Bogor (Indonesian: Kota
Bogor) is a city in
Java with a population of approximately 800,000 people
in the CBD area and 2,000,000 in suburban area, bringing a total of
3 million population. It was the capital of Indonesia during the British occupation
under Stamford Raffles and was used
as the capital by the Dutch during the
dry season, then known as Buitenzorg (possibly
meaning "beyond worry", but it could also refer to "country side"
(buiten) and "care" (zorg), like in "buitenhuis", meaning country
It has an
area of 21.56 sq km and 833,523 people in 2005, with a density of
38,661 people/sq km, far higher than DKI Jakarta.
For the Hasil Survei Sosial Ekonomi Daerah 2007
866,034 was the population.
palace, a deer park and a botanical
garden in the town centre.
It is known as a major
center for agricultural and forestry research and hosts the
Institut Pertanian Bogor
(Bogor Institute of Agriculture). Bogor is also home to two CGIAR
(Consultative Groups on International Agricultural Research)
research centers, including CIFOR, the Center for
International Forestry Research
and the World Agroforestry Centre
on a main road from Jakarta to Bandung, over the
To the south of
the city are large tea plantations
. During colonial times the Bogor area
developed as a centre for plantations. Apart from the tea (Mount
Mas), there were coffee plantations at nearby Sukabumi and later
vast rubber plantations that stretched from Bogor as far as
Citereup and Bukit Sentul.
The suburban area of Bogor is part of the Bogor Regency
, while the urban is the Bogor
City. Currently Bogor bears the nickname "the Rain City" (Kota
), suggesting that it is very wet and nearly always rains
even during the dry season.
In 450 A.D. Bogor was part of Tarumanegara
, the very first Hindu
kingdom in Java, and the second in Indonesia
after the Kutai
Kingdom in Kalimantan
. The most popular king of Tarumanegara
, who ruled around the
5th century. It was during his reign the kingdom reached its golden
era. The city was then, with the name Pakuan
the capital of Sunda Kingdom
came the founder of the Majapahit
. Bogor was later part of
Kingdom (1482), ruled by
Bogor now houses numerous stone inscriptions
) from both the
and the Sunda Kingdom
. These inscriptions, scattered
throughout the urban, suburban, and rural areas of Bogor, are
written in Sanskrit
The most well-known inscriptions are:
- This is a large boulder found in a streambed upon which
Purnavarman's footprints were engraved
together with his Pallava handwriting. The set of footprints show
to many that Purnavarman was a kind of divine being, or an incarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu. Indeed, the text on the stone compares his
footprints to Vishnu's.
- The boulder has now been removed to a protected location with
metal fences surrounding it, just a few kilometres away from the
river where it was discovered.
- As its name implies, this brown flat stone bears a set of an
elephant's footprints. The elephant is
presumed to be the royal elephant Purnavarman rode on. The text
compares it to the mythical elephant Airawata which belongs to
another Hindu god Indra. This inscription was
discovered not far from Prasasti Ciaruteun.
- This inscription is located in Batutulis area in the urban
Bogor. It is now placed inside a house, across from former
president Sukarno's house. It is actually a
collection of four stones made by Prabu Surawisesa, one of king
Siliwangi's son to honor his father. The first small stone, bearing
Siliwangi's footprints, is placed in front of the second stone
engraved with the impressions of his knees. The third one is a
large, flat, upright brown stone carved with the king's Sanskrit
handwriting. These three stones are arranged in such a way that
they give the impression that the king was actually kneeling down
- The last stone is a strange cylindrical rock that is set beside
the rest of them. Many people say it was Siliwangi's staff,
although it seems impossible since this rock is quite wide in
were brought to
Buitenzorg's botanical gardens in 1883.
Bogor and St.
Louis, Missouri, USA became Sister Cities.
The traditional language of Bogor is Sundanese
. However, many think that
Bogor's Sundanese is harsher and uses much more slang than any
other part of the province. Due to the expansion of Jakarta, more people
from different places and different ethnicities stay in
Indonesian, the official national language, is
becoming more common in the urban area.
The easiest and the most popular means of transportation in Bogor
is the public vans ("angkot", the acronym of angkutan
). They serve certain routes indicated by the combination
of their numbers and their colours, which come in green and blue.
These angkots are run by private owners and the prices are
present in particularly large numbers, especially taxis because
they are relatively expensive. Minibuses
more commonly seen in the city. Meanwhile, the railroads connect Bogor to other big cities in
Java, such as Jakarta (to the
north) and Sukabumi (to the south).
For leisure means, the traditional horse
are available. These are called delman, and they have only two wheels, different
from the four-wheeled andong existing only in the province
of Yogyakarta. Delman in Bogor are not delicately
decorated like their fellows in Jakarta, Bandung, or Yogyakarta.
There are also becak
, a type of
man-pedaled carriages in which the driver pedals at the back and
the passengers' seat facing front with a roof above. A
can only carry two or three people at a time.
can also be used to deliver heavy loads such as
fruits and vegetables around wet markets.
In addition, Bogor is also accessible via Jagorawi Tollway
, which is the earliest
tollway in Indonesia.
- Profil Daerah Jawa Barat
- Bogor's Sundanese is harsher and uses much more
slang in Forum.detik.com