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Blachernae or Blachernæ ( ) was a suburb in the northwestern section of Constantinoplemarker. It was the site of a spring and a number of churchesmarker were built there, notably by Pulcheria in the 5th century and by Justinian I in the 6th century. These were originally outside the city wallsmarker, until 627 when the walls were expanded to include this section of the city. The area was expanded to include an imperial palacemarker in the 11th century by Alexius I, but the walls were still relatively weak, reinforced only by the ramparts of the palace. After Alexius, the Palace of Blachernae became the main residence of the emperors from 1081 AD to 1453 AD, though the old Great Palacemarker was still used for major imperial ceremonies. The Palace of the Porphyrogenitusmarker (Turkish: Tekfur Sarayı) is the main surviving part of the Palace of Blachernae, which was a complex of multiple structures.

Its weakness was first exposed in the Fourth Crusade, when the invaders penetrated Blachernae. Blachernae was also the site of the Blachernitissa, a church in honour of the Theotokos (Mother of God), which became the second-most important church in Constantinople after Hagia Sophiamarker, if only because the emperors' residence was nearby. In 1347, John VI Cantacuzenus was crowned there, instead of in Hagia Sophia. In 1453 during the final siege of Constantinople, the Ottomans attacked Blachernae with their large cannon, almost destroying the walls there; the Byzantine defenders failed to block the Kerkoporta gate, enabling the Turks to enter the city.

After the Ottoman conquest, the sultan's residence was moved to Topkapı Palacemarker on the site of the ancient acropolis of Byzantium, opposite to the original site of the Great Palace, which had by this time fallen into complete ruin, and the Blachernae area (with the exception of the Palace of Porphyrogenitusmarker) fell into disuse.

Today

The historic Blachernae area is in the present-day Istanbulmarker quarter known as Ayvansaraymarker. The sacred spring, associated with the Virgin Mary, can still be visited today; in Turkish it is named Ayazma, a name derived from Greek hagiasma, meaning "holy place".

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