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Robert "Bo" Goldman (born September 10, 1932) is an American writer, Broadwaymarker playwright and Academy Award winning screenwriter.

Early life and education

Born in New York City, Goldman's father, Julian, owned a chain of well known eastern department stores called The Goldman Stores. An early pioneer of "time payments" his business thrived. Franklin Delano Roosevelt was a close friend and also his attorney. Goldman Store ads typically featured men in business suits and fashionably dressed women in furs. While this was an old strategy for appealing to those with dreams of upper-class status, the ad copy explicitly addressed middle-income customers. "He Makes only $3,000 a year," blazoned one Goldman ad, "But is worth $112,290!" Julian loved the theatre, and was an "angel" or backer, to many Broadway Shows and reviews. His young son, Robert "Bo," accompanied Julian to an average of two shows a week. This had an impact on what the boy would choose to do later in life, convinced from an early age that he was meant to work in the theatre. In 1939 Julian was looking for a school where he could send his son. Eleanor Roosevelt admired the work of Helen Parkhurst and was in the midst of expanding the population and resources of the Dalton Schoolmarker by promoting a merger between the Todhunter School for girls (founded by Winifred Todhunter). Julian Goldman became an early backer, and it was this school where Bo would begin his education. He followed this by skipping his last year at Dalton in favor of fast tracking through Exetermarker, an experience that informed a script he would write years later, Scent of a Woman.

He attended Princeton Universitymarker where he wrote, produced, composed the lyrics and was president of the famed Princeton Triangle Club, a proving ground for James Stewart and director Joshua Logan. His 1953 production, Ham 'n Legs, was presented on The Ed Sullivan Show – the first Triangle production ever to appear on National Television.

Military Service

Upon graduation from Princeton, Goldman had a three year stint in the U.S. Army stationed on Enewetak, an atoll in the Marshall Islandsmarker of the central Pacific Oceanmarker. The Army activity there concerning the examination of the explosion clouds of nuclear bombs. Here several rockets (mostly from rockoons) were launched.

Career

Broadway

After leaving the service Goldman headed straight to Broadwaymarker and became the lyricist for First Impressions, a musical based on Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice. Produced by composer Jule Styne, directed by Abe Burrows, and starring Hermione Gingold, Polly Bergen and Farley Granger, the play received decent notices but had a very short run. Just 25-years-old, Goldman wasn't the least bit discouraged, still convinced he would spend the rest of his life in the theatre. However, it was not meant to be. He would spend the next few years trying to get his second show, a civil war play, Hurrah Boys Hurrah, onto Broadway – but with no success. Now married, and with 4 small children at home, he needed a steady income. Something he would find as soon as he began working in the new world of Live Television at CBS.

Television

Goldman was mentored by the redoubtable Fred Coe (the "D.W. Griffith of dramatic television") and became part of the twilight of The Golden Age, associate producing and script editing Coe's prestigious Playhouse 90's, Days of Wine and Roses directed by a young John Frankenheimer, The Plot To Kill Stalin starring Eli Wallach, and Horton Foote's Old Man. Goldman went on to himself produce and write for Public Television on the award-winning NET Playhouse. After working together at NET Burt Lancaster encouraged Goldman to try his hand at screenwriting, which relulted in an early version of Shoot the Moon. The script became Goldman's calling card, and he would soon be "known for some of the best screenplays of the 1970's and 80's".

Film

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

After reading Shoot the Moon, Milos Forman asked Goldman to write the screenplay for One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. The film won all five top Academy Awards including an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for Goldman.This was the first film to win the top five awards since Frank Capra's It Happened One Night in 1934. For his work on the film Goldman also received the Writers Guild Award and the Golden Globe Award.

The Rose – Melvin and Howard

He next wrote The Rose (1979), which was nominated for four Academy Awards, this was followed by his original screenplay Melvin and Howard (1980) which garnered Goldman his second Oscar, second Writers Guild Award and the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Screenplay of the Year.

Shoot the Moon

Goldman's calling card, Shoot the Moon, was then filmed by Alan Parker and starred Diane Keaton & Albert Finney. The film received international acclaim and was embraced by America's most respected film critics:



Pauline KaelThe New Yorker
"Shoot the Moon is perhaps the most revealing American movie of the era.


David DenbyNew York Magazine
The Picture seems like a Miracle. A Beautiful Achievement.” 


David EdelsteinThe New York Post
"One of the Best Films of the Decade." 


However, due to a previous agreement Warren Beatty had negotiated with MGM the studio was bound that no film could be released with Diane Keaton in the same year as Beatty's Reds. Consequently, Shoot the Moon was effectively dumped – and subsequently released with little or no fanfare the following February – long after the fourth quarter "awards season." Nonetheless, Goldman's peers remembered and the following year he earned his third Writers Guild Award nomination. For many years the film was all but forgotten and not available on DVD until Warner Bros. aquried MGM's home video library and released the film in the summer of 2007. To this day the film has a perfect 100% score on the critic site Rotten Tomatoes.



For the next few years, Goldman contributed uncredited work to countless scripts including Milos Forman's Ragtime (1981) starring James Cagney and Donald O'Connor, The Flamingo Kid (1984) starring Matt Dillon, and Warren Beatty's Dick Tracy (1990).

Scent of a Woman – Meet Joe Black

He followed this with Scent of a Woman (1992) receiving his third Golden Globe Award and third Academy Award nomination. In the film Al Pacino plays Frank Slade, a blind, retired army colonel. A character Goldman said he based on someone he "knew from his days in the army." After being nominated seven times for roles as varied as Michael Corleone in Francis Coppola's The Godfather and Frank Serpico in Sidney Lumet's Serpico, his portrayal of Frank Slade finally earned him the Academy Award for Best Actor. The film was beloved by critics, Janet Maslin of The New York Times wrote, "Scent of a Woman offers Al Pacino the kind of opportunity actors dream about. As Lieut. Col. Frank Slade, a corrosively bitter military man who has been blinded (quite literally) by his own stupidity, Mr. Pacino roars through this story with show-stopping intensity. Bo Goldman's screenplay provides him with a string of indelible wisecracks, and Martin Brest's direction allows room for the character to be developed at great length. Mr. Pacino's contribution, in the sort of role for which Oscar nominations were made, is to remind viewers that a great American actor is too seldom on the screen." The film has a 94% score on the critic site Rotten Tomatoes.

Next up was Harold Becker's City Hall (1996) again starring Al Pacino and also John Cusack. Pacino played the corrupt Mayor of New York City. The film is peppered with musical theatre references – a clear homage to Goldman's father and his own Broadway days.

He then wrote Meet Joe Black (1998) starring Brad Pitt and Anthony Hopkins. Among critics the film was fashionably unfashionable. Pitt and the director, Martin Brest took the biggest thumping. The main complaint centered not on content, but pace. Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times wrote, "Where Meet Joe Black runs into most of its trouble is that everything happens so terribly slowly. Martin Brest has felt the need to inflate the tale until it floats around like one of those ungainly balloons in Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade. Not helping the time go faster is the way star Brad Pitt has ended up playing Death. Ordinarily the most charismatic of actors, with an eye-candy smile and a winning ease, Pitt approaches this role largely on a leash, hanging around more like the protagonist of "I Walked With a Zombie" than a flesh-and-blood leading man."

A Writer's Writer

In a 1998 interview with the New York Times screenwriter Eric Roth said, "The great Bo Goldman. He's the pre-eminent screenwriter -- in my mind as good as it gets. He has the most varied and intelligent credits, from Cuckoo's Nest to Shoot the Moon, the best divorce movie ever made, to Scent of a Woman, to the great satire Melvin and Howard. He rarely makes mistakes, and he manages to maintain a distinctive American voice. And he manages to stay timely."

Most Recent Work

In 2000, Goldman did a page one uncredited rewrite of The Perfect Storm. It was Goldman's script that green lit the movie at Warner Bros. and convinced George Clooney to star. The film went on to earn a boffo $327,000,000 Box Office.

Future Work

Notoriously private, Goldman is rumored to be working on an adaptation of Jules Dassin's Du rififi chez les hommes for Al Pacino. However this is unconfirmed.

Credits include























References

External links



Academy Awards
Golden Globes
Writers Guild of America Awards
New York Film Critics Circle Awards
National Society of Film Critics Awards
Boston Society of Film Critics
Writers Guild of America Awards
Academy Awards
Golden Globes
Writers Guild of America

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