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Berlin ( , with stress on first syllable) is a city along the Androscoggin River in Coos Countymarker in northern New Hampshiremarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 10,331 at the 2000 Census. It includes the village of Cascade. Located on the edge of the White Mountainsmarker, the city's boundaries extend into the White Mountain National Forestmarker. Berlin is home to Northern Forest Heritage Park, the Berlin Fish Hatchery, and the White Mountains Community College, a member of the Community College System of New Hampshire.

Berlin is the principal city of the Berlin Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Coos County, New Hampshire and Essex Countymarker, Vermontmarker.


International Paper Mill, c.
First granted in 1771 by Colonial Governor John Wentworth, the town was named Maynesborough Plantation after Sir William Mayne, a West Indiesmarker trader. But the grantees did not take up their claims, which disappeared with the Revolution. Instead, Maynesborough was settled in 1781-1782 by William Sessions and others from Mainemarker. Farming was the first industry. With 65 inhabitants in 1829, the New England town was reincorporated as Berlin by Thomas Wheeler, a selectman formerly of Berlin, Massachusettsmarker.

Situated in a heavily forested region, the community developed early into a center for logging and wood industries. Falls on the Androscoggin River provided water power for sawmills. In 1821, a road was built to Gorhammarker, and in 1851 the St. Lawrence & Atlantic Railroad entered Berlin. Acquiring water, timber and rail rights in the early 1850s, the H. Winslow & Company built a large sawmill at the head of Berlin Falls. In 1868, William Wentworth Brown and Lewis T. Brown bought a controlling interest in the business and changed its name to the Berlin Mills Company. By 1885, the mill town was home to several lumber, pulp and paper mills, including the Forest Fibre Company and White Mountain Pulp & Paper Company. Because of the need for labor, immigrants arrived from Italymarker, Norwaymarker, Swedenmarker, Russiamarker and Irelandmarker. Many others were French Canadians from nearby Quebecmarker.

In 1882, a group of Scandinavians founded here the nation's first ski club, which would be named Nansen Ski Club in honor of Fridtjof Nansen, who in 1888 skied across Greenlandmarker. In 1897, Berlin was incorporated as a city, the northernmost in the state.
Paper Mill now silent in the evening sunset - Berlin, NH, Spring 2007
The wood and paper industries, however, have been in a long decline. In 1917, the Berlin Mills Company was renamed the Brown Company, which went into receivership during the Great Depression. It survived with governmental help, and was bought and sold several times after World War II. American Tissue filed for bankruptcy in 2001, before which it had stopped paying city taxes. Its facilities were purchased in 2002 by Fraser Papers of Canadamarker. But in March 2006, Fraser Papers announced the closing of Berlin's pulp mill. On May 6, 2006, 250 employees were displaced, some moving to Cascademarker's paper finishing mill, but most were left unemployed. The North American Dismantling Corporation of Michiganmarker announced on October 3, 2006, that it had bought the defunct pulp mill site of Fraser Paper, and would spend a year demolishing the property to allow redevelopment. Laidlaw Energy LLC has since purchased a portion of the former Fraser property, including a large recovery boiler which it intends to convert into a 66 megawatt biomass plant in 2010-2011.

Recent economic development has focused on the correctional industry, with the 750 bed Northern New Hampshire Correctional Facility built in 1999 and employing approximately 200 people. In Fall 2010 the Federal Bureau of Prisons plans on opening a 1200 bed medium security facility which will employ approximately 350 people.

Image:City Hall, Berlin, NH.jpg|City Hall in 1916Image:Main Street, North End, Berlin, NH.jpg|Main Street c. 1912Image:View from Mason St. Bridge, Berlin, NH.jpg|General View c. 1920Image:Berlin_Falls.jpg|General View c. 2007Image:Main Street, Berlin, NH.jpg|Main Street in 1914Image:MainStreetSouth.jpg|Main Street South in 2007Image:Mount Forest, Berlin, NH.jpg|Mount Forest c. 1912Image:Berlin - Autumn.jpg|Fall foliage - Berlin, NH 2006Image:GTRailroad.jpg|Grand Trunk Railroad 2007Image:04-Berlin.jpg|Berlin waterfront, 2007


Berlin is located at (44.4686, -71.1839).

Berlin is located in northern New Hampshire, north of the White Mountainsmarker. The city is bordered to the south by Randolphmarker and Gorhammarker, north by Milanmarker, east by Successmarker and west by Kilkennymarker.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , of which is land and is water, comprising 1.17% of the town. Berlin is situated at the confluence of the Androscoggin and Deadmarker rivers. The Mahoosuc Rangemarker is to the southeast. Jericho Lake State Parkmarker, created from a city park and from private land in 2005, is west of the city center and features a man-made lake created in the 1970s and a network of ATV trails. The city's highest point is Mount Weeksmarker, at above sea level. Approximately half of Berlin lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed and half lies in the Androscoggin River watershed.


Post Office Square c.
As of the census of 2005, there were 10,097 people, 4,555 households, and 2,901 families residing in the city. The population density was 167.4 people per square mile (64.6/km²). There were 5,111 housing units at an average density of 82.8/sq mi (32.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.25% White, 0.18% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.

There were 4,555 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.74.

Gem Theatre in 1917
In the city the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 22.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,647, and the median income for a family was $38,750. Males had a median income of $33,190 versus $21,156 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,780. 12.4% of the population and 9.1% of families were below the poverty line. 13.4% of those under the age of 18 and 12.4% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

The population of Berlin rose rapidly from 1880 through 1930. The fastest growth more than doubled the population between 1890 and 1900. A slow decline began after 1930, interrupted only by a temporary increase around 1960.

Notable inhabitants


Public schools

Public education is managed by Berlin Public Schools:
  • Berlin High Schoolmarker (Grades 9 through 12)
  • Berlin Junior High School (Grades 7 through 8)
  • Hillside Elementary School (Grades 3 through 6)
  • Brown Elementary School (Grades K through 2)

Higher education


Radio stations


  • The Berlin Daily Sun
  • The Berlin Reporter

Sites of interest


External links

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