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Bernard Hinault (born 14 November 1954 in Yffiniac, Brittany) is a Frenchmarker cyclist known for five victories in the Tour de France. He is one of only five cyclists to have won all three Grand Tours, and the only cyclist to have won each more than once. He won the Tour de France in 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982 and 1985. He came second in 1984 and 1986 and won 28 stages, of which 13 were individual time trials. The other four to have achieved at least five victories are Jacques Anquetil (1964), Eddy Merckx (1974), Miguel Indurain (1995) and Lance Armstrong (2003). Even among these elite riders, he is the only one to have finished either first or second in each Tour de France he finished.

Hinault was nicknamed Le Blaireau (the Badger) because the animal has the reputation of not letting go of his prey. Throughout his career, he's been known for his personality: independent, outspoken, quick to take offense and quick with a riposte. In an interview in the French magazine, Vélo, however, Hinault said the nickname had nothing to do with the animal. He said it was a local cyclists' way of saying "mate" or "buddy" in his youth - "How's it going, badger?" - and that it came to refer to him personally.

Biography

Cycling career

Hinault started professional cycling in 1974. Hinault became friends with Cyrille Guimard, who was ending his career in part due to a knee injury. Guimard became a directeur sportif for the Gitane team and Hinault joined. In 1976, Hinault scored an early victory in Paris-Camembert. He demonstrated his time trial strength as he sustained his thin lead to the finish. That year, Guimard spurred Lucien van Impe to his only win in the Tour de France. Taking Guimard's advice, Hinault did not enter in 1977. Yet he had demonstrated his talent in the Dauphiné Libéré where he beat many Tour favourites including eventual winner Bernard Thevenet. Of note in the Dauphiné Libéré that year was one of the mountain stages. Hinault, wearing the yellow jersey, was at the front after an attack on the ascent and heading for victory. But he crashed descending the mountain, climbed up from the roadside and got back on his bike for the win.

To prepare for the 1978 Tour de France, Hinault rode his first grand tour, the Vuelta a España. He won and felt ready for his first Tour de France. Before the Tour, he won the national championship, which allowed him to wear the tricolour . This tour became a battle with Joop Zoetemelk, Hinault taking the yellow jersey after the final time trial. He was hailed as the next great French cyclist and won the Tour again in 1979.

In the 1980 Tour de France he abandoned while wearing the yellow jersey because of a knee injury but he returned to win the world championship in Sallanches that year.

The following year, 1981, wearing the rainbow jersey, he won Paris-Roubaix and returned to victory in the 1981 Tour and then again in 1982. He missed the Tour in 1983, again because of knee problems. The organiser, Jacques Goddet, said in his autobiography, L'Équipée Belle, that Hinault's problems came from pushing gears that were too high. During Hinault's absence, his teammate Laurent Fignon rose to prominence by winning the Tour in 1983. In the 1984 Tour de France Fignon won with Hinault second at more than 10 minutes.

Disagreements with Guimard led to their separation, and by the mid-1980s Hinault had become associated with the Swiss coach Paul Koechli and the La Vie Claire team. Koechli introduced meditation and relaxation that helped Hinault return to the Tour with a victory in 1985. That year he rode much of the race with a black eye after a crash. In 1985 Hinault's lieutenant Greg LeMond was under pressure from Koechli and his team manager to support Hinault and not try for victory. Years later, LeMond claimed in an interview that they had lied about his lead over Hinault in a mountain stage, forcing him to lose several minutes and his chance of victory.

Hinault also rode the 1986 Tour, ostensibly to return LeMond's favor of the previous year and help him win. Hinault rode an aggressive race, which he insisted was to demoralize rivals. He claimed his tactics were to wear down opponents and that he knew LeMond would win. Laurent Fignon and Urs Zimmermann were put on the defensive from the first day. Fignon quit due to injuries aggravated by stress. In the Alpe d'Huezmarker stage Hinault mounted an early attack that gained a lot of time. LeMond then chased down Hinault and eventually took the yellow jersey from his teammate. LeMond was later stated as feeling betrayed by Hinault's tactics.

Hinault had more than 200 victories 12 years. He won the Giro d'Italia in 1980, 1982 and 1985, and the Vuelta a España in 1978 and 1983. He also won Classics including Paris-Roubaix (1981) and Liège-Bastogne-Liège (1977, 1980). His victory in the 1980 Liège-Bastogne-Liège is memorable because of snow from the start. Hinault made a solo attack and finished nearly 10 minutes ahead of his next rival.

Le Patron

Hinault was a boss of the peloton or "le Patron". He was prominent in a riders' strike at Valence d'Agen in the 1978 Tour to protest against split stages, in which the riders had to ride a stage in the morning and another in the afternoon. He also imposed discipline and often cooperation among riders, once decreeing that "there will be no attacks today because tomorrow's stage will be difficult". He was respected by riders but feared by many for his temperament. If he felt slighted by another rider he would use his strength to humiliate the offender. To the public, Hinault was often arrogant, remote and shy of publicity. When an interviewer suggested he devote more attention to fans, Hinault replied,

Retirement

After retiring in 1986, Hinault returned to farming in Brittany and worked for the Tour de France organization, appearing at stage finishes to greet stage winners and jersey holders. He also worked for Look as a technical consultant and helped develop the Look clipless pedal. He has now finished with farming and in 2008 returned to cycling, but not to racing.Hinault has lost none of his fire in recent years: upon seeing a protester jump onto the podium at the end of stage 3 of 2008's Tour de France, in front of the winner, Hinault leapt forward without hesitation and shoved the protester off.

Professional highlights

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Main victories

1977
Liège-Bastogne-Liège
Gent-Wevelgem
Grand Prix des Nations
Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré
1978
Tour de France
: 1st place overall classification
:Winner stages 8, 15 and 20
:3 days in yellow jersey
Vuelta a España
: 1st place overall classification
Grand Prix des Nations
1979
Tour de France
: 1st place overall classification
: 1st place points classification
:Winner stages 2, 3, 11, 15, 21, 23 and 24
:17 days in yellow jersey
Giro di Lombardia
La Flèche Wallonne
Grand Prix des Nations
Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré
1980
Tour de France
:Winner prologue, stages 4 and 5
:2 days in yellow jersey
Giro d'Italia
: 1st place overall classification
:Winner stage 14
:5 days in pink jersey
World Road Cycling Championship
Liège-Bastogne-Liège
Tour de Romandie
1981
Tour de France
: 1st place overall classification
:Winner stages 7, 16, 20 and 22
:18 days in yellow jersey
:Winner Combativity award
Paris-Roubaix
Amstel Gold Race
Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré
1982
Tour de France
: 1st place overall classification
:Winner prologue, stages 15, 20 and 22
:12 days in yellow jersey
Giro d'Italia
: 1st place overall classification
:Winner prologue, stages 3, 12, 18, 22
:15 days in pink jersey
Grand Prix des Nations
1983
Vuelta a España
: 1st place overall classification
La Flèche Wallonne
1984
Tour de France
:Second place overall classification
:Winner prologue
:1 day in yellow jersey
:Winner Combativity award
Giro di Lombardia
Grand Prix des Nations
Quatre Jours de Dunkerque
1985
Tour de France
: 1st place overall classification
:Winner prologue, stage 8
:16 days in yellow jersey
Giro d'Italia
: 1st place overall classification
:Winner stage 12
:10 days in pink jersey
1986
Tour de France
:Second place overall classification
: 1st place mountains classification
:Winner stages 9, 18 and 20
:5 days in yellow jersey
:Winner Combativity award


Hinault also won the season-long Super Prestige Pernod International competition four consecutive times up to 1982, equalling Jacques Anquetil's total.

Quotes

  • "I slept like a baby the night before, because I knew that I'd win the next day," on winning the World Championship at Salanches, Francemarker, in 1980.
  • "In the beginning of the year, I choose a few races that I want to win. Other than those races, I'm willing to work for others."
  • "Cyrille Guimard does not listen to you, but in the races he is a tactical genius," on his relationship with former manager / directeur sportif Cyrille Guimard.
  • "As long as I breathe, I attack."
  • "He has a head, two arms, two legs, just as I," in reference to whether he fears Eddy Merckx.


See also



References

  • Memories of the peloton by Bernard Hinault, Vitesse Press, ©1989., ISBN 0-941950-23-9
  • Hinault par Hinault by Bernard Hinault, Editions Jacob Duvernet, ©2005.



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