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Borough status in the United Kingdom is granted by royal charter to local government districts in Englandmarker, Walesmarker and Northern Irelandmarker. The status is purely honorary, and does not give any additional powers to the council or inhabitants of the district. In Scotlandmarker, similarly chartered communities were known as royal burghs, although the status is no longer granted.

Origins of borough status

Until the local government reforms of 1973 and 1974, boroughs were communities possessing charters of incorporation conferring considerable powers, and were governed by a municipal corporation headed by a mayor. The corporations had been reformed by legislation beginning in 1835 (1840 in Irelandmarker). By the time of their abolition there were three types:

Many of the older boroughs could trace their origin to medieval charters or were boroughs by prescription, with Saxon origins. Most of the boroughs created after 1835 were new industrial, resort or suburban towns that had grown up after the industrial revolution. Borough corporations could also have the status of a city.

For pre-1974 boroughs, see Municipal Corporations Act 1835, Boroughs incorporated in England and Wales 1835 - 1882, Unreformed boroughs in England and Wales 1835 - 1886, Boroughs incorporated in England and Wales 1882 - 1974, Municipal Corporations Act 1840

Modern borough status

England and Wales

Outside Greater Londonmarker, borough status is granted to metropolitan and non-metropolitan districts under the provisions of section 245 of the Local Government Act 1972. This section allows the council of a district to petition the monarch for a charter granting borough status. The resolution must have the support of at least two-thirds of the councillors. Having received the petition the monarch may, on the advice of the Privy Council grant a charter whereupon:
  • The district becomes a borough
  • The district council becomes the borough council
  • The chairman and vice-chairman become entitled to the style mayor and deputy mayor of the borough, except in councils that have an elected mayor under the Local Government Act 2000.


Charters granted under the 1972 Act may allow the borough council to appoint "local officers of dignity" previously appointed by an abolished borough corporation. Examples include:
  • Honorary Recorder: some borough and city councils have the right to appoint a circuit judge or recorder appointed under the Courts Act 1971 as honorary recorder. Usually this is the senior judge in the council's area.
  • Sheriff: These are appointed in a number of boroughs and cities that were formerly counties corporate.


There is no obligation on the council to appoint persons to these positions.

In some boroughs the mayor has the additional title as "Admiral of the Port", recalling an historic jurisdiction. The Lord Mayors of Chester and Kingston-upon-Hull are Admirals of the Dee and the Humber respectively, the Mayor of Medway is Admiral of the River Medway, and the Mayors of Poole and Southampton are Admirals of those ports.

Privileges or rights belonging to citizens or burgesses of a former borough can be transferred to the inhabitants of the new borough.

Borough councils are permitted to pass a resolution admitting "persons of distinction" and persons who have "rendered eminent service" to be an honorary freeman of the borough. This power has been used to grant freedom not only to individuals, but to units and ships of the armed forces.

England

Borough charters granted under section 245 of the Local Government Act 1972 to metropolitan and non-metropolitan districts of England
Name of District Year of Charter Previous Boroughs Notes
Allerdalemarker 1995 Workingtonmarker (1883) Charter trustees for Workington had existed 1974 to 1982
Amber Valleymarker 1988 None  
Ashfordmarker 1974 None  
Barnsley 1974 Barnsleymarker (1869)  
Barrow-in-Furness 1974 Barrow-in-Furnessmarker (1867)  
Basingstoke and Deanemarker 1978 Basingstokemarker (reformed 1835) Basingstoke had charter trustees 1974 - 1978
Bathmarker 1974 (and city status) Bathmarker (reformed 1835) Abolished 1996
Bedfordmarker See North Bedfordshire
Berwick-upon-Tweedmarker 1974 Berwick-upon-Tweed (reformed 1835) Abolished in April 2009. Civic functions transferred to Berwick-upon-Tweed Town Council.
Beverleymarker 1974 Beverleymarker (reformed 1835) Renamed East Yorkshire Borough of Beverleymarker 1981. Abolished 1996.
Birminghammarker 1974 (and city status) Birmingham (1838)  
Blackburn 1974 Blackburnmarker (1851), Darwenmarker (1878) Renamed Blackburn with Darwen 1997
Blackpoolmarker 1974 Blackpool (1876)  
Blyth Valleymarker 1974 Blythmarker (1922) Abolished in April 2009.
Boltonmarker 1974 Boltonmarker (1838)  
Boothferrymarker 1978 Goolemarker (1933) Goole had charter trustees 1974 - 1978. Abolished 1996.
Bostonmarker 1974 Bostonmarker (reformed 1835)  
Bournemouthmarker 1974 Bournemouth (1890)  
Bracknell Forestmarker 1988 None  
Bradfordmarker 1974 (and city status) Bradfordmarker (1847)  
Brentwoodmarker 1993 None  
Brightonmarker 1974 Brighton (1854) Abolished 1997.
Brighton & Hovemarker 1997 Formed from Brighton, Hove districts
Bristolmarker 1974 (and city status) Bristol (reformed 1835)  
Broxbourne 1974 None  
Broxtowemarker 1977 None  
Burnleymarker 1974 Burnleymarker (1861)  
Burymarker 1974 Burymarker (1876)  
Calderdalemarker 1974 Halifaxmarker (1848), Brighousemarker (1893), Todmordenmarker (1896)  
Cambridgemarker 1974 (and city status) Cambridgemarker (reformed 1835)  
Canterburymarker 1974 (and city status) Canterburymarker (reformed 1835)  
Carlislemarker 1974 (and city status) Carlisle (reformed 1835)  
Castle Morpethmarker 1974 Morpethmarker (reformed 1835) Abolished in April 2009.
Castle Point 1992 None  
Charnwoodmarker 1974 Loughboroughmarker (1888)  
Chelmsfordmarker 1975 Chelmsfordmarker (1888) Chelmsford had charter trustees 1974 - 1975
Cheltenhammarker 1974 Cheltenhammarker (1876)  
Cheshire East 2009 Congletonmarker, Crewe and Nantwichmarker, Macclesfieldmarker Created April 2009
Cheshire West and Chestermarker 2009 Chester, Ellesmere Port and Nestonmarker, Vale Royalmarker Created April 2009
Chester 1974 (and city status) Chestermarker (reformed 1835) Abolished April 2009
Chesterfieldmarker 1974 Chesterfieldmarker (reformed 1835)  
Chorleymarker 1974 Chorleymarker (1881)  
Christchurchmarker 1974 Christchurchmarker (reformed 1886)  
Cleethorpesmarker 1975 Cleethorpesmarker (1936) Cleethorpes had charter trustees 1974 - 1975. Borough abolished 1996
Colchestermarker 1974 Colchestermarker (reformed 1835)  
Congletonmarker 1974 Congletonmarker (reformed 1835) Abolished April 2009
Copelandmarker 1974 Whitehavenmarker (1894)  
Corbymarker 1993 None  
Coventrymarker 1974 (and city status) Coventrymarker (reformed 1835)  
Crawleymarker 1976 None  
Crewe and Nantwichmarker 1974 Crewemarker (1877) Abolished April 2009
Dacorummarker 1984 Hemel Hempsteadmarker (1898) Hemel Hempstead had charter trustees 1974 - 1984
Darlington 1974 Darlingtonmarker (1867)  
Dartford 1977 Dartfordmarker (1933) Dartford had charter trustees 1974 - 1977
Derbymarker 1974 (and city status in 1977) Derbymarker (reformed 1835)  
Doncastermarker 1974 Doncastermarker (reformed 1835)  
Dudley 1974 Dudleymarker (1865), Stourbridgemarker (1914), Halesowenmarker (1936)  
Durham 1974 (and city status) Durham and Framwelgatemarker (reformed 1835) Abolished April 2009. Charter Trustees established.
East Staffordshiremarker 1992 Burton upon Trentmarker (1878) Charter trustees for Burton functioned 1974 - 1992.
They were formally abolished in 2003.
East Yorkshiremarker See North Wolds
East Yorkshire Borough of Beverleymarker See Beverley
Eastbournemarker 1974 Eastbournemarker (1883)  
Eastleighmarker 1974 Eastleighmarker (1936)  
Ellesmere Portmarker 1974 Ellesmere Portmarker (1955) renamed Ellesmere Port and Nestonmarker 1976. Abolished April 2009.
Elmbridgemarker 1974 None  
Epsom and Ewellmarker 1974 Epsom and Ewellmarker (1937)  
Erewashmarker 1975 Ilkestonmarker (1887) Ilkeston had charter trustees 1974 - 1975
Exetermarker 1974 (and city status) Exetermarker (reformed 1835)  
Farehammarker 1974 None  
Fyldemarker 1974 Lytham St. Annesmarker (1922)  
Gateshead 1974 Gatesheadmarker (reformed 1835)  
Gedlingmarker 1974 None  
Gillinghammarker 1974 Gillinghammarker (1903) Abolished 1996
Glanfordmarker 1974 None Abolished 1996
Gloucestermarker 1974 (and city status) Gloucestermarker (reformed 1835)  
Gosportmarker 1974 Gosportmarker (1922)  
Graveshammarker 1974 Gravesendmarker (reformed 1835)  
Great Yarmouth 1974 Great Yarmouthmarker (reformed 1835)  
Grimsbymarker 1974 Grimsby (reformed 1835) Renamed Great Grimsby 1979, abolished 1996.
Guildfordmarker 1974 Guildfordmarker (reformed 1835)  
Haltonmarker 1974 Widnesmarker (1892)  
Harrogatemarker 1974 Harrogatemarker (1884)  
Hartlepoolmarker 1974 Hartlepoolmarker formed 1967 from Hartlepoolmarker (1850), West Hartlepoolmarker (1887)  
Hastingsmarker 1974 Hastingsmarker (reformed 1835)  
Havantmarker 1974 None  
Herefordmarker 1974 (and city status) Herefordmarker (reformed 1835) Abolished 1998
Hertsmeremarker 1977 None  
High Peakmarker 1974 Glossopmarker (1866), Buxtonmarker (1917)  
Hinckley and Bosworthmarker 1974 None  
Holderness 1977 Hedonmarker (1861) (formed a town council in 1974) Abolished 1996
Hovemarker 1974 Hovemarker (1898) Abolished 1997
Hyndburnmarker 1974 Accringtonmarker (1878)  
Ipswichmarker 1974 Ipswichmarker (reformed 1835)  
Ketteringmarker 1974 Ketteringmarker (1938)  
King's Lynn and West Norfolk See West Norfolk
Kingston upon Hullmarker 1974 (and city status) Kingston upon Hullmarker (reformed 1835)  
Kingswood 1987 None Abolished 1996
Kirkleesmarker 1974 Dewsburymarker (1862), |Huddersfieldmarker (1868), Batleymarker (1868), Spenboroughmarker (1955)  
Knowsleymarker 1974 None  
Lancastermarker 1974 (and city status) Lancastermarker (reformed 1835)  
Langbaurghmarker 1974 Formed from part of Teessidemarker county borough, created in 1967, and including Redcarmarker (incorporated in 1921) Renamed Langbaurgh on Tees 1988

Renamed Redcar and Cleveland 1996
Leedsmarker 1974 (and city status) Leedsmarker (reformed 1835)  
Leicestermarker 1974 (and city status) Leicestermarker (reformed 1835)  
Lincolnmarker 1974 (and city status) Lincoln, Lincolnshiremarker (reformed 1835)  
Liverpoolmarker 1974 (and city status) Liverpoolmarker (reformed 1835)  
Lutonmarker 1974 Lutonmarker (1876)
Macclesfieldmarker 1974 Macclesfieldmarker (reformed 1835) Abolished April 2009
Maidstonemarker 1974 Maidstonemarker (reformed 1835)  
Manchestermarker 1974 (and city status) Manchestermarker (1838)  
Medinamarker 1974 Newportmarker (reformed 1835), Rydemarker (1868) Abolished 1995
Medway (1) 1974 Rochestermarker (reformed 1835), Chathammarker (1890) Renamed Rochester-upon-Medwaymarker 1979, and awarded city status.

Abolished 1998
Medway (2) 1998 From Rochester upon Medwaymarker, Gillinghammarker boroughs (qv)  
Meltonmarker 1974 None  
Middlesbroughmarker 1974 Formed from part of Teessidemarker county borough, created in 1967, and including Middlesbroughmarker (incorporated in 1853)  
Milton Keynesmarker 1974 None  
Newcastle-under-Lymemarker 1974 Newcastle-under-Lymemarker (reformed 1835)  
Newcastle upon Tynemarker 1974 (and city status) Newcastle upon Tynemarker (reformed 1835)  
Northamptonmarker 1974 Northamptonmarker (reformed 1835)  
North Bedfordshiremarker 1975 Bedfordmarker (reformed 1835) Renamed Bedford 1992
North East Lincolnshiremarker 1996 From Cleethorpesmarker , Great Grimsbymarker boroughs (qv) Both former boroughs formed charter trustees
North Lincolnshiremarker 1998 Formed from Boothferrymarker, Glanfordmarker, and Scunthorpemarker boroughs (qv) Scunthorpe's mayoralty is continued by charter trustees
North Tyneside 1974 Tynemouthmarker (1849), Wallsendmarker (1901)  
North Warwickshiremarker 1974 None  
North Woldsmarker 1974 Bridlingtonmarker (1899) Renamed East Yorkshiremarker 1981.

Abolished 1996
Norwichmarker 1974 (and city status) Norwichmarker (reformed 1835)  
Nottinghammarker 1974 (and city status) Nottinghammarker (reformed 1835)  
Nuneatonmarker 1974 Nuneatonmarker (1907) Renamed Nuneaton and Bedworthmarker 1980
Oadby and Wigstonmarker 1974 None  
Oldhammarker 1974 Oldhammarker (1849)  
Oswestrymarker 1974 Oswestrymarker Rural Borough (reformed 1835) Abolished in April 2009.
Oxfordmarker 1974 (and city status) Oxfordmarker (reformed 1835)  
Pendlemarker 1976 Nelsonmarker (1890), Colnemarker (1895)  
Peterboroughmarker 1974 (and city status) Peterboroughmarker (1874)  
Plymouthmarker 1974 (and city status) Plymouthmarker (reformed 1835)  
Poolemarker 1974 Poolemarker (reformed 1835)  
Portsmouthmarker 1974 (and city status) Portsmouthmarker (reformed 1835)  
Prestonmarker 1974 (granted city status in 2002) Prestonmarker (reformed 1835)  
Readingmarker 1974 Readingmarker (reformed 1835)  
Redcar and Clevelandmarker See Langbaurgh
Redditch 1980 None  
Reigate and Bansteadmarker 1974 Reigatemarker (reformed (1863)  
Restormelmarker 1974 St. Austell with Foweymarker (formed 1968, including Foweymarker 1913) Abolished in April 2009.
Ribble Valley 1974 Clitheroemarker (reformed 1835)  
Rochdalemarker 1974 Rochdalemarker (1856), Heywoodmarker (1881), Middletonmarker (1886)  
Rochester upon Medwaymarker See Medway (1)
Rossendalemarker 1974 Bacupmarker (1882), Haslingdenmarker (1891), Rawtenstallmarker (1891)  
Rotherhammarker 1974 Rotherhammarker, (1871)  
Rugbymarker 1974 Rugbymarker (1932)  
Runnymedemarker 1978 None  
Rushcliffemarker 1974 None  
Rushmoor 1974 Aldershotmarker (1922)  
St Albansmarker 1974 (and city status) St Albansmarker (reformed 1835)  
St Edmundsburymarker 1974 Bury St Edmundsmarker (reformed 1835)  
St Helensmarker 1974 St Helensmarker (1868)  
Salfordmarker 1974 (and city status) Salfordmarker (1844), Ecclesmarker (1892), Swinton and Pendleburymarker (1934)  
Sandwell 1974 West Bromwichmarker (1882), and including since 1966 the former borough of Tiptonmarker (incorporated 1938); Warleymarker (formed 1966, including the boroughs of Smethwickmarker incorporated in 1899, Rowley Regismarker in 1933, and Oldburymarker in 1935)  
Scarboroughmarker 1974 Scarboroughmarker (reformed 1835)  
Scunthorpemarker 1974 Scunthorpemarker (1936) Abolished 1996
Sedgefieldmarker 1996 None Abolished April 2009. Mayoralty continued by Sedgefield Town Council
Sefton 1975 Southportmarker(1866), Bootlemarker (1868), Crosby (1937) All three towns formed charter trustees 1974 - 1975
Sheffieldmarker 1974 (and city status) Sheffieldmarker (1843)  
Shrewsbury and Atchammarker 1974 Shrewsburymarker (reformed 1835) Abolished in April 2009.
Sloughmarker 1974 Sloughmarker (1938)  
Solihullmarker 1974 Solihullmarker (1954)  
Southamptonmarker 1974 (and city status) Southamptonmarker (reformed 1835)  
Southend-on-Seamarker 1974 Southend-on-Seamarker (1892)  
South Ribblemarker 1974 None  
South Tyneside 1974 South Shieldsmarker (1850), Jarrowmarker (1875)  
South Wightmarker 1975 None Abolished 1995
Spelthorne 1974 None  
Stafford 1974 Staffordmarker (reformed 1835)  
Stevenagemarker 1974 None First New Town in england  
Stockportmarker 1974 Stockportmarker (reformed 1835)  
Stockton-on-Teesmarker 1974 Formed from part of Teessidemarker county borough, created in 1967, and including Stockton-on-Teesmarker (reformed 1835) and Thornaby-on-Teesmarker (incorporated in 1892)  
Stoke-on-Trentmarker 1974 (and city status) Stoke on Trentmarker formed 1910, including boroughs of Hanleymarker (incorporated in 1857), Longtonmarker (1865), Burslemmarker (1878), Stoke-upon-Trentmarker (1874).  
Sunderlandmarker 1974 (granted city status in 1992) Sunderlandmarker (reformed 1835)  
Surrey Heathmarker 1974 None  
Swale 1977 Favershammarker (reformed 1835), Queenborough-in-Sheppeymarker (created 1968, including borough of Queenboroughmarker, reformed in 1885) Queenborough-in-Sheppey formed charter trustees 1974 - 1977
Swindon See Thamesdown
Tameside 1974 Ashton-under-Lynemarker (1847), Stalybridgemarker (1857), Hydemarker (1881), Mossleymarker (1885), Dukinfieldmarker (1899)  
Tamworthmarker 1974 Tamworthmarker (reformed 1835)  
Taunton Deane 1975 Tauntonmarker (1885) Taunton had charter trustees 1974 - 1975
Telford and Wrekin 2002 None  
Test Valley 1976 Andovermarker, Romseymarker, both reformed 1835 Andover had charter trustees 1974-1976. Romsey formed a town council.
Tewkesburymarker 1974 Tewkesburymarker (reformed 1835)  
Thamesdown 1974 Swindonmarker (1900) Renamed Swindon 1997
Thurrockmarker 1974 None  
Tonbridge and Mallingmarker 1984 None 
Torbaymarker 1974 County borough of Torbaymarker - created 1968, and including the borough of Torquaymarker incorporated in 1892  
Traffordmarker 1974 Stretfordmarker (1933), Salemarker (1935), Altrinchammarker (1937)  
Tunbridge Wellsmarker 1974 Royal Tunbridge Wellsmarker (1888) Charter trustees for Royal Tunbridge Wells existed from April 1 to December 20, 1974
Vale Royalmarker 1988 None Abolished April 2009
Wakefieldmarker 1974 (and city status) Pontefractmarker (reformed 1835), Wakefieldmarker (1848), Ossettmarker(1890), Castlefordmarker (1955)  
Walsallmarker 1974 Walsallmarker(reformed 1835)
Warringtonmarker 1974 Warringtonmarker (1847)  
Watfordmarker 1974 Watfordmarker (1922)  
Waverley 1984 Godalmingmarker (reformed 1835) Godalming formed a town council in 1974
Wellingboroughmarker 1974 None  
Welwyn Hatfieldmarker 2006 None  
West Devonmarker 1982 Okehamptonmarker (reformed 1885) Okehampton formed a town council in 1974
West Norfolk 1981 King's Lynnmarker (reformed 1835) Renamed King's Lynn and West Norfolk 1981
West Lancashiremarker 2009. None  
Weymouth and Portlandmarker 1974 Weymouth and Melcombe Regismarker (reformed 1835)  
Wiganmarker 1974 Wiganmarker (reformed 1835), Leighmarker (1899)  
Winchestermarker 1974 (and city status) Winchestermarker (reformed 1835)  
Windsor and Maidenheadmarker 1974 (Royal Borough) Windsormarker, Maidenheadmarker, both reformed 1835  
Wirral 1974 Birkenheadmarker (1877), Wallaseymarker (1910), Bebingtonmarker (1937)  
Wokingmarker 1974 none  
Wokingham 2007 None  
Wolverhamptonmarker 1974. Granted city status 2000 Wolverhamptonmarker (1848). Had absorbed the borough of Bilstonmarker in 1967 (incorporated in 1938).  
Worcestermarker 1974 (and city status) Worcestermarker (reformed 1835)  
Worthingmarker 1974 Worthingmarker, 1890  
Wyremarker 1974 Fleetwoodmarker (1933)  
Yorkmarker (1) 1974 (and city status) Yorkmarker (reformed 1835) The District was abolished and replaced with a larger unitary authority in 1996
Yorkmarker (2) 1996 (and city status) Created in 1996. Inherited traditions from the smaller York district.


Greater London is divided into thirty-two London boroughs. Their borough status dates from 1965, although each of them had previously included municipal, county or metropolitan boroughs:
London Borough Previous Boroughs Notes
Barkingmarker Barkingmarker (1931), Dagenham (1938) Renamed Barking and Dagenham 1981
Barnetmarker Hendonmarker (1932), Finchleymarker (1933)
Bexleymarker Bexleymarker (1937), Erithmarker (1938)
Brentmarker Willesdenmarker (1933), Wembleymarker (1937)
Bromleymarker Bromleymarker (1903), Beckenhammarker (1935)
Camdenmarker Hampsteadmarker, Holbornmarker, St Pancrasmarker all created 1900
Croydonmarker Croydon (1883)
Ealingmarker Ealingmarker (1901), Actonmarker (1921), Southallmarker (1936)
Enfieldmarker Southgatemarker (1933), Edmontonmarker (1937), Enfieldmarker (1955)
Greenwichmarker Greenwichmarker, Woolwichmarker both created 1900
Hackneymarker Hackneymarker, Shoreditchmarker, Stoke Newingtonmarker all created 1900
Hammersmithmarker Hammersmithmarker, Fulhammarker both created 1900 Renamed Hammersmith and Fulham 1981
Haringeymarker Hornseymarker (1903), Wood Greenmarker (1933),Tottenhammarker (1934)
Harrowmarker Harrowmarker (1954)
Haveringmarker Romfordmarker (1937)
Hillingdonmarker Uxbridgemarker (1955)
Hounslowmarker Brentford and Chiswickmarker, Municipal Borough of Heston and Isleworthmarker both incorporated in 1932
Islingtonmarker Islingtonmarker, Finsburymarker both created 1900
Kensington and Chelseamarker (Royal Borough) Kensingtonmarker, Chelseamarker both created 1900
Kingston upon Thamesmarker (Royal Borough) Kingston upon Thamesmarker (reformed 1835), Malden and Coombemarker (1936), Surbitonmarker (1936)
Lambethmarker Lambethmarker created 1900
Lewishammarker Lewishammarker, Deptfordmarker both created 1900
Mertonmarker Wimbledonmarker (1905), Mitcham (1934)
Newhammarker West Ham (1886), East Hammarker (1904)
Redbridgemarker Ilfordmarker (1926), Wanstead and Woodfordmarker (1937)
Richmond upon Thamesmarker Richmond (1890), Twickenhammarker (1926), Barnesmarker (1932)
Southwarkmarker Bermondseymarker, Camberwellmarker, Southwarkmarker all created 1900
Suttonmarker Sutton and Cheammarker (1934), Beddington and Wallingtonmarker (1937)
Tower Hamletsmarker Bethnal Greenmarker, Poplarmarker, Stepneymarker all created 1900
Waltham Forestmarker Leytonmarker (1926), Walthamstowmarker (1926), Chingfordmarker (1938)
Wandsworthmarker Batterseamarker, Wandsworthmarker both created 1900
Westminstermarker (and city status) Paddingtonmarker, St Marylebonemarker, Westminstermarker all created 1900


Wales

Borough charters granted under section 245 of the Local Government Act 1972 to Welsh districts
Name of District Year of Charter Previous Boroughs Notes
Aberconwy 1974 Conwaymarker (1885)
Afan 1974 Port Talbotmarker (formed 1921, including borough of Aberavonmarker, reformed 1861) Renamed Port Talbot 1986
Arfon 1974 Caernarvonmarker (reformed 1835), Bangormarker (reformed 1883) Bangor and Caernarfon formed town councils
Blaenau Gwent 1975 None
Brecknock 1974 Breconmarker (reformed 1835) Brecon formed a town council
Cardiffmarker 1974 (and city status) Cardiffmarker (reformed 1835)
Colwyn 1974 Colwyn Baymarker (1934)
Cynon Valley By November 1974 None
Delyn 1974 Flintmarker (reformed 1835) Flint formed a town council
Dinefwrmarker 1974 Llandoverymarker (reformed 1835) Llandovery formed a town council
Islwyn 1974 None
Llanellimarker 1974 Kidwellymarker (reformed 1885), Llanellimarker (1913) Kidwelly and Llanelli formed town councils
Lliw Valley 1974 None
Merthyr Tydfilmarker 1974 Merthyr Tydfilmarker (1905)
Monmouthmarker 1988 Monmouthmarker (reformed 1835), Abergavennymarker (1899) Abergavenny and Monmouth formed town councils
Neathmarker 1974 Neathmarker (reformed 1835) Neath formed a town council
Newport 1974 Newportmarker (reformed 1835)
Ogwrmarker 1974 None
Port Talbot See Afan
Rhonddamarker 1974 Rhonddamarker (1955)
Rhuddlan 1974 None
Swanseamarker 1974 (and city status) Swanseamarker (reformed 1835)
Taff-Ely 1974 None
Torfaen 1974 None
Vale of Glamorganmarker 1974 Cowbridgemarker (1887), Barrymarker (1938) Cowbridge and Barry formed town councils
Wrexham Maelormarker 1974 Wrexhammarker (1857)
Ynys Mon - Isle of Angleseymarker 1974 Beaumarismarker (reformed 1835) Beaumaris formed a town council
The districts created in 1974 were abolished in 1996 by the Local Government Act 1994. The 1994 Act amended section 245 of the Local Government Act 1972, allowing for the new unitary county councils established by the Act to apply for a charter in a similar manner to the old district councils. On receiving a charter a county became a "county borough".

Welsh unitary authorities granted a charter in 1996 bestowing county borough status
Name of County Borough Previous Boroughs Notes
Aberconwy and Colwyn Aberconwy, Colwyn Renamed Conwy 1996
Blaenau Gwent Blaenau Gwent
Bridgend Ogwrmarker
Caerphillly Islwyn
Cardiffmarker Cardiff has the status of a "city and county" by letters patent
Conwy See Aberconwy and Colwyn
Merthyr Tydfilmarker Merthyr Tydfilmarker
Neath and Port Talbot Neathmarker, Port Talbot Renamed Neath Port Talbot 1996
Newportmarker Newport Became "city and county" in 2002
Rhondda Cynon Taff Cynon Valley, Rhonddamarker, Taff-Ely
Swanseamarker Swansea has the status of a "city and county" by letters patent
Torfaen Torfaen
Vale of Glamorganmarker Vale of Glamorganmarker
Wrexham Wrexham Maelormarker


Northern Ireland

Since 1973, Northern Irelandmarker has been divided into twenty-six local government districts. Under the Local Government Act 1972 districts can have borough status either by adopting the charter of a pre-1973 municipal or county borough, or by applying for a charter granting the status.

Northern Ireland Local Government Districts with Borough status
District Charter
Ards 1927 (charter of Newtownardsmarker)
Armagh Has no borough charter, but does have city status granted by letters patent in 1994
Ballymenamarker 1937
Ballymoneymarker 1977
Belfastmarker (City) Charter reformed 1840. City status by letters patent of 1888.
Carrickfergus 1939
Castlereaghmarker 1977
Coleraine 1928
Craigavon 1949 (charter of Lurganmarker)
Larne 1938
Limavady 1989
Lisburn 1964. Granted city status by letters patent in 2002.
Londonderrymarker (City) Charter reformed 1840
City council renamed Derry 1984, name of city remains Londonderry
Newtownabbeymarker 1977
North Down 1927 (charter of Bangormarker)


The number of districts is to be reduced to eleven in 2011. The Local Government Boundaries Commissioner for Northern Ireland, who settled the boundaries and names of the districts has made it clear the new councils will have to make new applications if they wish to become boroughs:
"My remit is restricted to making recommendations as to the names of the new local
government districts and I have no authority over the question of “borough”, or for thatmatter “city”, status. Under section 2 of the Local Government Act (NI) 1972, a council maypetition for the grant of a charter designating the district of the council as a borough."

See also



References

External links



Sources




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