Bhojpur ( ) is a town in
It is the
district headquarters of Bhojpur
district, a hilly/mountainous district in Kosi Zone.
At the time of the 1991 Nepal census
it had a population of
5823 people living in 1199 households.
Bhojpur bazaar is home to many skilled Newar craftsmen, and is
famous for its metalwork, particularly khukuri knives. Other major towns in
the district include Dingla to the north, Ghoretar to the south,
and Taksar near the airstrip, from where flights connect to
Biratnagar and Kathmandu.
A road is currently under construction to
link Bhojpur bazaar with Hile, Dhankuta, Dharan, and the rest of
Nepal's North-South Koshi
Historically it is a part of Majh Kirant/Kirat (middle Kirat), and
used to be called "east number 4". Middle Kirat consists mainly of
Bhojpur and Khotang districts, the traditional home of kirat Rai
people, an indigenous ethnic group of Nepal. In addition to Rais,
other ethnic groups include Magars, Gurungs, and Tamangs, as well
as castes like Chhetris, Bahuns, and Dalits.
Bhojpur was recently the site of a major incident involving Maoist
rebels and the Nepali national security forces on March 3, 2004. An
estimated 1,500 Maoists attacked the camps of the security forces
at the district headquarters. This incident was the most serious
one since the Maoists called off the cease-fire on August 24, 2003.
32 security personnel were killed (both army and police), as well
as 42 Maoists rebels, including some women. The telephone tower and
the buildings of the District Administrative Office were completely
destroyed, while those buildings housing the District Land Revenue
Office, Rashtriya Banijya Bank and some private houses were
Tensions between Maoists and security forces emerged in February
2001 when the Bhojpur VDC headquarters were destroyed. The
Khumbuwan Liberation Front (KLF), destroyed the 250-kilowatt
micro-hydropower project built by the Chinese on the Pikhuwa river
on January 26, 2002. On April 18, 2002, a group of 50-60 rebels
destroyed the airport tower by breaking through the gate of the
tower, setting it ablaze by pouring kerosene, and destroying
important devices by hurling a powerful bomb. Several minor
skirmishes had also occurred in northern areas of the district,
leading up to the deadly clash in March 2004.