Brantford is a city located
on the Grand
River in Southern
is geographically within Brant County
and they are part of the
same census division
Brantford is municipally distinct from it. The city had a
population of 90,192 in the Canada
is connected to Woodstock in the west and Hamilton in the east
by Highway 403 and to Cambridge to the north by Highway 24.
Brantford is sometimes known by the nickname The Telephone
as former city resident Alexander Graham Bell
first distant telephone call from the community to Paris, Ontario
in 1876. It is also the
birthplace of hockey player Wayne
Brant County Courthouse in
The Attawandaron, or Neutral Nation
lived in the Grand River valley area before the 17th century; their
main village and seat of the chief, Kandoucho
, was identified by 19th-century
historians as having been located on the Grand River where
Brantford lies today. This town, like the rest of their
settlements, was destroyed when the Iroquois declared war in 1650
and exterminated the Neutral nation.
Captain Joseph Brant and the Six
Nations Indians left New
York for Canada.
As a reward for their loyalty to
the British Crown
, they were given a
large land grant, referred to as the Haldimand Tract
, on the Grand River.
The original Mohawk settlement was on the south edge of the
present-day city at a location favourable for landing canoes.
Brant's crossing of the river gave the original name to the area:
. By 1847, European settlers began to settle
further up the river at a ford in the Grand
River and named the village Brantford.
, part of the original
Mohawk settlement, is Ontario's oldest Protestant church.
Brantford was incorporated as a city in 1877.
Brantford had a population of 90,192 people in 2006, which was an
increase of 4.4% from the 2001 census count. The median household
income in 2005 for Brantford was $52,330, which is below the
Ontario provincial average of $60,455. Based on the 2006 census,
Brantford had an average property value of $200,319, which is lower
than the Ontario provincial average of $297,479. The median
mortgage payment was $933, while the median for Ontario was $1,046.
The median rent for Brantford in 2006 was $700, while the median
for Ontario was $801.
Brantford was an important Canadian industrial centre for the first
half of the 20th Century, and was once the number three city in
Canada in terms of cash-value of manufactured goods exported. The
city is at the deepest navigable point of the Grand River, and was
once a railroad hub of Southern Ontario. The combination of water
and rails helped Brantford develop from a farming community into a
blue collar industrial city based on the agriculture implement
industry centred around companies such as Massey-Harris, Verity
Plow and the Cockshutt Plow
. This industry, more than any other, provided the
well-paying and steady employment that allowed Brantford to sustain
economic growth through most of the 20th century.
By the 1980s and 1990s, the economy of Brantford was in steady
decline as a result of the bankruptcies of White Farm Equipment
(and its successor, Massey
Combines Corporation), Koering-Waterous, Harding Carpets, and other
manufacturers. The bankruptcies and closures of the businesses left
thousands of people unemployed and created one of the most
economically depressed areas in the country. The unemployment rate,
however, has steadily decreased in more recent years, from almost
14% in 1993 down to 6.3% in 2006. This improved employment picture
led to the rate of personal bankruptcy in Brantford
6.2% in 2006.
completion of the Brantford to Ancaster section of
Highway 403 in 1997, was
intended to provide an increased incentive for business to locate
in Brantford because of easy access to Hamilton and Toronto, as well as
being along the quickest route through southern Ontario between
Detroit and Buffalo.
In 2004 Procter & Gamble
and Ferrero SpA
chose to locate in the city. Though
Wescast Industries, Inc. recently closed their local foundry, their
corporate headquarters will remain in Brantford.
On February 16 2005
Brant, including Brantford, was added to the Greater Golden Horseshoe
along with Haldimand
Statistics from the 2001 Census indicate that 40% of Brantford
residents had not earned a high-school diploma, compared to the
provincial average of 33%.
The average annual income is 9% less than the national
The W. Ross Macdonald School
for blind and
students is located in
Universities and colleges
- Mohawk College, has a satellite campus in Brantford, and offers
programs on Elgin.
Brantford, a campus of Wilfrid Laurier University, offers undergraduate degrees in their downtown
facilities. They include degrees in Contemporary Studies,
Criminology, Leadership, Journalism, and a joint program in
education offered in partnership with Nipissing University.
- Nipissing University, joint program with Wilfrid Laurier.
The Brantford City Council
was elected to a four-year term in November, 2006, and is headed by
. Two councillors were elected to represent each of five
wards. The current councillors are: Jennifer Kinneman and Mark
Littell(Ward 1), Vince Bucci and John Sless (Ward 2), Greg Martin
and Dan McCreary (Ward 3), Richard Carpenter and James Calnan (Ward
4), and John Bradford and Marguerite Ceschi-Smith (Ward 5).
At the federal and provincial levels of government, Brantford is
part of the Brant
, which started printing in 1852, is printed six
times a week (everyday excluding Sunday), is owned by Osprey Media
Brantford's only local television service comes from Rogers TV
(cable 20), a local community channel
on Rogers Cable
. Otherwise, Brantford is served by
stations from Toronto, Hamilton and Kitchener.
Several movies have had scenes shot in Brantford, including
Welcome to Mooseport
and Where the Truth
, which were filmed at the Brantford Airport. An
episode of Due South
, "Dr. Long
Ball", was filmed at Arnold
in Cockshutt Park. A more recent filming was
, which was filmed
downtown in 2006. "Silent Hill
was filmed in the downtown in 2005. Many Brantfordians observed in
jest that very little work needed to be done to make Downtown look
decayed and haunted. Brantford's Sanderson Centre for the
Performing Arts was used as "The New Burbage" mainstage theatre in
the series Slings &
Municipal Airport is located west of the city.
It hosts an
annual air show
, featuring the Snowbirds
. The John C. Munro Hamilton International
Airport in Hamilton is located about 35 km east of
Pearson International Airport is located in Mississauga, about 100 km northeast of
The train station is located just north of downtown Brantford.
has daily passenger trains on the
. Trains travel between Windsor,
Ontario and Union Station in Toronto, Ontario.
services the city with nine regular routes operating on a half-hour
schedule from the downtown Transit Terminal on Darling Street, with
additional school service.
has intercity service to Toronto, Hamilton, London, Windsor,
All Around Transportation
Paris/Brantford shuttle bus.
Entertainment and attractions
Brantford is home to the Brantford
The Sanderson Centre offers nightly performances of musicals,
operas, concerts, and other performing arts. The Kinsmen Club of Brantford
offer many entertaining
throughout the year, including a weekly game which runs every
Plant is an independent, not-for-profit music venue that
has hosted concerts by many musical artists, including Arcade Fire, Wintersleep, Blue
Rodeo, and more.
The week-long Murdered City Music
Festival is held here to showcase independent Canadian music.
Brantford's Canada Day Festival
Brantford hosts the region’s largest Canada
Festival each July 1. A grassroots, not-for-profit,
organization was formed in the fall of 2004 after a call from the
Mayor to re-establish the event when nobody was able to organize
one in 2004. Since then Brantford’s Canada Day Festival has
presented family events and Canadian Juno
winning entertainment. A 2006 and 2009 Shining Stars
Tourism Awards winner and with a budget of nearly $250,000.00, this
one day festival draws an estimated crowd of 35,000 or more
Past main stage headliners have included:
- 2005 – Jeff Healy
- 2005 – Lighthouse
- 2007 – The Trews
- 2008 – Theory of a
- 2009 - Theory of a
Sports teams and tournaments
Local rep teams
- Brantford Red Sox
- Brantford Jr. Braves
- Brantford Posse (minor lacrosse teams)
- Brantford Intercity Soccer (Bics)
- Brantford Saints (hockey team)
- Brantford 99er's (hockey teams)
- Brantford Ice Cats (girls hockey team)
- Brantford Bisons (football team)
- Brantford Red Sox (baseball team)
- Brantford City Soccer Club
- Brantford Briers (basketball team)
- Brantford CYO (basketball team)
- Brantford Aquatic Club
Current intercounty or major teams
- The Wayne Gretzky International Hockey Tournament is held in
- The Walter Gretzky House League Tournament is a tournament that
is held yearly
- Swim International is held annually in November
- Brantford hosted and won the 2008 Allan
Cup, which celebrated the 100th anniversary of the event.
- The Brantford Golf & Country Club was founded in 1879. It
is the fourth oldest golf club in North America. It is ranked 29th
on Score Golf's "Top 100 Golf Courses in Canada" 2006 list.
Brantford is home to many churches and religious temples. It is
estimated there are over 35 churches in Brantford, including
, and Mormon
There are two mosques - a Sunni mosque and a Sufi mosque. There is
also one Sikh
Brantford is twinned
- Reville, F. Douglas. "The History of the County of Brant", vol.
1, pp. 15-20. Brantford: Hurley Printing Company, 1920. 
- Brantford Expositor - City gets a twin