of Frankfurt am
Main was severely bombed by the Allies during World War
Aerial view of the cathedral in May
The city's centre was destroyed by numerous air raids
and about 5,500 residents were killed.
The once famous medieval city centre, then the largest in Germany,
was destroyed. The historic Paulskirche, a site of great historic
significance for Germany, was destroyed during these
On 29 January 1944, the USAAF
Eighth Air Force bombed
Frankfurt during the daylight. It was on that date that Princess Marie Alexandra of
was killed in an air-raid on Frankfurt.
Later in 1944, on 22 March, a Royal Air
attack destroyed the old part of Frankfurt and over 1000
inhabitants died. Additionally, the east port, which was a
significant shipping point for bulk goods with its own rail
connection, suffered major damage.
Ruins of Frankfurt am Main after
Post-war reconstruction took place in a sometimes simple modern
style, thus irrevocably changing the architectural style of
Frankfurt. Only very few landmark buildings have been reconstructed
historically, albeit in a simplified manner.
The collection of historically significant Cairo Genizah
documents of the Municipal
Library was destroyed when the city was bombed. According to
and Genizah scholar S.D. Goitein
even handlists indicating its contents have survived."
Notes and References
Six months prior to Operation Chastise, an earlier and unsuccessful Frankfurt bombing led by Royal Air Force Squadron Leader S. P. Daniels, in which bad weather prevented crews from hearing Daniel's instructions on the standard radio equipment, was the first used of the Master Bomber tactic proposed by Air-Vice Marshal Bennett on 22 December 1942.
- Goitein, S.D. A Mediterranean Soceity: The Jewish
Communities of the Arab World as Portrayed in the Documents of the
Cairo Geniza, Vol. I - Economic Foundations. University of
California Press, 2000, p. 5