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William Edward Simon, Jr. (born June 20, 1951), best known as Bill Simon, is an Americanmarker businessman and politician. In 2002, Simon campaigned unsuccessfully for Governor of California as a Republican against Democratic incumbent Gray Davis. Billed as a "conservative Republican," the virtually unknown Simon's campaign was significantly boosted by support from better-known Republican officeholders from outside Californiamarker, including former New York Citymarker Mayor Rudolph Giuliani.


Simon was born in Neptune, New Jersey, the son of William E. Simon, Sr., the 63rd Secretary of the Treasury under Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. Simon, Sr., also served as director of the Federal Energy Office. Coincidentally, Simon was a childhood friend of current Democratic party chair Howard Dean.

Simon earned a B.A. from Williams College in 1973, where he was admitted to the Zeta Psi fraternity, and a J.D. from Boston Collegemarker in 1982. From 1986 to 1988, Simon served as Assistant United States Attorney for the Southern District of New Yorkmarker, working under then-U.S. Attorney Rudolph Giuliani.

In 1988, Simon co-founded William E. Simon & Sons, a global merchant bank, with his father and brother. Simon managed the family business (which has over $3 billion dollars in assets), as the Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York, and as a trustee for the Heritage Foundation. Simon also chairs the William E. Simon Foundation. Simon has contributed some of his personal resources to assist less fortunate youths through educational scholarships and beautification of California schools.

2002 gubernatorial primary

Simon won the Republican nomination in the primary election of March 2002. Some credit Simon's primary win to incumbent Governor Gray Davis' preemptive campaign against Simon's major primary opponent, former Los Angelesmarker mayor Richard Riordan, a moderate Republican, whom Davis considered a more formidable opponent. At the beginning of the campaign Riordan had higher name recognition and popularity than any other gubernatorial candidate. In fact Riordan began attacking Davis early on in the primaries, as if he already had the GOP nomination, which is what prompted the counter-attack according to Garry South, Davis' campaign manager. Simon's come-from-behind win reflected both the GOP's dissatisfaction with Riordan's inability to appeal to the GOP base (he had publicly insulted George Deukmejian, California's most popular Republican governor since Ronald Reagan, and it was revealed he supported Democratic Senator Dianne Feinstein with campaign contributions in the past) and support for Simon's straight-conservative image. Both Riordan and Simon are Roman Catholics and Knights of Malta, with Riordan pro-choice on abortion, and Simon, pro-life.

Simon polled 1,129,973 primary votes (49.4 percent) to Riordan's 715.768 (31.3 percent). Another 387,237 ballots (16.9 percent) were cast for Bill Jones, then the California secretary of state.

2002 gubernatorial election

Davis's campaign advertisements made heavy use of scandals relating to alleged mismanagement of Simon's business and charities, though one of the major court rulings unfavorable to Simon was since overturned.

In August 2002, a California Superior Court jury found Simon's company guilty of defrauding an estranged business partner in a civil lawsuit and ordered him to pay $78 million in damages. The jury ruled that Simon's company, William E. Simon & Sons, defrauded Paul Hindelang, Jr., a convicted drug trafficker, in a deal to take over Hindelang's pay phone company, Pacific Coin. The jury found that Simon's company hid its plans to expand and take Hindelang's company public against his wishes, and that Pacific Coin collapsed under the weight of the debt that Simon's company piled on it in its attempts to expand the pay phone service. Simon, co-chair of Simon & Sons, was not named as a defendant in the case and has said that he was not involved in the daily management of the firm. The judge overturned the jury's verdict; as of August , the case was still on appeal.

Simon's campaign centered largely on allegations of corruption in the incumbent's administration, and Davis' handling of the 2001 energy crisis.

Immediately after the gubernatorial debate against Gray Davis, Simon accused Davis of receiving campaign funds in the Lt. Governor's office, a felony. Simon distributed a photo of Davis being handed a check and insisted that the picture was taken in the Lt. Governor's office in the State capitol. Within an hour of its release the location in the picture was determined to have no resemblance to the Lt. Governor's office, and within a few days the donor in the picture identified the location as his home in Southern California.

Despite Davis' high disapproval ratings, he managed to defeat Simon by a margin of 47.3% of the vote to Simon's 42.4%.

After campaign for Governor

Simon was one of the business leaders that Enron CEO Ken Lay met with on May 17, 2001 at the Los Angeles Peninsula Hotel during the California Energy Crisis. Other executives that attended the meeting were Arnold Schwarzenegger and Richard Riordan. When the 2003 California recall became a reality, Simon announced he would once again be a candidate for California Governor, but ran for only a short time after qualifying for the ballot before withdrawing from the race August 23, 2003. He said, "There are too many Republicans in this race and the people of our state simply cannot risk a continuation of the Gray Davis legacy." Simon did not endorse any candidates at the time, but several weeks later, he endorsed front-runner Arnold Schwarzenegger. Despite dropping out, his name still appeared in the ballot, and he placed 12th in a field of 135 candidates. Simon spent most of 2004 and 2005 preparing to run for California state treasurer in 2006, and although he was the clear front-runner for the Republican nomination, Simon dropped out in October 2005 citing the need to devote more time and attention to his family and four children. Simon is married to Cindy Simon, and together they have four children, Cary, Willie, Lulu, and Griffith. They live in Pacific Palisades, CAmarker and have a vacation home on Mauimarker and Sun Valley, Idahomarker.

On February 26, 2007, Mr. Simon was appointed as the Director of Policy for the Rudy Giuliani presidential exploratory committee. Simon is the most influential member of the Rudy campaign, and was referred to many times as Rudy's "Professor".

He is said to be planning to seek the office of Lieutenant Governor of California in 2010.



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