Black and Tan
is a drink made from a blend of
and a dark beer such as a stout
Sometimes a pale lager
is used instead of
ale; this is usually called a half
. Contrary to popular belief, however, Black
and Tan is not a drink commonly consumed in Ireland.
Indeed the drink has image problems in parts of Ireland and
elsewhere due to the association with the Royal Irish Constabulary Reserve Force
was sent into Ireland by British Secretary of State for War
, during the
premiership in the
early 1920s and nicknamed the Black and Tans.
A blend of Guinness and Bass
is believed to have originated in pubs
in Britain with
drinkers ordering a mix of dark stout and draught bitter.
A blend of Guinness and Harp
The earliest recorded usage of the term in the Oxford English Dictionary
1889, though an earlier origin of an 18th century blend of porter
and pale ale has been conjectured. Several American breweries
currently make premixed Black and Tan, and it is a popular blend at
American bars. One of the oldest and best known commercial
examples is Yuengling's Original Black and Tan.
The name "black and tan" had earlier been applied to dogs, such as
the black and tan
. It was later used as a nickname for the Black and Tans
paramilitary reserve during
the Irish War of
. In March 2006, Ben
and Jerry's released an ice cream flavor in the United States for Saint Patrick's
Day inspired by the drink; the name offended Irish nationalists because of the
paramilitary association. Ben and
has since apologized. A spokesman told Reuters
, "Any reference on our part to the British Army
unit was absolutely unintentional
and no ill-will was ever intended."
common type of Black and Tan in the United States uses Guinness Draught (not Extra Stout) and
Bass, though variations using Harp Lager or Newcastle Brown Ale instead of Bass are sometimes also
referred to as Black and Tans.
Guinness and Harp is more
commonly referred to as a Half and Half, and Guinness and Newcastle
is generally called a Black Castle. The "layering" of Guinness
on top of the ale or lager is possible
because the relative density of the Guinness is less than that of
the ale or lager.
A Black-and-Tan Spoon
prepare a Black and Tan in the American way, first fill a glass
halfway with the ale, then add the Guinness Draught (from the can,
bottle, or tap). The top layer is best poured slowly over an
upside-down tablespoon placed over the glass to avoid splashing and
mixing the layers. A specially designed black-and-tan spoon is bent
in the middle so that it can balance on the edge of the pint-glass
for easier pouring.
Kingdom, another way of preparing a Black and Tan is to
pour half a pint of dark stout into a pint glass and then top up
with draught bitter, so that both beers are thoroughly mixed
Ireland a Black and Tan is normally made from a half pint
of Smithwick's topped off with Guinness .
This version is also
sometimes referred to as a "Blacksmith". During the summer months
stout drinkers may order a black and tan due to its lighter
texture. Likewise ale drinkers may order a Smithwick's with a
Guinness head. This is an ordinary pint of Smithwick's with the
last inch or so topped off with Guinness.
Australia, specifically New South Wales, a Black and Tan is made from half a schooner
(425ml) of Tooheys New (a pale lager)
and then topped up with Tooheys Old (a
Half and half
Ireland, a traditional Half and Half consists of half warm or room
temperature Guinness and half chilled Guinness. In the early days,
refrigeration was of course unavailable. As refrigeration came into
existence in the 20th century, it was found that a mixture of the
two temperatures created the perfect drinking temperature for
Guinness. Most Guinness poured in Ireland is served at about this
temperature, roughly 44 degrees Fahrenheit (6° Celsius). In the
United States, Half and Half consists of Harp Lager topped with
Guinness. Half and half implies that both beers come from the
- Shandy : Beer
cocktail mixed with lemonade, lemon-lime soda, or ginger ale.
- Diesel Shandy : Beer
cocktail mixed with cola.
- Black Velvet Cocktail :
This is traditionally made with Guinness and Champagne.
- In Search of Ireland's Heroes: Carmel
- Black and Tan ice cream causes a chill in
Ireland - The Telegraph, 21 April 2006