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Bloomfield is a township in Essex Countymarker, New Jerseymarker, United Statesmarker. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 47,683.


History

Bloomfield was incorporated as a township from portions of Newark Townshipmarker by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1812. The new township took its name from the Presbyterian parish, which had been named for Governor of New Jersey Joseph Bloomfield.

At the time it was incorporated, the township covered 20.52 square miles (compared to its current 5.4 square miles) and included several villages which left Bloomfield during the course of the nineteenth century. Their names and dates of separation are:



Bloomfield was incorporated as a town on February 26, 1900. In July 1981, residents voted to adopt the township form.

Geography

Bloomfield is located at (40.803000, -74.188959).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 5.3 square miles (13.8 km2), of which, 5.3 square miles (13.8 km2) of it is land and 0.19% is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 47,683 people, 19,017 households, and 12,075 families residing in the township. The population density was 8,961.5 people per square mile (3,460.6/km2). There were 19,508 housing units at an average density of 3,666.3/sq mi (1,415.8/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 70.09% White, 11.69% African American, 0.19% Native American, 8.38% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 6.42% from other races, and 3.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.47% of the population.

There were 19,017 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the township the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $53,289, and the median income for a family was $64,945 (these figures had risen to $65,373 and $83,321 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $43,498 versus $36,104 for females. The per capita income for the township was $26,049. About 4.4% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

In comparison to the other townships in the U.S., living in Bloomfield costs on average 24.01% higher than the U.S. average cost of living.

According to CNN Money the quality of life in Bloomfield in terms of crime are 3 incidents per 1,000 people as compared to the “best places to live average” of only 1.3 incidents per 1,000. Property crime incidents per 1,000 people in Bloomfield is 35 as compared to the “best places to live average” of only 20.6.

Government

Local government

Bloomfield operates under a Special Charter granted under an Act of the New Jersey Legislature. The township is governed by a mayor and a six member Township Council. The mayor and three councilmembers are elected at large, and three members are elected from each of three wards, with all positions chosen in partisan elections. Councilmembers are elected to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one at-large and one ward seat coming up for election each year. Bloomfield's charter retains most of the characteristics of the Town form, with additional powers delegated to an administrator.

The Mayor of Bloomfield is Raymond McCarthy. Members of the Bloomfield Township Council are:
  • First-Ward Councilwoman - Janice Maly
  • Second-Ward Councilman - Nicholas Joanow
  • Third-Ward Councilwoman - Robert M. Ruane, Sr.
  • Councilwoman-At-Large - Patricia Spychala
  • Councilwoman-At-Large - Pat Barker
  • Councilman-At-Large - Bernard Hamilton


Federal, state, and county representation

Bloomfield is in the Eighth Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 28th Legislative District.

Politics

On the national level, Bloomfield leans toward the Democratic Party. In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama received 63% of the vote here, defeating Republican John McCain, who received 35%.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

The Bloomfield Public Schoolsmarker serve students in prekindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are eight elementary schools serving kindergarten through sixth grade — Berkeley (506 students) Brookdale (291), Carteret (454), Demarest (415), Fairview (479), Franklin (335), Oak View (347), Watsessing (326) — Bloomfield Middle School for grades 7 and 8 (939), andBloomfield High Schoolmarker for grades 9-12 (1,889). Forest Glen School provides individualized programs and services to special needs students in grades 7-12 (29 students).

Both the middle school and high school have police assigned to school.

“Bloomfield public schools spend $8,374 per student. The average school expenditure in the U.S. is $6,058.”

Bloomfield Tech High Schoolmarker is a regional public high school that offers occupational and academic instruction for students in Essex Countymarker, as part of the Essex County Vocational Technical Schoolsmarker

Colleges and universities

Bloomfield Collegemarker, a liberal arts college founded in 1868, is located in downtown Bloomfield near the town green. The college has approximately 2000 students.

Catholic schools

Saint Thomas the Apostle

Transportation

The major New Jersey highway artery that serves Bloomfield is the Garden State Parkway. Its Essex toll plaza is located in the city, as well as two service areas.

Bloomfield is served by the New Jersey Transit Montclair-Boonton Line to Hoboken Terminalmarker or on Midtown Direct trains (about 55%) to Penn Stationmarker in Midtown Manhattan via the Secaucus Junctionmarker. The Bloomfieldmarker train station is located off of Bloomfield Avenue in the downtown area. The Watsessing Avenuemarker rail station sits at the corner of Watsessing Avenue and Orange Street, and is located below ground.

The Grove Streetmarker station on the Newark City Subway provides service to Newark Penn Stationmarker.

New Jersey Transit bus service is available to Newarkmarker on the 11, 27, 28, 29, 34, 72, 90, 92, 93 and 94 routes, with local service on the 709 bus line.

Bloomfield is 12.37 miles from Newark Liberty International Airportmarker in Newarkmarker / Elizabethmarker, and 28.8 miles from LaGuardia Airportmarker in Flushing, Queens.

Points of interest



Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Bloomfield include:

Bloomfield Cemetery notable burials



Notes

External links




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