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Black Eagles ( ) is a term describing a series of Colombianmarker right wing, counter-revolutionary, paramilitary organizations made up of new and preexisting paramilitary forces, some of which were part of the demobilized Self-Defense Units of Colombia (AUC). These were first considered to be a third generation of paramilitary groups but there are Colombian military reports suggesting the Águilas Negras are intermediaries in the drug business between the guerrilla and drug cartels outside Colombia.

The Black Eagles are closely associated with drug cartels and are involved in drug trafficking activities, extortions, racketeering and kidnappings. They have also attacked guerrilla members and suspected sympathizers. One individual who has been accused of leading the Black Eagles is former AUC leader Vicente Castaño, who became a fugitive after his demobilization when he was judicially accused of murdering his own brother, paramilitary leader Carlos Castaño.

The Black Eagles first appeared in the northern Colombian cities of Cúcutamarker and Ocañamarker in the Norte de Santander Department near the border with Venezuelamarker between April and March 2006, along with other groups initially identifying themselves as "Eagles" of different colors, including "Red Eagles", "Golden Eagles" and "Blue Eagles". Other criminal groups using the Black Eagle label expanded their operations in other departments of Colombia, mainly in Santander, Cesar, Caqueta and Antioquia. On October 18, 2006 President Álvaro Uribe openly ordered their detention. The government also ordered the creation of a new Search Bloc against the Black Eagles and classified this organization as a gang of former paramilitaries.


According to Revista Semana, the new criminal organizations may have up to 4,000 members distributed into 22 identified groups in 200 municipalities and 22 of the 32 departments. The number of groups could also be 34, due to their capacity to hide.


See also


  1. Revista Cambio: Farc y las Águilas Negras se alían en negocios de narcotráfico en el sur de Bolívar
  2. Vicente Castaño would be behind 'Águilas Negras' El Pais Accessed 20 August 2007.
  3. Las Águilas negras, group formed by demobilized members of the United Self-Defense Forces are present in five regions El Accessed 20 August 2007.
  4. What are the Águilas negras? Revista Semana Accessed 20 August 2007.
  5. Captured nine presumed members of the Águilas Negras Colombian Army Accessed 20 August 2007.

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