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Berwick-upon-Tweed (borough): Map

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Berwick-upon-Tweed was a local government district and borough in Northumberlandmarker in the north-east of Englandmarker, on the border with Scotlandmarker. The district had a resident population of 25,949 according to the 2001 census, which also notes that it is the most ethnically homogeneous in the country, with 99.6% of the population recording themselves in the 2001 census as White. It is also the smallest district in England with borough status, and the third-least densely populated local government district (after Edenmarker and Tynedalemarker).

Its main town is Berwick-upon-Tweedmarker, sited immediately to the north of the Tweed estuary. The town is ancient, the scene of a number of battles; it has perhaps the best remaining example of a (almost completely intact) town wall, built for defensive purposes.

On the south of the estuary, the port of Tweedmouth is the point of export of diverse goods, but especially grain and roadstone. The remainder of the borough is rural, bordered to the west by the Cheviot Hillsmarker, and to the east by a stunningly beautiful coastline.

The borough was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the previous borough of Berwick-upon-Tweedmarker with Belford Rural District, Glendale Rural District and Norham and Islandshires Rural Districtmarker.

Berwick was the first district in the UK to have a referendum on whether to have a directly-elected mayor. This election took place on 7 June 2001, and was a decisive victory for the status quo.

The district was abolished as part of the 2009 structural changes to local government in England effective from April 1, 2009 with responsibilities being transferred to Northumberland County Councilmarker, a unitary authority.

Settlements and parishes

The borough contains the settlements and civil parishes of: (towns highlighted in bold)



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