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Borehamwood (sometimes referred to as Boreham Wood) is a town in southern Hertfordshiremarker, situated north of Londonmarker. It is part of the borough of Hertsmeremarker within the London commuter belt. As of April 2004, the town had approximately 30,000 residents. There is one weekly newspaper, the Borehamwood and Elstree Times, commonly known as the Borehamwood Times.

History

Up until 1909, the town was part of the ancient parish of Elstreemarker; the two still share a local council, Elstree and Borehamwood Town Council.

From the 1920s onwards, the town became known as one of the main centres of the UK film, and later television, industries due to the presence of production studios.

Following World War II, the town's population greatly increased, with large areas of council housing set up for displaced Londoners, many of which are now in private ownership. Fast train connections to central London have resulted in the town becoming a primarily residential suburb.

Borehamwood is currently undergoing a substantial housing transformation which has seen hundreds of new homes built over the last five years. There are currently two further developments being built and more are expected.

In addition to the studios, the town is also home to many retail shops, offices and light industry.

Transport

On the west side of Borehamwood is a railway station, Elstree & Borehamwood railway stationmarker, served by trains operated by First Capital Connect, (formerly Thameslink). The same railway line is used by Midland Mainline between St Pancras stationmarker and Sheffieldmarker, although these trains do not stop.

The A1 roadmarker passes just to the east of the town, and the M25marker motorway passes about north of it.

Geography

Climate

Borehamwood experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) similar to almost all of the rest of the United Kingdom.

Film industry

Since the 1920s, the town has been home to several film studios and many shots of its streets are included in final cuts of 20th century British films. This earned it the nickname of the "British Hollywoodmarker". Whilst most of these studios have now closed, two still remain.

Many well-known movies including 2001: A Space Odyssey, Moby Dick, The Dam Busters, 633 Squadron, The Shining starring Jack Nicholson, the first three Indiana Jones films and the first three Star Wars movies were partially filmed at the former Associated British Studiosmarker in Shenley Road. These were partly demolished in the 1980s to make way for a Tesco Extra supermarket on one side and an office block complex on the other. The area between the two has been redeveloped to form Elstree Studiosmarker where, more recently, the popular TV series Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? and Big Brother were filmed, as well as several major feature films. The Inspector Morse TV series' production offices were based in the studios and, although the series was supposedly set in Oxfordmarker, several exterior locations (banks, shops etc) were filmed in the streets of Borehamwood.

The former British National Studios off Clarendon Road (which were later owned by Lew Grade's ATV) is now the Elstree Studiosmarker. The studios have, over the years, been home to Alfred Hitchcock's movie Blackmail, Gerry Anderson's TV series UFO and now BBC TV's most popular soap, EastEnders and their popular medical drama Holby City. An episode of Judge John Deed included scenes of the Tesco Extra, but with Borehamwood crossed out and Lewesmarker written in its place. The studio has also been used for Question Time.

Several other studios in the town have been demolished. The MGM-British Studios complex (demolished in the early 1970s) saw the production of many well-known films such as 2001: A Space Odyssey, Where Eagles Dare and Goodbye, Mr. Chips.

Borehamwood itself has seen filming of many series, including the ever popular 'Most Haunted Live' on Halloween, named 'Nightmare on Elstree' although all the buildings investigated were in Borehamwood except the Hollybush Inn, situated in nearby Elstree The McDonalds drive-thru is what was the converted Red Lion pub. This pub used to stand adjacent to the MGM Studios and actors such as Robert Mitchum were often seen drinking in there.

The newer Millennium Studios is situated on Elstree Way, Borehamwood. Also British sitcom The Inbetweeners was filmed in Borehamwood.

Notable companies

Adecco UK Limited has its Head Office based in Borehamwood.

The UK headquarters of Pizza Hut are based within the town and, until 2003, so were the headquarters of the United Kingdommarker subsidiary of T-Mobile, with both being based in the office blocks standing on part of what used to be the old Elstree Studios. Regent Inns has its head office on Elstree Way. NatWest, George Wimpey, Barclays, Bradford & Bingleymarker, DVLA and Alstom also have large offices within the town.

Notable people

  • Lee Hodson, Plays for watford football club, he is on Fifa 10.
  • Jaye Davidson, nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in the movie The Crying Game, grew up here and went to Hillside Comprehensive School (now Yavneh College).
  • Marilyn, early 80s New Romantic singer went to St Teresa's Catholic School
  • Shona McGarty, plays Whitney Dean in EastEnders


Sport and recreation

The first third of the Watling Chase Timberland Trail stretches from Elstree & Borehamwood railway stationmarker up to Shenleymarker.

Borehamwood is home to Boreham Wood F.C., Arsenal Ladies and Watford F.C. Reserves who play their home games at Meadow Park. There are several parks in the area. Aberford Park is featured with the source of the brook which has been artificially been made to look like a lake. Meadow Park includes a large playing field, tennis courts and basketball courts.

Borehamwood has a large shopping area called Borehamwood Shopping Park, featuring large stores such as Marks & Spencer Simply Food, Next, Outfit - which includes Burton, Dorothy Perkins, Evans and Miss Selfridge, WH Smith, Boots, and more recently JD Sports, which takes place of JJB Sports

Schools

Borehamwood has a number of primary and secondary schools including Hertswood Schoolmarker, the Jewish secondary school, Yavneh Collegemarker and Haberdashers' Aske's Boys'marker and Girls'marker schools. Typical of the exemplary post-war work of the Herts County Architect's Department is Cowley Hill Primary School.

Nearby



Twin towns



References by media and the arts

  • Borehamwood is the city upon which one of three maps is based in the game Urban Dead. This map was released as part of the promotional campaign for the release of British writer Charlie Brooker's Dead Set


References

External links




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