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Bhojpuri films are films in Bhojpuri, mainly watched by people from Biharmarker, eastern Uttar Pradeshmarker in North India and Terai in southern Nepalmarker.

Overview

It is also watched by many parts of the world, including Brazilmarker, Fijimarker, Guyanamarker, Mauritiusmarker, South Africa, Surinamemarker, and Trinidad and Tobagomarker. During the late 1800s and early 1900s, many colonizers faced labor shortages due to the abolition of slavery; thus, they imported many Indiansmarker, many from Bhojpuri-speaking regions. Today, some 200 million people in the West Indiesmarker, Oceania, and South America speak Bhojpuri as a native or second language and they also watch Bhojpuri films.

History

Bhojpuri's history begins in 1962 with the well-received film Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo ("Mother Ganges, I will offer you a yellow sari"), which was directed by Kundan Kumar. Throughout the following decades, films were produced only in fits and starts. Films such as Bidesiya ("Foreigner," 1963, directed by S. N. Tripathi) and Ganga ("Ganges," 1965, directed by Kundan Kumar) were profitable and popular, but in general Bhojpuri films were not commonly produced in the 1960s and 1970s.

In the 1980s, enough Bhojpuri films were produced to tentatively make up an industry. Films such as Mai ("Mom," 1989, directed by Rajkumar Sharma) and Hamar Bhauji ("My Brother's Wife," 1983, directed by Kalpataru) continued to have at least sporadic success at the box office. However, this trend faded out by the end of the decade, and by 1990, the nascent industry seemed to be completely finished.

The industry took off again in 2001 with the super hit Saiyyan Hamar ("My Sweetheart," directed by Mohan Prasad), which shot the hero of that film, Ravi Kissan, to superstardom. This success was quickly followed by several other remarkably successful films, including Panditji Batai Na Biyah Kab Hoi ("Priest, tell me when I will marry," 2005, directed by Mohan Prasad) and Sasura Bada Paisa Wala ("My father-in-law, the rich guy," 2005). In a measure of the Bhojpuri film industry's rise, both of these did much better business in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar than mainstream Bollywood hits at the time, and both films, made on extremely tight budgets, earned back more than ten times their production costs. Sasura Bada Paisa Wala also introduced Manoj Tiwari, formerly a well-loved folk singer, to the wider audiences of Bhojpuri cinema. In 2008, he and Ravi Kissan are still the leading actors of Bhojpuri films, and their fees increase with their fame. The extremely rapid success of their films has led to dramatic increases in Bhojpuri cinema's visibility, and the industry now supports an awards show and a trade magazine, Bhojpuri City, which chronicles the production and release of what are now over one hundred films per year. Many of the major stars of mainstream Bollywood cinema, including Amitabh Bachchan, have also recently worked in Bhojpuri films. Mithun Chakraborty' s Bhojpuri debut Bhole Shankar released in 2008 is considered as the biggest Bhojpuri hit of all time.

Cast and Crew

Well-known film personalities of Bhojpuri film industry include,

Actors

Sujeet kumar,Manoj Tiwari 'Mridul' Ravi Kishan Nazir Hussain

Actresses



Producers

Bihar Films

Directors

Nazir Hussain Kundan Kumar Rajkumar Sharma Prakash Jha Siddharth Sinha Abhishek Chhadha Ashok Jain

Music Directors

Manoj Tiwari "Mridul"

Famous Films

Gunga Jumna (1961) Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo (1962) Laagi Nahi Chhute Ram (1963) Ganga (1965) Bidesiya (1963) Bhouji (1965) Loha Singh (1966) Dher Chalaki Jinkara (1971) Daku Rani Ganga (1976/II) Amar Suhagin (1978) Balam Pardesia (1979) Chanwa Ke Take Chakor (1981) Saiyan Magan Pahelwani Mein (1981) Saiyan Tore Karan (1981) Hamar Bhauji (1983) Chukti Bhar Senur (1983) Dulha Ganga Paar Ke (1986) Roos Gailen Saiyen Hamaar (1988) (1989) (2003) Gangaa (2006) Nadiya Ke Paar Saiya Hamar

Award

See also



References


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