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Bhera is a town on the Jhelummarker river in Sargodha Districtmarker, Punjabmarker province of Pakistanmarker. It lies at latitude 32.48 N, longitude 72.92.

Location

It is located on the mid of Lahoremarker-Islamabadmarker motorway (M2) at the left bank of river Jhelum near Southern Salt Range in Sargodha District. Before independence 1947, it was located in Shahpur District. Bhera is surrounded by green fields and its importance increased due to Motorway passes near Bhera.

Areas

The most important Mohallas or localities of old Bhera are the Pirachagan Mohalla, the Sethian wala Mohalla, the Sahnian wala Mohalla.(Mohallah Shah Naseebi Daryi Bhera)

History

"Bhera" is a Sanskrit word which means: "a place where there is no fear".



According to the "Ancient Geography of India" by Alexander Cunningham Bhera was once known as Jobnathnagar

 . The nazim of Bhera, currently is Sheikh Shoukat Ali, who is crowned second time.


And Fa Heins visit on page 131

The Imperial Gazetteer of India records the History of Bhera -



The palace of Sopeithes which the Greek historian Arrian mentions as the place on the Hydaspes is supposed to be at Bhera . The Greeks refer to the Jhelum river as the Hydaspes River where Alexander fought Porus in Battle of the Hydaspes River in 326BC. It was at this battle that Alexander's famous horse Bucephalus was killed .

The Kukhran Khatris are a group of eleven specific clans of Punjabi Khatris who originally hailed from the town of Bhera in Punjab. Till the time of the partition of India in 1947 Bhera had a mixed population consisting of Hindu, Sikh and Muslim communities.

The demographic composition of Bhera was significantly altered however at the time of partition as almost the entire Hindu and Sikh Bhirochis migrated to India , some chose to stay back and converted to Islam .

The refugees who came to India settled in Delhimarker , Punjab and other cities of Northern India . N.Delhi continues to have a colony called Bhera town where a section of these refugees were resettled .

Bhera was also home to the Mohyal tribe who also claim Porus .

It is also home to the Punjabi Muslim communities of Piracha and Elahis and the Hayats.

Bhera is a historical city. Mahmud of Ghaznimarker In his attack on Waihind (Peshawarmarker) in 1001-3, is reported to have captured the Hindu Shahiya King Jayapala and fifteen of his principal chiefs and relations some of whom like Sukhpal, were made Musalmans. At Bhera a great many inhabitants, except those who embraced Islam, were put to the sword.

It is located on the Lahore-Islamabad motorway, and connects with Bhera interchange. Sub-tehsil Bhera is the historical city of District Sargodha near Khushabmarker. Its population is 100,000 is mainly dominated by Punjabi. Old Bhera is like old Lahoremarker or old Peshawarmarker. Its markets and streets are narrow. There is a circular road around the city. Old Bhera was situated on the right bank of the River Jehlum, on the opposite side new Bhera is located. There are heaps of ruins of old Bhera and remains of its markets and streets can still be seen on the other bank of the River Jehlum.

Old Bhera was destroyed in 1545 because of the disputes among the Pathan forces, and was rebuilt at the present location, that is the left bank of the River Jhelum. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the new city. When he visited the old city, he was distressed upon seeing the destroyed areas. He camped at the left bank of river Jehlum, near Qaimnath's hut, and constructed the first building there. He also constructed the Shahi Jamia Mosque in the new city, which rivals the Shahi Jamia Mosques of Delhimarker, Agramarker and Lahoremarker in beauty. Sher Shah Suri made a road, along which he built an "Eidgah" and water tanks for the passengers.

1300 years ago, many Muslim saints passed by Bhera which became famous in the whole of Asia.Businessmen and scholars arrived first and then many Afghan and Central Asian conquerors such as Mahmud Ghaznimarker, Shahab ud Din Ghori, Mughal Babur and Ahmed Shah Abdali attacked or passed through the city in their campaigns.

Along with other things, peacocks were also presented to Hazrat Suleman. The people of this area were well educated. The people of other cities and countries had been learning Tib, etc. from here. Alexander the great after conquering Iran and passing through the Hindu Kush, reached the Punjab and came to the River Biyas and then turned back from there. Bhera earned a great status during the Mughal rule. Mughal emperor Zaheer-ud-din Babur mentioned this town in his famous book, Tuzk-e-Babri. The town had to face destruction when Sher Shah Suri (1540-1545) defeated Humayun and the Pathan forces took their revenge on the then pro-Mughal town of Bhera.

In the recent past centuries, Bhera was an important trading outpost on the road to Kabulmarker, and boasted of a taksal (mint) during the rule of Ranjit Singh. It declined in importance due to the gradual shifting of the course of the Jhelum river, due to which the town lost the advantage of being located on a river bank

Captain Devas came to Bhera and with the help of the local architect Dhanchand Kohli rebuilt eight Gates of the city facing different directions. These were named Multani Gate, Lahori Gate, Kashmiri Gate, Kabuli Gate, Peeranwala Gate, Chinioti Gate, Loharanwala Gate and Hajji Gulab Gate. Only four gates have survived to date, Peeranwala Gate, Hajji Gulab Gate, Loharanwala Gate and Kabuli Gate which too are in a state of disrepair now. During the reign of Mughal emperor Akbar, BHERA regained its former glory and was one of the 40 cities of Mughal India having a royal mint for minting gold and silver coins.

Ghaznavi, Ghauri and Ahmad Shah Abdali also passed through Bhera while attacking the subcontinent. After the Sikh Raj (1790 to 1849), the British occupied Bhera till independence in 1947. The town of BHERA used to have a boundary wall and eight gates. Unfortunately, there is no official or public awareness about this great city of the past.

Bhera was a large business centre of South Asia. Bhera was also called Wheat center and market of Mehndi. Camels were used as a means of transportation before the train and bus. There were many inns where businessmen and travellers stayed. Bhera was a great centre of industries. Knives and swords were made craftfully. Wood work from here was famous all over the Indian sub continent. One of the carved door from Bhera city exists even today in the Museum of Lahore. In the city there are many beautiful buildings in Mohala Khawajgan, Ansari and Sheesh Mehol. Aurangzeb Alamgeer constructed a mosque near Chinioti Gate Markzi Mosque Mohala Sheikhanwal's Mosque and Chinese tomb near Kabuli gate. At first, Bhera was situated on a circular road, but as the population n 1004 CE
  • Changiz Khan
  • Babar holds it to ransom in 1519
  • Ahmad Shah Durani attacks in 1757


New City Bhera is now in progress to settle at the junction of Bhera-Bhalwal Rd and Bhera Jhawarian Rd.

Attacks on Bhera through history

Bhera has also been attacked by a series of invaders including

  • Mahmud of Ghazni – sacked the city in 1004 CE
  • Changiz Khan
  • Babar holds it to ransom in 1519
  • Ahmad Shah Durani attacks in 1757


Bhera in Ferishta's Chronicle

Farishta recordsthat after attacking Ajoodhunmarker now Pakpattanmarker Dera seems here to be a derivative of Bhera as it is close to Pakpattanmarker and the lake close by Kallar Kahar lake and the people Khukhrain.

Khawaja Shaikh of Bhera in the census of 1883

The first census of the Punjab was conducted by Denzil Ibbetson and Edward MacLagan in 1883 and 1892. According to their reports, the Khawajas of Bhera in Shahpur, Sargodha District were converted from Khatris.The sections of Khawajas from Bhera were reported as follows:Vohra, Sahgal, Kapur, Sethi, Duggal, Rawar (or Ror), Gorwala, Magun, Mehndru, Motali. These are all Khatri sections.

While those from Jhangmarker were said to be converted from Arora.

At Chiniot in Jhang District, the Khawajas are mainly Khatris, though some are Arora. They reported the following sections (gotras) of Khatris from Chiniot:

Adal, Behrara, Churra, Maggun (or Maghoon), Sahgal, Wadhaun (or Vadhavan), Wihara, Talwar, Puri, Topra.

The following Arora sections were reported from Chiniotmarker:

Goruwala

The Khawajas of Layyahmarker,Jhelummarker, Miani, Sargodhamarker, Chakwalmarker, Punjab have following Khatri sections:

Kapur, Puri, TandanKhatris after accepting Islam adopted Khawaja Shaikh (Arabic: خواجہ شيخ ) as title and it is generally assumed to belong to Muslim trading families. Although large number of them were employed in government services.

When Khatri from the western districts of the Punjab; Sargodhamarker, Jhang, Jehlum, Pind Dadan Khanmarker,Chakwalmarker, Faisalabadmarker; accepted Islam called themselves Khawaja and adopted Shaikh as title. They are also called Khawaja Shaikh. Some of them adopted Mian as title. In recent years traders from a small town of Chiniotmarker of district Jhang became prominent due to their contribution in the industries of Pakistan. These traders are known as Chiniotis or Chinioti Shaikhs.

Famous trading family Sahgals, Sahgal Khatris of Chakwal,Pind Dadan Khan are known as Punjabi Shaikh instead of Khawaja Shaikh. They use Mian as title.

Conversion to IslamThe Khawaja originally from the western districts of the Punjab. They converted from Hinduism to Islam and belong to the Khatri and Arora classes. Khawaja is a term derived from the (Arabic and (Persian meaning "a wealthy, respectable person".

Although conversions to Islam in the Punjab started in the 11th century, it is uncertain when the Khatri and Arora traders embraced Islam. The earliest reference to Khawajas in the Punjab literature is in the Heer Ranjha of Waris Shah (1735-1790):

The beauty of her [Heer's] red lips slays rich Khawajas and Khatris in bazaar, like Qizilbash [Afghan soldiers] troopers riding out of the royal camp into bazaar with a sword.These verses of Heer Ranjha, written by Waris Shah in 1766, describe the conditions of the post-Mughal Punjab. Khatris and Khawajas occupied an important place in the economy of the Punjabi towns. This was probably the earliest reference to the emerging role of Hindu and Muslim Khatris as rich traders, instead of performing their Vedic functions as fighters and governors. Some of the Khatris and Aroras converted as late as 1947 [1]

Last Raja of Bhera

The last chief or Raja of Bhera was Diwan Bahadur Jawahir Mal . a Khukhrain . The Diwan Family originally came from Peshawar,and tradition ascribes the abolition the jazia in Peshawar to his influence .

British Era

E. Pop. (1901) 18,680. It is the terminus of a branch of the North-Western Railway. It is an important centre of trade, with manufactures of cotton goods, metal-work, carving. Bhera was founded about 1540 on its present site, but it took the place of a city on the opposite bank of the river, of far greater antiquity, which was destroyed at this period.

Personalities

Justice Shaykh Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari

Huzoor Zia-ul-Ummat, Justice Shaykh Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari was born on 1 July 1918, (Monday 21st Ramadan al-Mubarak, 1336 Hijri), in Bhera Sharif, Pakistan. The Honourable Shaykh obtained initial education through his beloved father, Shaykh Muhammad Shah. After his education at school, the Honourable Shaykh enrolled at the Madrassah Naeemia, Muradabadmarker, Indiamarker till 1942. Huzoor Zia-ul-Ummat then went on to enrol at one of Pakistan’s famous universities, Punjab University, where he obtained his Master Degree in 1945. The Honourable Shaykh then went on to travel to Cairo, Egyptmarker, the world's famous Al-Azhar Universitymarker, during the periods of 1951-1954 in, which he obtained the highest degree in Islamic Jurisprudence. When Huzoor Zia-ul-Ummat returned to Pakistan, he became the Spiritual Disciple of Shaykh-ul-Islam wa’l-Muslimeen, Khwaja Muhammad Qamar-al-Din Sialvi, (1906-1981). Huzoor Zia-ul-Ummat, Shaykh Muhammad Karam Shah Al-Azhari was a Saint in the Chishti Nizami Sufi Order.

After completion of his studies, Huzoor Zia-ul-Ummat, Justice Shaykh Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari, founded the world's famous, Dar-ul-‘Uloom Al-Muhammadiya Al-Ghawthiyya, (DMG University Bhera, Pakistan). This was one of the first educational institutes of its kind to use syllabus of both Islamic Knowledge and B.A. in English, for both boys and girls.

Huzoor Zia-ul-Ummat has translated the Quran in the Urdu Language, by the name of Jamal-ul-Quran and provided the detailed exegesis of the Quran in five volumes, by the name Zia-ul-Quran. The Honourable Shaykh also wrote the detailed masterpiece, Seerah of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, in seven volumes, by the name Zia-un-Nabi. One of the first books of the Honourable Shaykh was the Sunnah Khair-ul-Anaam. Huzoor Zia-ul-Ummat, also was the founder of the world famous Islamic Magazine Zia-e-Harem, which has subscribers all over the world.

Huzoor Zia-ul-Ummat, Justice Shaykh Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari, served in the Federal Shariah Court as the Chief Justice. The Honourable Shaykh, also held the position of a Judge on the bench of the, Supreme Court of Pakistan, on the request of the Government of Pakistan till the day of his passing away. Along with many, many achievements and awards, Justice Shaykh Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari, on 6 March 1993, was presented with the Naut-ul-Imtiaz by the President of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak.

Huzoor Zia-ul-Ummat died on the day of Eid-ul-Adha in the year of 1998, (Inna lillahi was inna ilayhi rajioon). On Wednesday 7 April 2004, on the death anniversary of Huzoor Zia-ul-Ummat, Pakistan Post Office issued a commemorative postage stamp of two rupees. The Honourable Shaykh was known as, The Luminary Light of the Islamic Nation.

Qibla Pir Mohammad ibrahim Shah Sahab

PIR Mohammad Ibrahim Shah is one of the most famous and beloved personality of bhera sharif.pir ibrahim shah son of hazrat pir Mohammad karam shah is well known for his kindheartedness and pious character.has close ties with sharif family and was the candidate for pml N in 2001-02 GENERAL elections.he visited mian nawaz sharif several times in london(in the period of forced exile 2000-2008)to discuss the ongoing political happenings.also accompnied nawaz sharif on his return to Pakistan.in 2002 he was offered a guaranteed seat (MNA) if he betrayed nawaz sharif , but he rejected to do so.was also threatened and harassed by the agencies but he refused to changed his party. .He is also a very successful businessman running a successful publishing house "Sagar Publications" and a book and stationary chain name "Z-Books and Stationers".

Other than the Pirachas and Pir Karam Shah, already mentioned previously, some worth mentioning are as follows.[Khan Bahadur Khawaja Abdul Majeed Duggal, son of a trader from Bhera who had branches of his business house (Kotthi's)as far as Samarkand, Bukhara and in the present Chinese province of Sinkiang, graduated from FC college Lahore in the late 19th century, joined Indian Civil Services and rose to the position of Deputy Commissioner and served in various positions in the British Punjab districts of Karnal, Jhang, Hisar etc. He retired and died in 1942, 43.

Dr Sheikh Fazl ud Din was one such figure. He was the first Muslim surgeon of the area. He was born in 1858 and was the personal physician of Rajas, nawabs and sardars of Punjab, Balochistan, NWFP and Kashmir. Dr M O Dwyer - Civil Surgeon of Gujrat in his Annual Report of 1887 writes " Assistant Surgeon Sheikh Fazl ud Din, for doing a great many surgical operations especially 204 cataract, 69 lithomities and 101 litholopaxies, which last has greatly increased the popularity of Gujrat Dispensary. I trust his work and zeal will be highly appreciated and rewarded with the merits it deserves." Amongst his descendants were Fazle Hamid and Fazle Akbar, two brothers who ceated a record in the Bhera school by getting highest marks in matriculation examination ever in successive years. They both joined the Pakistan Army and rose to the rank of Colonel. Their younger brother Fazle Majid has the distinction of being the first person to get a Doctorate degree, which he got from University of Brisbane, Australia in Genetics. All the sons of Fazle Hamid joined the Pakistan Army. One of them, Shahid Hamid rose to the rank of Lieutenant General, the only one to have reached the General's rank from the area. Other eminent persons to join Government service are Riffat Pasha who rose to the coveted position of Inspector General Police, and Khalid Saeed who joined the District Management Group of Civil Superior Services of Pakistan and became a Federal Secretary.

Hakeem Noor-ud-Din

Molvi Hakeem Noor-ud-Din, born in Bhera in 1841. He was youngest of seven brothers and two sisters. He was 34th in direct lineal descent from Umar Ibn al-Khattab, the Second Caliph of Islam. His family had a tradition of memorzing Quran (Hifz). His mother, Noor Bakht belonged to Awan clan who are said to have descended from Ali bin Abu Talib, fourth Caliph of Islam.[1]He was Royal Physician to Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir for many years. His extensive travels included a long stay in cities of Makkah and Medina in pursuit of religious knowledge. During this period at Makkah and Medina, he was a student of Shah Abdul Ghani (Grand son of Shah Waliullah - Muhaddis Dehlavi). Moreover, during his stay in Makkah and Medina, he swear the pledge of allegiance to Shah Abudul Ghani - . His knowledge of Quran and Hadith is said to be unmatched by any other Islamic scholar of his time. His lectures on Quranic exegesis and Hadith were one of main attractions for visitors to Kashmir and Qadian. He also wrote rebuttals to Christian and Arya Samaj allegations on Islam. He was the first successor of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad - MARDAD of the 14th Century-Hijri.

Malik Amjad Ali Noon

Chairman Prime Minister Inspection Commission of Pakistan.Malik Amjad Ali Noon, son of Malik Anwer Ali Noon, was born in June 1954 in Lahoremarker, Pakistanmarker. He got his early education from the prestigious Aitchison College and his Bachelors from the [Forman Christian College]] Lahore. He has studied the Law and has attended in his capacity as a member of the District Government, the National Institute of Public Administration (NIPA), Lahore, and the National Defense College, Islamabadmarker. Malik Amjad Ali Noon enjoys popularity in the area because of years of active, progressive political involvement that has largely benefited the poor. The District Sargodha with a population of three million residents came under his jurisdiction, where he served after a record highest mandate in the 2001 elections, as the Zila Nazim (District Governor). Under his tenure the education, health and general administration greatly benefited from policies of transparency, meritocracy and fair play. He also served as Chairman of State Cement Corporation of Pakistan Limited from 1994 to 1998. He has also served as Chief Executive, Cement Research & Development Institute, Lahore; Director, Board of Expert Advisory Cell; Director Board National Fertilizer Corporation; Chairman of the Finance Committee of Pak-Arab Fertilizer, as well as Member, Board of Governors, Aitchison College and Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS). At the age of 34, Malik Amjad Ali Noon was the youngest High Commissioner of Pakistan to Kenyamarker. He was also Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary of Pakistan to Rwandamarker, Ethiopiamarker and Uganda under the [PPP] government of Benazir Bhutto (1989-90). He was also the permanent representative at the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and HABITAT (World Shelter Programme). Mr Noon also as the distinction of serving as the youngest member of the Majlis-e-Shoora (the Federal Council, Government of Pakistan) under the government of General Zia-ul-Haq. Malik Amjad Ali Noon and his father Malik Anwer Ali Noon mostly live in their hometown village Ali Pur Noon. The Noon family has 27 villages in Tehsil [Bhalwal]: Nurpur Noon, Sultan Pur Noon and Sardar Pur Noon, among others. Malik Feroz Khan Noon ex-Prime Minister of Pakistan was also a prominent member of the [Noon family].

Farooq Bahawal Haq Shah

Mr. Farooq Bahawal Haq Shah is a renowned philanthropist and a dynamic humanitarian activist. He is an equivocal pacifist in the midst of the reverberations of “Clash of Civilizations”. Founder of two Global charities, Mr. Farooq Bahawal Haq Shah is resolute and extremely devoted for the progress, prosperity and enlightenment of all human kind.

Peer Farooq Baha-ul-Haq Shah is the youngest son of Justice Shaykh Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari. He received his basic education from Bhera and then did F.A. from F.C. College Lahore. After his bachelor from Pakistan he moved to UK for higher studies. He came back with the degree of Barrister from UK. He decided to take part in active politics from PML(N) platform under the leadership of Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif. Farooq Baha-ul-Haq contested for NA-64 in 2008 elections. He got a lot of support and love from the people of Bhera and Bhalwal. He is also director of Muslim Global Relief, MGR UK. He has started wonderful things in the area of Education and Health. He has dreams for educating the people of Bhera and Bhalwal.His work in health sector is also seen in high regards by the people of Bhera. The MGR hospital in Bhera is giving free treatment to all the people of bhera irrespective of their economic or political background.

Malik Anwer Ali Noon

Malik Anwer Ali Noon of Ali Pur Noon son of Malik Sultan Ali Khan Noon is a popular prominent politician of Sargodha in the Noon family. He was a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in the government of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto . His own village is Ali Pur Noon, situated in Bhera circle in Bhalwal district, Sargodha. Now his son, Malik Amjad Ali Noon, is a very famous and popular political leader in district Sargodha and Bhalwal province Punjab. Ali Pur Noon is a historical village near Bhera in Sargodha. It was settled in the nineteenth century by the Noon family, one chief Malik Anwer Ali Noon son of Malik Sultan Ali Khan Noon of the village Sultan Pur Noon who moved here from Sardar Pur Noon along with their staff and people to cutivate the lands. Ali Pur Noon, which is one of the twenty villages belonging to the Noon family was resided by the family chief. Ali Pur Noon is inhabited by over 24,000 people. It is a self sustained community, having schools, medical clinics, ironmongers, carpenters, traditional craftsmen in leather arts, clay arts, etc. The village is surrounded by citrus, kinoo, Malta, grapefruits, mango, lychee, Guava and date orchards. The date and Mango orchards are over a hundred years old. It also has a very successful stud farm which is owned by Malik Anwer Ali Noon, who was elected a member of the Pakistan National Assembly during the Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto regime, and his son Malik Amjad Ali Noon served in several successive governments on different posts. Malik Anwer Ali Noon and his sons Malik Munawer Ali Noon, Malik Asad Ali Noon and Malik Amjad Ali Noon are very popular in the area among the poor.

Malik Anwer Ali Noon, has 9 grandsons, From his three daughters his grandsons are, Syed Jamal Hussain, Syed Hasnain Raza Shah Gilani, Malik Azhar Awan and from his three sons his grandsons are Malik Azmat Ali Noon, Malik Hasan Noon, Malik Azam Ali Noon, Malik Amin ALi Noon, Malik Asim Ali Noon and Malik Muhammed Ali Noon.

Jamal Hussain is the lead singer in a band in Russell Square,Londonmarker. He is a lawyer by profession while Azam and Hasnain Raza are students at the Lahore University of Management Sciences. Hasnain or Raza as he is better known is an anthropology student and is writing his senior dissertation on the South Asian Diaspora in the UK. He has been a Teaching Assistant at LUMS for the past two years and has participated in a number of research projects in the Sargodha district. Hasnain Raza Shah has also been writing regularly for The Friday Times and is a partner in Ampak Enterprises, part of the House of Gilani. Azhar has recently returned after graduating from the University of San Francisco. Amin and Asim are students at The Aitchison College Lahore.

Dr. Mohammad Khalid Bakhsh

Dr Mohammad Khalid Bakhsh (D.V.M.) of Hajka Sherif is another respectable and famous personality of Bhera. He graduated from University of Agriculture, Faisalabad; and currently resides in Riyadhmarker, Saudi Arabiamarker.

Khalid Awan

Khalid Quyyum Awan,Khalid awan,A husband of famous Pakistani filmstar and dancer Mumtaz name Riffit Khalid, known as Khalid awan Canadian to great Awan family in Khushabmarker .His father, Malik Abdul Quyyum was a famous great ppp leader in Khushab and Bhera. Malik Abdul Quyyum Awan was a very deep friend of ex-Prime minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto,because of personal deep friendship with Bhutto he visited several times Larkanamarker ,Karachimarker,Lahoremarker,Islamabadmarker and also he has very deep ties with Piracha, Noon,Tiwana, Aahir, Shah, Syed Qureshi, Kahloon families. After the death of Malik Abdul Quyyum Awan, his son Khalid Awan was an active political student [ppp] leader of Khushab , Bhalwal, Bhera and Lahore. After completing his education, He shifted Karachi where he got education in Law. After completing his law, he became very famous lawyer, attorney in Karachi as well as in Lahore, Sargodha,Bhalwal and Khushab.

Libraries

Bugvia Library Bhera

Bugvia Library is located in the grand Sher Shah Suri Mosque. It was established by the scholars of Bugvia family. There is a huge collection of books on different subjects of Islam. Mostly are in Arabic, Persian, Urdu. A large number of hand written manuscripts are also available. This library remained a useful source of reference for students, scholars and researchers for last about 200 years.

Location

Bhera is located on the left bank of river Jehlum. River is located about one kilometer from the town. Bank of river Jehlum is also nice place for picnic and enjoyments. During Mughal period, carvans from Central Asia, Kabulmarker, Qandaharmarker and Peshawarmarker used to cross the river to go to Lahoremarker, Delhimarker and other parts of India. Carvans from Kashmir used to reach Bhera along with the river.

Historical places in the vicinity

Tilla Jogianmarker TaxilamarkerSalt Rangemarker Dar-Ul-Fokarah Astana Sufi Qadri Qalandr Hajka Sharif is 1km from Bhera city and 1km from Bhera Moterway interchange.Many pilgrims visit every Thursday night.Especially at the occasion of urs.

Sites of Interest

Ancient Hindu Temples

Although the Bhera lost its Hindu population in the great exodus of 1947 several Hindu temples are still standing in Bhera . A temple near the Train Station , one temple near the Lahori Gate, and the third one near the Jhelum river .

Two good Bhirochis

At the time of independence two Muslim Bhirochis played a significant and commendable role in saving the lives of the Hindus of Bhera. The names of these two people are Sheikh Fasal Ilahi Piracha and Alam Khan.

Apart from separate mohallas there were also some mixed mohallas of Hindus and Sikhs. Alam Khan lived in the chachi mohallah .

Old Mosques Of Khilji and Tughlaq Periods

There are a few other historical mosques belonging to the Tughlaq, Khiljian and other eras. These Old mosques of emperor Khilji an Afghan Dynasty and Tughlaq a clan of Turkish origin can be visited during the visit of the walled town. Due to unskilled local masons and lack of awareness, these mosques have lost their original shape. Shrine Of Muslim Saint "Hazrat Miran Shah Sahib"

Hazrat Meeran sahib was a great saint of the area who worked for the transmission of Islam in the area. His shrine is located in the western part of the town near river Jehlum. Peoples from different parts of the area visit his shrine in the month of March to give him hamage.

Another old mosque located in the centre of the town is known as the " Tallian Wali Masjid ". It is reputed to have been built by a Hindu converted to Islam, by the name of Sita Talla.

There are eight gates to enter in the city.

Old Sikh Temple

A beautiful uncompleted Sikh temple is also located in the central part of the town. which is now Markazi Immam Bargha of bhera Its minaret is visible from long distances.

References

  1. Ancient Geography of India, Page 130 - Alexander Cunningham
  2. Imperial Gazetteer of India v2 page 213
  3. Farishta Vo1 Page 80 Translation by John Briggs
  4. The Punjab Chiefs " by authors W.L.Conran and H.D Craik and published by Sang-E-Meel publications of Lahore Pakistan Page 197
  5. http://in.youtube.com/watch?v=xP8Cn_lyTpM&feature=related,
  6. http://khalidawancanadian.today.com/2008/07/26/us-officials-presented-incriminating-evidences-in-court-against-khalid-awan-pakistanicanadian/


External links



Geographical links

Pothohar Plateau

Towns and cities around Bhera

North - Talagang | Chakwal | Choa Sadian Shah | Khewramarker

The current Nazim of Bhera is Sheikh Shoukat Ali, who is elected twice in a row now, first elected in 2000 and again elected in 2005, by the population of Bhera.

NE - JhelummarkerNamak miani is very historical town of sargodha bhera. In Namak Miani salt come from khewramarker in village Ghoghiat/Ghughiat through boats and camels. Namak Miani was the biggest market of sub continent. There is majourty of (rana)and(shakh).Ghoghiat/ghughiatis also very historical village of bheramarker miani.salt come in British from khewra in pinddadan khanto Ghoghiat/ghughiatthrough river jhelum by boats or camels.thjere was a little railway track.

East - Mandi Bahaudin | Dinga |Phalia | Malakwalmarker | Gujarat | Gujranwalamarker | Sialkotmarker | Ghakhar Mandimarker Qadian, India

West - Jhawrian | Shah purmarker| Khushabmarker | Hafizabad | Jauharabad| Kundian | Mianwalimarker | Daudwali |Metha Tiwana | Piplanmarker | Dera Ismail Khanmarker | Paharpur | Bannumarker

South - Bhalawal | Kot Morman | Hafizabad District |Chakwalmarker| Sargodhamarker | Sahiwal | ManglaPindi - Bhatian | Chiniotmarker | Okara | Toba Tek Singhmarker

South East - Lahoremarker | Rawalpindimarker


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