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Brawley City Hall
Brawley (formerly, Braly) is a city in Imperial Countymarker, Californiamarker, United Statesmarker. Brawley is located north of El Centromarker. The population was 22,052 at the 2000 census. The town has a significant cattle and feed industry, and hosts the annual Cattle Call Rodeo. Year-round agriculture is an important economic activity in Brawley. Summer daytime temperatures often exceed .

Geography

Brawley is located at .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.8 square miles (15.1 km²), all land except for the New and Alamo rivers that pass by the town. Brawley's elevation (like other Imperial Valley towns) is below sea level.

History

The Imperial Land Company laid out the town in 1902 and named it Braly in honor of J.H. Braly, who owned the land. After Braly refused to permit the use his name, the name was changed to Brawley. The first post office at Brawley opened in 1903.

Incorporated in 1908, it was a "tent city" of only 100 persons involved in railroads and the earliest introduction of agriculture. It had a population of 11,922 in 1950, but population growth was slow from the 1960s to the early 1990s.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 22,052 people, 6,631 households, and 5,265 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,783.0 people per square mile (1,460.4/km²). There were 7,038 housing units at an average density of 1,207.4/sq mi (466.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.78% White, 2.45% Black or African American, 1.11% Native American, 1.31% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 37.86% from other races, and 4.32% from two or more races. 73.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Brawley's octagonal Post Office
There were 6,631 households out of which 48.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.6% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.28 and the average family size was 3.71.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.5% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,277, and the median income for a family was $35,514. Males had a median income of $34,617 versus $25,064 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,881. About 22.5% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.0% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.

The majority of Brawley's residents today are of Mexican and Latino origins; the town contained white, East Indian, Chinese, Filipino and African American sections in the 20th century.

Schools

Theater
High-school age students in both Brawley and neighboring Westmorlandmarker use the Brawley Union High School District, while kids from kindergarten through eighth grade use the Brawley Elementary School District.

Public Safety

Brawley maintains its own police and fire departments.

Politics

In the state legislature Brawley is located in the 40th Senate District, represented by Democrat Denise Moreno Ducheny, and in the 80th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Manuel Perez. Federally, Brawley is located in California's 51st congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +7 and is represented by Democrat Bob Filner.

Notable people



References



External links




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