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Le Voyage du Baron de Saint Blancard en Turquie, by Jean de la Vega, after 1538.
Bertrand d'Ornesan, also Bertrand d'Ornezan, Baron de Saint-Blancard, was a French admiral in the service of King Francis I of France. He was general of the galleys of the Mediterraneanmarker (Amiral de la Flotte du Levant).

Bertrand d'Ornesan tried to establish a French trading post at Pernambuco, Brazilmarker in 1531.

In 1533 Bertrand d'Ornesan joined the Ottoman embassy to France going to meet Francis I.

In 1537, Ornesan began a two-year involvement in operations with the Ottoman Empire under terms of the Franco-Ottoman alliance between Francis I and Suleiman the Magnificient. He led a fleet of galleys to Corfumarker to join the fleet of Barbarossa at the siege of Corfu, but finally failed to convince the Ottomans to participate in a proposed major expedition against Italymarker. Saint-Blancard had left Marseillemarker on 15 August with 12 galleys and arrived at Corfu in early September 1537. Eventually Suleiman, worried by a plague among his troops, decided to return with his fleet to Istambul by mid-September without having captured Corfu.

The fleet of Saint-Blancard wintered in Chiosmarker until 17 February 1538. It was decided that three ships would go to Constantinople, while the rest of the fleet returned to France. In Constantinople, they were received by the French ambassador Charles de Marillac. Hayreddin Barbarossa provided for the expenses, and the French galleys finally left on 11 April 1538 to return to Nicemarker through Monastir.

Jean de la Vega, a member of his staff, wrote the account of his travels.


  1. R. J. Knecht, Renaissance Warrior and Patron: The Reign of Francis I p.375 [1]
  2. Garnier, pp.73-74
  3. Kenneth M. Setton, The Papacy and the Levant (1204-1571) p.431
  4. Garnier, p.134
  5. Garnier, p.138
  6. Garnier, p.149
  7. Garnier, p.150
  8. Garnier, p.151-153
  9. Musée d'Ecouen exhibit


  • Garnier, Edith L'Alliance Impie Editions du Felin, 2008, Paris ISBN 9782866456788 Interview

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