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The Biograph Theater is located at 2433 North Lincoln Avenue in Lincoln Parkmarker in Chicago, Illinoismarker. Originally a movie theater, it now is a venue for live plays. It is most famous as the location where bank robber John Dillinger was shot by the FBImarker, led by Melvin Purvis, on July 22, 1934 following a showing of Manhattan Melodrama.

The Biograph Theater is on the National Register of Historic Places and was designated a Chicago Landmark on March 28, 2001.

History

Designed by architect Samuel N. Crowen in 1914, the Biograph has many of the distinguishing characteristics of movie houses of the period, including a storefront-width lobby, recessed entrance, free-standing ticket booth, and canopy marquee. The building is finished with red pressed brick and white-glazed terra cotta.

1934 FBI photograph of the Biograph, soon after the shooting of Dillinger
July 22, 1934, after attending the film Manhattan Melodrama with brothel madam Anna Sage, John Dillinger was shot dead outside the Biograph by FBImarker agents led by Melvin Purvis, when he attempted to pull a pistol and flee into the crowd after he saw them. Dillinger's whereabouts had been leaked to the FBI by Sage under the threat of deportation.

In July 2004, after 90 years as a movie theater under various owners, Chicago's Victory Gardens Theatermarker announced it had purchased the Biograph for use as a live venue. The theater was completely renovated by architect Daniel P. Coffey, who constructed a proscenium-thrust stage and seating for 299 people. A grand staircase, which was part of the original structure, was restored to lead up to the building's second floor, housing a studio theater seating 135 people and an adjacent rehearsal/multiple-use space. The $11 million project for the new theater, styled the Victory Gardens at the Biograph, was completed in the fall of 2006. The new stage is deep and wide, with of wing space on either side. There is an trap space below the stage. There is limited fly space above the stage. There are two dressing rooms and a green room behind the stage. The lobby is wider than in the movie theater days, and the restrooms have been expanded.

facades of the theater and adjoining businesses were redressed to appear as they did in 1934 for the 2009 film Public Enemies.

References

  1. Chicago Tribune, October 6, 2006


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