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Boroughbridge was a parliamentary borough in Yorkshiremarker from 1553 until 1832, when it was abolished under the Great Reform Act. Throughout its existence it was represented by two Members of Parliament in the House of Commonsmarker.

The constituency consisted of the market town of Boroughbridgemarker in the parish of Aldboroughmarker (which was also a borough with two MPs of its own). By 1831 it contained only 154 houses, and had a population of 947.

Boroughbridge was a burgage borough, meaning that the right to vote was vested in the tenants of certain specified properties, of which there seem to have been about 65 by the time the borough was abolished. Since these properties could be freely bought and sold, the effective power of election rested with whoever owned the majority of the burgages (who, if necessary, could simply assign the tenancies to reliable placemen shortly before an election). For more than a century before the Reform Act, Boroughbridge was owned by the Dukes of Newcastle, who controlled around fifteen seats across the country; however in the 1790s they sold one of the seats for £4,000 to the banker Thomas Coutts, who used it to put his son-in-law, Francis Burdett, into Parliament.

Members of Parliament

  • Constituency created (1553)


1553-1640



1640-1832

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Ferdinando, Lord Fairfax
November 1640 Sir Philip Stapylton (d. September 1647) Parliamentarian Thomas Mauleverer Parliamentarian
1648 Henry Stapylton
December 1648 Stapylton excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653 Boroughbridge not represented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Colonel Laurence Parsons Robert Stapylton
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump as Thomas Mauleverer had died in the interim
1660 Conyers Darcy Sir Henry Stapylton
1661 Sir Richard Mauleverer, Bt Robert Long
1673 Sir Henry Goodricke, Bt
1675 Sir Michael Warton
March 1679 Sir Thomas Mauleverer, Bt
August 1679 Sir John Brookes, Bt.
1685 Sir Henry Goodricke, Bt
1689 Christopher Vane Whig
1690 Sir Brian Stapylton
1695 Thomas Harrison
1698 Sir Brian Stapylton
1705 John Stapylton Craven Peyton
1708 Sir Brian Stapylton
1713 Edmund Dunch Whig
1715 Thomas Wilkinson Sir Richard Steele Whig
1718 Sir Wilfrid Lawson, Bt
March 1722 Conyers Darcy James Tyrrell
October 1722 Joseph Danvers
1727 George Gregory
1742 William Murray Tory
1746 Earl of Dalkeith
1750 Hon. Lewis Monson Watson
1754 John Fuller
1755 Sir Cecil Bisshopp, Bt
1756 Earl of Euston Whig
1757 Thomas Thoroton
1761 Brice Fisher
1767 James West the younger
1768 Nathaniel Cholmley James West
1772 Major-General Henry Clinton
1774 Anthony Eyre Charles Mellish
1775 Colonel William Phillips
1780 Charles Ambler, KC
1784 Sir Richard Sutton, Bt The Viscount Palmerston
1790 Morris Robinson
1796 Francis Burdett Independent Sir John Scott Tory
1799 Hon. John Scott Tory
1802 Edward Berkeley Portman Whig
January 1806 Viscount Castlereagh Tory
November 1806 Brigadier William Henry Clinton Tory Henry Dawkins Tory
1808 Henry Clinton Tory
1818 Marmaduke Lawson Tory George Mundy Tory
March 1820 Richard Spooner Tory
June 1820 Captain George Mundy, RN Tory Lt Colonel Henry Dawkins Tory
1830 Sir Charles Wetherell Tory Matthias Attwood Tory


  • Constituency abolished (1832)


Elections

Source: The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)

Elections in the 1800s

At the 1802, Edward Berkeley Portman and John Scott were elected unopposed.


At the 1806 and 1807 UK general elections, William Henry Clinton and Henry Dawkins were elected unopposed.


At the Boroughbridge by-election, 1808, Henry Clinton was elected unopposed.


Elections in the 1810s

At the 1812 UK general election, William Henry Clinton and Henry Clinton were elected unopposed.


In the Boroughbridge by-election, 1819, Marmaduke Lawson was elected unopposed.

Elections in the 1820s

Mundy and Dawkins were seated on petition.


At the 1826 UK general election, George Mundy and Henry Dawkins were elected unopposed.


Elections in the 1830s

At the 1831 UK general election, Charles Wetherell and Matthias Attwood were elected unopposed.


Notes



References

  • Robert Beatson, "A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament" (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [395197]
  • Michael Brock, "The Great Reform Act" (London: Hutchinson, 1973)
  • D. Brunton & D. H. Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [395198]
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
  • J Holladay Philbin, "Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales" (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Henry Stooks Smith, "The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847" (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
  • Frederic A Youngs, jr, "Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol II" (London: Royal Historical Society, 1991)



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