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Sir Alfred Charles Bernard Lovell, OBE, FRS (born 31 August 1913) is an Englishmarker physicist and radio astronomer. He was the first Director of Jodrell Bank Observatorymarker, from 1945 to 1980.

Career

Born in Oldland Commonmarker, Bristolmarker, he studied physics at the University of Bristolmarker, obtaining a Ph.D. in 1936. He worked in the cosmic ray research team at the University of Manchestermarker until the outbreak of World War II, during which he worked for the Telecommunications Research Establishmentmarker (TRE) developing radar systems to be installed in aircraft, among them H2S, for which he received an OBE in 1946.

He attempted to continue cosmic ray work with an ex-military radar unit and following interference from trams on Manchestermarker's Oxford Road moved to Jodrell Bank Observatorymarker, near Goostreymarker in Cheshiremarker, an outpost of the university's botany department. He was able to show that radar echoes could be obtained from daytime meteor showers. With university funding he constructed the then-largest steerable radio telescope in the world, which now bears his name - the Lovell Telescopemarker. Nearly 50 years later, it remains one of the foremost radio telescopes in the world.

He was knighted in 1961 for his important contributions to the development of radio astronomy, and has a secondary school named after him in Oldland Commonmarker, Bristolmarker, which Sir Bernard Lovell officially opened. A building on the QinetiQmarker site in Malvernmarker is also named after him.

Lovell is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

The first name of the fictional scientist Bernard Quatermass, the hero of several BBC Television science-fiction serials of the 1950s, was chosen in honour of Lovell.

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