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Berowra is a suburb of northern Sydneymarker, in the state of New South Walesmarker, Australia. Berowra is located 38 kilometres north of the Sydney central business districtmarker, in the local government area of Hornsby Shiremarker and is part of the North Shore region. Berowra is south-east of the suburbs of Berowra Heightsmarker and east of Berowra Watersmarker.

Location

Berowra is bounded to the east by the F3 Sydney-Newcastle Freeway, Pacific Highway and main northern rail line. Berowra Valley Bushland Park sits to the west and to the north is the Muogamarra Nature Reservemarker. Cowan Creek is located to the east. Berowra is 227 meters above sea level.

Commercial area

Berowra is largely residential with a small retail precinct lining the Pacific Highway near the train station. In May 2007 a new shopping complex opened on Turner Road in Berowra Heights. Leading up to the opening, the Berowra & District Community raised over $750,000 in BSX listed shares to buy a franchise of the Bendigo Bank. The Community Bank became one of the first to open its doors in the new complex. This was a landmark development for the future prospects of the area as the last Bank in the area closed its doors in 1996.


Transport

By road, Berowra has access to the F3 Sydney-Newcastle Freeway heading north or south and is approximately 15 minutes drive from the major regional shopping centre of Hornsby, New South Walesmarker. The Berowra railway stationmarker is serviced by trains from both the North Shore Line and the Newcastle and Central Coast railway lines providing regular services to Sydney and the Central Coastmarker / Newcastlemarker areas.

History

Berowra is an Aboriginal word that means place of many winds. The Berowra area has many Aboriginal carvings and is the place that found the world’s oldest living amphibian fossil.

European settlement

One of the early land grants in the Berowra area was to John Crumpton in 1867. George Collingridge was granted in 1880 and played a part in having the Northern railway line extended, so that a station was opened at Berowra in 1887. He also supported the building of a post office in 1900 and a road to Berowra Waters which opened in 1902. Mary Wall was granted of land near Goodwyn Road off the Pacific Highway in 1887. Part of her grant meant she had to be there once a week and so she would walk at night through the bush from Surry Hillsmarker and tend to her farm.

The area grew when the Pacific Highway and railway were built and settlers loved the fishing and surrounding bush. Mainly living in tents, the original settlers lived a tough existence and helped everyone. The first school was set up in Mary Wall's house before it was moved to what is now the Old District Hall at the roundabout, on the corner of Berowra Waters Road and Crowley Road.

Image:Berowra0001.jpg|Remains of a bush hut, Berowra areaImage:Berowra0002.jpg|Berowra CreekImage:Berowra0003.jpg|Aboriginal rock carving, Berowra areaImage:Berowra0004.jpg|Junction of Berowra and Calna Creeks

Schools

Berowra has two public primary schools (Berowra Public and Wideview Public), plus St Bernards (a Catholic primary school), and Berowra Christian Community School (years K-6)

Churches

  • St Mark's Anglican Church
  • Berowra Baptist Church
  • St Bernard's Catholic Church
  • Berowra Uniting Church


Population

Demographics

At the 2006 census, the population of Berowra (postcode 2081) was 4,281, split evenly: 50.1% (2,143) males and 49.9% (2,138) females.

Of the 1,496 dwellings in Berowra, 85% are freestanding houses with the remainder consisting of townhouses or units, according to the 2001 census . At the time of the 2001 census, 99 people stated they lived in caravans. It is likely these would have been residents of the now-closed La Mancha Caravan Park located on the Pacific Highway and slated for redevelopment as medium density housing. The median weekly household income is $1,200 - $1,499 and the mean household size consists of 3.1 individuals.

Notable residents



External links



References

  1. The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 27


  1. Note that because the suburbs of Cowanmarker and Berowra share the same postcode, the data provided by the 2001 Census more accurately reflects details for both Berowra and Cowanmarker, rather than just for Berowra alone.


External links




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