was buried in the La Chacarita Cemeterymarker.

Famous works

Among his most famous works are: Tormenta en el Astillero (Musée du Luxembourgmarker, Parismarker), Puente de la Boca (St. James's Palacemarker, Londonmarker) and Crepúsculo en el astillero (Museo Nacional de Bellas Artesmarker, Buenos Aires).

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