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Club Atlético Boca Juniors, known simply as Boca Juniors or Boca, is a popular Argentinemarker sports club, best known for its football team. Its home base is the neighborhood of La Bocamarker, in Buenos Airesmarker, and their home field is Estadio Alberto J.marker Armandomarker, better known as La Bombonera. Their main rival is River Plate, with whom they contest the Superclásico.

Boca Juniors has won a record 18 international titles, equal to A.C. Milan. Their haul includes six Copa Libertadores, four Recopa Sudamericana, three world club titles (Intercontinental Cup), two Copa Sudamericana, one Copa Oro, one Supercopa Sudamericana, and one Supercopa Masters. Domestically, the club has won 23 national championships, second only to River Plate (33).

The club is a permanent fixture in the IFFHS Club World Ranking top 25, Boca is currently ranked 28th and has reached the top position of the monthly ranking 6 times (mostly during coach Carlos Bianchi's tenure).

The youth academy has produced many Argentine internationals such as Juan Román Riquelme, Nicolás Burdisso, Carlos Tévez and Fernando Gago who have played or are playing for top European clubs.

History

Foundation

On 3 April 1905, five Italianmarker immigrants gathered in the Plaza Solís, located in the heart of the La Bocamarker neighborhood of Buenos Airesmarker.Esteban Baglietto, Alfredo Scarpati, Santiago Sana, and brothers Juan and Teodoro Farenga founded Boca Juniors, the use of English language in team names was commonplace, as Britishmarker railway workers had originally introduced association football into Argentina.

Boca Juniors played in local leagues and the amateur second division until being promoted to the first division in 1913, when the division was expanded from six teams to 15. Boca were never relegated; they won six amateur championships (1919, 1920, 1923, 1924, 1926, and 1930). With the introduction of professionalism in Argentina, Boca won the first title in 1931.
  • First Match: April 21, 1905. vs. Mariano Moreno.
  • First international match: December 8, 1907. vs. Universal (Montevideo, Uruguay)
  • First professional match: May 31, 1931 vs. Chacarita Juniors.


Team colors

The original jersey colour was pink, which was quickly abandoned for thin black-and-white vertical stripes. The legend has it that in 1906 Boca played another team that used these colors, to decide who would get to keep them. Boca lost, and decided to adopt the colors of the flag of the first boat to subsequently sail into the port at La Boca which was the 4146 ton freighter Drottning Sophia, sailing from Copenhagen. As the boat was from Swedenmarker, yellow and blue were adopted as the new team colours. The first version had a yellow diagonal band, which was later changed to a horizontal stripe.

Kit evolution and rare kits

First kit evolution












Rare models and special editions










*: This model was worn just for 2 matches during 2005 Summer Tournament (Torneo de Verano in Spanish) in order to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the institution.

Kit manufacturer and Shirt sponsors

Period Kit Manufacturer Shirt Sponsors
1980–1982 Adidas None
1983 Vinos Maravilla
1984–1985 None
1986–1988 Fate O
1989–1992 FIATmarker
1992–1993 Parmalat
1994–1995 Olan
1995 Topper Quilmesmarker
1996–2001 Nike
2001–2003 Pepsi
2003–2004 Pepsi & Goodyear
2004–2005 Red Megatone & Goodyear
2006 Megatone & Goodyear
2007–2009 Megatone & Unicef
2009–Current LG & Total


Jerseys

A list of all the original jerseys is also available at the club's official website.

File:Camiseta 1980a.jpg|
1989 Away


File:1996 Local22.jpg|
1996-97 Home
File:1998 Mercosur Blue22.jpg|
1998 Mercosur
File:2000 Local Blue22.jpg|
2000 Home
File:2000 Alternate.jpg|
2000 Alternate
File:2001 Local2.jpg|
2001-02 Home


File:2003 Local2.jpg|
2002-03 Home
File:2004 Home.jpg|
2003-04 Home
File:2005 Local22.jpg|
2004-05 Home
File:2005Away.jpg|
2004-05 Away
File:2005 Xentenario I2.jpg|
2005 Xentenario Home
File:2005 Xentenario Alt2.jpg|
2005 Xentenario Away
File:2006 Alternate2.jpg|
2005-2006 Away
File:2006 Local2.jpg|
2006-2007 Home
File:2006 Away2.jpg|
2006-07 Away
File:2007 Loca2l.jpg|
2007-2008 Home
File:2007 Alternate2.jpg|
2007-2008 Away
File:2008 Local2.jpg|
2008-2009 Home
File:2008 Away2.jpg|
2008-2009 Away


Badge

The club have had five different crests in their history, the outer shape of the crest has remained unchanged throughout Boca's history. In 1955, laurel leaves were added to celebrate the club's 50th anniversary, and the colours were changed to match those on the team's jersey.In 1970, one star was added to the badge for each title won domestically (top part, above the initials) and internationally (bottom part). A new star was added to the corresponding section whenever Boca wins a title. To the delight of fans, the crest had to be modified several times in recent years. In 2007 the club changed its crest to include only 3 stars, one for each Intercontinental Cup / Club world title .



Stadium

Boca Juniors used several fields before settling on the current grounds on Brandsen. Their first ground was in la Dársena Sur but it was vacated in 1907 because it failed to meet the minimum requirements of the league, they then used three pitches in the Isla Demarchi area between 1908 and 1912. Between 1914 and 1915 the club moved away from La Boca for the only time in their history, moving to Wildemarker in the Avellaneda Partido of the Buenos Aires Provincemarker but a relatively poor season and low attendances in 1915 forced them to move back to La Boca.

On May 25, 1916 Boca opened their new stadium on the intersection of Calle Ministro Brin and Calle Senguel they stayed there until 1924 when they moved to their current location on Calle Brandsen and Calle Del Crucero.

Construction work on the concrete structure of their current stadium started in 1938 under the supervision of Engineer José L.Delpini. Boca played their home matches in the Ferrocarril Oeste field in Caballito until the structure was completed in 1940. A third level was added in 1953, giving the ground its nickname La Bombonera ('The Chocolate Box'). The side opposite the Casa Amarilla railway platforms remained mostly unbuilt until 1996, when it was upgraded with new balconies and VIP booths. Three sides of the Bombonera are made up of traditional sloping stadium stands, but the fourth side had to be built vertically, with several seating areas stacked one on top of the other, to stay within the stadium's property. La Bombonera is renowned for vibrating when fans start to jump in rhythm; in particular, the unique vertical side will sway slightly, leading to the phrase, "the Bombonera does not tremble. It beats." (La Bombonera no tiembla. Late.)

The Bombonera currently has a capacity of around 61,000, the club's popularity make tickets hard to find, especially for the Superclasico game against River Plate. There are planned improvements for the stadium, including measures to ease crowd congestion, use of new technology in the stadium and improved corporate facilities.
  • Dársena Sud: 1908 - 1912
  • Wilde: 1914 - 1915
  • Brins y Sengüel: 1916 - 1924
  • Brandsen: from 1924


Supporters

Boca Juniors is traditionally regarded as the club of Argentina's working class, in contrast with the supposedly more upper-class base of cross-town archrival Club Atlético River Plate.

Boca Juniors claims to be the club of "half plus one" (la mitad mas uno) of Argentina's population, but a 2006 survey placed its following at 40%, still the largest share. They have the highest number of fans, according to their percentage in their country.

The Boca-River Superclásico rivalry is one of the most thrilling derbies in the world. 327 Boca have won 121, River 105 and there have been 101 draws. After each match (except ties), street signs cover Buenos Aires, at fans' own expense, "ribbing" the losing side with humorous posters. This has become part of Buenos Aires culture ever since a Boca winning streak in the 1990s.

In 1975 a film, La Raulito was made about the life of Mary Esher Duffau, known as La Raulito, a well known Boca Juniors fan. She died at the age of 74 on 30 April, 2008 on the same day Boca Juniors played a Copa Libertadores match against Brazilian club, Cruzeiro Esporte Clubemarker with the players and fans observing a minutes silence in her remembrance.

Nicknames

Boca fans are known as los xeneizes (the Genoesemarker) after the Italian (especially Genoese) immigrants who founded the team and populated La Boca in the early 20th century.

Many rival fans in Argentina refer to the Boca Juniors' fans as Los Bosteros (the manure handlers) originating from the horse manure used in the brick factory that occupied the ground where La Bombonera stands. Originally an insult used by rivals, Boca fans have taken to wearing it with ultimate pride.

Following the team colors, Boca's shirt is also called la azul y oro (the blue and gold).

There is a society which dedicates all of its activities to supporting the team known as la número 12 or la doce (player number doce or 12, meaning "the 12th player")

International

Peñas (fan clubs) exist in a number of Argentine cities, and abroad, in countries such as Russiamarker, Ukrainemarker, Spainmarker, Israelmarker and Japanmarker.

Boca Juniors are particularly popular in Japan because of the club's success in recent years at the Intercontinental Cup held in Japan. All over the world, fans are drawn to Boca by the club's international titles, and by the success of Boca players who went on to play in European football such as Hugo Ibarra, Rodolfo Arruabarrena, Diego Cagna, Enzo Ferrero, Roberto Abbondanzieri, Nicolás Burdisso, Fernando Gago, Diego Maradona, Claudio Caniggia, Gabriel Batistuta, Juan Román Riquelme and Carlos Tévez.

Boca have fans throughout Latin America, especially in Colombiamarker and Perumarker , and also in parts of the United Statesmarker where there has been Latin immigration and where in July 2007, after the club had toured pre-season, it was reported that the club were considering the possibility of creating a Boca Juniors USA team to compete in Major League Soccer (MLS) with in New York Citymarker, Miamimarker, Los Angelesmarker and Arizonamarker mentioned as possible locations.

Rivalries

Boca Juniors has had a long standing rivalry with River Plate. The Superclásico is known worldwide as one of world football's fiercest and most important rivalries. It is particularly noted for the passion of the fans, the stands of both teams feature fireworks, coloured confetti, flags and rolls of paper. Both sets of supporters sing passionate songs (often based on popular Argentine rock band tunes) against their rivals, and the stadiums are known to bounce with the simultaneous jumping of the fans. Sometimes the games have been known to end in riots between the hardest supporters of both sides or against the police. The Englishmarker newspaper The Observer put the Superclásico at the top of their list of 50 sporting things you must do before you die.

The two clubs both have origins in the poor riverside area of Buenos Aires known as La Boca. River however moved to the more affluent district of Núñezmarker in the north of the city in 1923.Boca Juniors and River Plate have played 327 games all time against each other, with Boca winning 121, River 105 and 101 times the games ended in a draw. In the Professional Era the two clubs have played 184 games with Boca winning 68, River 61 and 55 draws.

This intense rivalry has not stopped players from playing for both clubs, most notably Gabriel Batistuta and Claudio Caniggia.

Current squad

Top scorers

View from the lateral side, third tier
The first recorded photo of Boca Juniors taken in 1906


see also Boca Juniors topscorers
  1. Roberto Cherro (1926~1938) 221 goals
  2. Martín Palermo (1997~2001; 2004~present) 210 goals*
  3. Francisco Varallo (1931~1939) 194 goals
  4. Domingo Tarasconi (1922~1932) 193 goals
  5. Jaime Sarlanga (1940~1948) 128 goals
  6. Mario Boyé (1941~1949; 1955) 124 goals
  7. Delfín Benítez Cáceres (1932~1938) 115 goals
  • * Still Active as of November 08, 2009.


Players

To appear in this section a player must have played at least 50 games for the club


Amateur Era (1905-31)



Professional Era (1931-present)

1930s - 1970s







1970s - 1990s







1990s - 2000s







Coaches

Boca's two most successful coaches were Juan Carlos Lorenzo (1976~79, 1987), and Carlos Bianchi, (1998-2002, 2003~04). Toto Lorenzo won five titles with the team, including the Libertadores Cup in 1977 and 1978, the Intercontinental Cup in 1977, and the Metropolitano and Nacional in 1976. Bianchi won nine, including Aperturas in 1998, 2000 and 2003, the 1999 Clausura, the Libertadores Cup in 2000, 2001, and 2003, and the Intercontinental Cup in 2000 and 2003.

On 22 August, 2006, it was announced that Ricardo Lavolpe would take over the post of coach on September 15, replacing Alfio Basile, who had been selected to manage Argentina National Football Team. Lavolpe failed to continue Basile's chain of success, losing the 2006 Apertura championship in spite of a 4 points advantage with only two rounds to go.

Miguel Angel Russo was hired as Lavolpe's replacement. Boca took second place to San Lorenzo de Almagro in the 2007 Clausura tournament, but went on to win the Copa Libertadores with a 5-0 overall rout of Brazilian Grêmio.

Carlos Ischia was hired after Miguel Angel Russo left to go be San Lorenzo de Almagro's Coach.

Chairmen

Pedro Pompilio was the club's last elected chairman, succeeding Ing. Mauricio Macri (current Head of Government of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires). Pompilio died during his presidency on October 30, 2008 due to heart attack. His family asked not to send flowers to his funeral and donate money to UNICEF instead. He was 58 years old at that time. He was married and had two children.

Jorge Amor Ameal, 1st vice president during Pedro Pompilio's direction, is the new Boca Juniors president. Boca's most successful president was Mauricio Macri (1996-2008). During his era, the club has won almost all of its international titles.

Institutional

Executive Board 2008-2011
  • President: Jorge Amor Ameal
  • 2nd Vice-president: José Beraldi
  • 3rd Vice-president: Juan Carlos Crespi
  • Secretary: Oscar A. Vicente


Achievements

Domestic titles (31)

Amateur (7)

Copa Libertadores
  • 1919 - Campeonato
  • 1920 - Campeonato
  • 1923 - Campeonato
  • 1924 - Campeonato
  • 1925 - Campeón de Honor
  • 1926 - Campeonato
  • 1930 - Campeonato


Professional (24)



International (18)



FIFA Club World Cup:
* Runner-up (1): 2007
Intercontinental Cup: (record)
* Winner (3): 1977; 2000; 2003
* Runner-up (1): 2001
Copa Libertadores:
* Winner (6): 1977; 1978; 2000; 2001; 2003; 2007
* Runner-up (3): 1963; 1979; 2004
Copa Sudamericana: (record)
* Winner (2): 2004; 2005
Recopa Sudamericana: (record)
* Winner (4): 1990; 2005; 2006; 2008
* Runner-up (1): 2004
Supercopa Sudamericana:
* Winner (1): 1989
* Runner-up (1): 1994
Supercopa Masters:
* Winner (1): 1992
Copa de Oro Nicolás Leoz:
* Winner (1): 1993


Records

  • Boca Juniors and Milan both hold a world record 18 official international titles.
  • Boca Juniors has the most official titles (domestic and international) for an Argentine football club with 41 titles in the professional era (48 including amateur titles).
  • Boca Juniors were awarded the title "Campeón de Honor" (Honour Champion) in 1925, due to a highly successful tour through Europe in which the club played Real Madrid, Atlético Madrid and Real Sociedad, as well as German and French teams, with an impressive record of 15 wins, one draw and three defeats. This title was declared official by the Argentine Football Associationmarker, thereby increasing the total number of amateur and professional titles to 49 (31 domestic and 18 international titles).
  • 40 consecutive Primera División matches unbeaten - an Argentine record: from 5 May 1998 to 2 June 1999, with 29 victories and 11 draws.
  • Three times winner of the Intercontinental Cup (now replaced by FIFA Club World Cup), a record tied with Peñarol, Nacional, Milan and Real Madrid.


Other facts

  • Boca Juniors was the fifth football club in the world to have its own TV channel, opened in 2003. Boca TV broadcast 24 hours a day, featuring sports programs and talk shows. The channel was closed in 2005.
  • There is a line of Boca coffins available for dead fans, as well as the official Boca's cemetery.
  • Boca has its own fleet of taxis operating in Buenos Aires.
  • Another of Boca Juniors' products is the Boca Wine.
  • Carlos Bianchi has been their most successful coach.


Other sports

Basketball

The Boca Juniors basketball team has won the Argentine league three times (1996/97, 2003/04, 2006/07), five Argentine Cups (Copa Argentina 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006), the Argentine Top 4 (2004), and three South American Club Championships (2004, 2005, 2006). It also reached the 2004/2005 national finals (losing to Ben Hur). Their home arena is the Luis Conde Arena, better known as La Bombonerita (small Bombonera).

Team Roster 2009–2010

As of October 9, 2009.
Number Name Position Date of birth Height Nationality
4 Mariano Fierro F 1986 200 cm
6 Gabriel Mikulas F 1980 201 cm
7 Cedric Moodie G 1978 187 cm
8 Nicolás Aguirre G 1988 182 cm
9 Juan Martín Orellano G 1989 192 cm
12 Nelson Ingles G 1975 181 cm
13 Rodrigo Sánchez (Team captain) F 1989 200 cm
16 Leandro Podestá C 1989 206 cm
22 Sebastián Castiñeira F 1978 196 cm
44 Fernando Martina F/C 1981 202 cm
45 Derrick Alston C/F 1972 210 cm


Manager: Pablo D´Angelo

Volleyball

Boca Juniors has a professional volleyball team that won the Metropolitan championship in 1991, 1992 and 1996, and achieved the second place in the 1996/97 A1 season. Because of a lack of sponsors, the team was disbanded, but later it was reincorporated through the coaching of former Boca player Marcelo Gigante; after playing in the second division, it returned to the A1 league in 2005.

Other

Starting 2005, the Argentine Turismo Carretera stock-car competition league spun off the Top Race V6 category, in which teams are sponsored by football teams. Veteran race pilots Ortelli and Bessone and former Boca player Vicente Pernía drive for the Boca team; Ortelli finally won the first Top Race V6 championship for Boca Juniors.

Women Football Titles 8: 1992, 1998, 1999, 2000 (unbeaten), 2001 Apertura, 2002 Clausura, 2003 Apertura, and 2004 Apertura.

In Futsal, Boca has won 4 Championships: 1991, 1992, Clausura 1997, and Apertura 1998.

Boca representatives also compete in other disciplines such as judo, karate, taekwondo, and weight lifting.

References

  1. CONMEBOL Article
  2. RSSSF Copa Libertadores
  3. RSSSF Copa Intercontinental
  4. IFFHS Club World rankings current standings
  5. IFFHS Club World rankings statistics
  6. BBC Sport article
  7. Fan with a Plan article
  8. RSSSF Argentine divisional movements
  9. RSSSF Argentine divisional movements
  10. RSSSF List of Argentine champions and runners up
  11. Solodeportes centenery edition of the shirt
  12. Flags of the World article
  13. Guardian Article
  14. Boca Juniors official website: kits
  15. Boca Juniors official website: crests
  16. Boca Verense site
  17. La Pasion Boca-Boca and their stadiums
  18. RSSSF Argentina 1915
  19. Midfield Dynamo stadium profiles
  20. Independent article
  21. Boca Juniors official website
  22. Tim Vickery Column BBC Football
  23. "Se cae un mito: la hinchada de Boca no suma la mitad más uno del país" - InfoBae
  24. World derbies: Boca Juniors v River Plate - BBC news.
  25. ESPN Deportes statistics
  26. Flags of the World article. The word xeneize is Genoese dialect for the Ligurian word zeneize, which means "Genoese".
  27. Taringa: see comment by senomar1234 23.06.2007 18:44:25
  28. Clarín Article
  29. canaltrans.com article
  30. Russian-Ukrainian fan-site Narod.ru
  31. Bocajuniors.com.ar: Listado de Peñas
  32. BBC Academy, famous football derbies
  33. 50 sporting things you must do before you die
  34. Superclásico - TyC Sports
  35. "Falleció Pedro Pompilio"
  36. "Murió el presidente de Boca, Pedro Pompilio, de una afección cardíaca"
  37. "Ameal, the new president"
  38. Boca Juniors official website:Executive Board
  39. "Boca Juniors' series of 40 matches unbeaten in the Primera División" - RSSSF
  40. "Boca soccer fans' grave devotion" - BBC news
  41. "Loyalty to Boca Juniors now truly cradle to grave" - International Herald Tribune
  42. "Boca taxis sure to be shunned by River fans" - tiscali.news
  43. "Boca fans - in life & death" - TheWorldGame


External links




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