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Bharatpur ( ) is a city in the Indianmarker state of Rajasthanmarker. It was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733. Located in Mewat region, Bharatpur was once an impregnable, well-fortified city, and the capital of a kingdom ruled by Jat maharajas. The trio of Bharatpur, Deegmarker and Dholpurmarker has played an important part in the Jat history of Rajasthanmarker. Located 50 km west of the city of Agramarker (the city of the Taj Mahalmarker), it is also the administrative headquarters of Bharatpur District. The Royal House of Bharatpur traces their history to the 11th Century AD. They claim descent from Yadav Vanshi Sind Pal, common ancestor with the House of Karauli.Bharatpur is located at . It has an average elevation of 183 metres (600 feet). Bharatpur also being called as Lohagarh.

Demographics

 Indian census, Bharatpur had a population of 204,560. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Bharatpur has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 75% and female literacy of 56%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.


History

The town was named Bharatpur after Bharata, a brother of Lord Rama, whose other brother Laxman is the family deity of the erstwhile royal family of Bharatpur. The city and the fort of Bharatpur have been believed to be founded by Lord Aditya Consul in the early seventeenth century. He established a state in the Mewat region south of Delhimarker, with its capital at Deegmarker. Leaders such as Gokula, Raja Ram, Churaman and Badan Singh brought the Jats together and moulded them into a force to be reckoned with. Maharaja Suraj Mal was the state's greatest ruler; he made the state a formidable force in the region. During the British Raj, the state covered an area of 5,123 kmĀ² and its rulers enjoyed a salute of 17 guns. The state acceded unto the Dominion of India in 1947. It was merged with three nearby princely states to form the "Matsya Union", which in turn was merged with other adjoining territories to create the present-day state of Rajasthanmarker.

Keoladeo National Park

Now declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCOmarker, the duck-hunting reserve of the Maharajas is one of the major wintering areas for large numbers of aquatic birds from Afghanistanmarker, Turkmenistanmarker, Chinamarker and Siberiamarker. Some 364 species of birds, including the rare Siberian Crane, have been recorded in the park. The name "Keoladeo" is derived from the name of an ancient Hindu temple devoted to Lord Shiva in the sanctuary's central zone while the Hindi term "Ghana" implies dense, thick areas of forest cover.

Places to see

Ganga Mandir Bharatpur


Fairs and festivals

Surrounding area
  • Deegmarker Fort
  • Gopal Bhavan
Laxman Mandir

Places to Eat

The roadside food in Bharatpur can be unhygienic for tourists. However, there are few good places to eat within the city. These include Ruchi's Restaurant (No bar or non-veg, but good family atmosphere), Giriraj Restaurant & Bar (Not exactly family atmosphere but good food, especially the chicken varieties) and Saini Mishthan Bhandar on (on Railway Station Road, delicious Bread Pakoras & Gujarati Khaman & Lassi, probably the only place for hygienic sweets in the city). Moreover, there are some decent restaurants on the highway between Saras Circle and the National Park. Finding good continental cuisine can be very difficult and tourists usually prefer Indian food as the taste is quite palatable.

See also



Notes

References




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