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This article is about the 1981 television serial. For the novel on which it was based, see Brideshead Revisited. For the 2008 feature film, see Brideshead Revisted.


Brideshead Revisited is a 1981 British television serial. The teleplay by John Mortimer is based on the novel of the same name by Evelyn Waugh. The bulk of the serial was directed by Charles Sturridge, with several sequences filmed by Michael Lindsay-Hogg.

Broadcast in eleven episodes, the serial premiered on ITV in the UK on 12 October 1981, on CBC in Canada on 19 October 1981, and as part of the Great Performances series on PBS in the United States on 18 January 1982.

In 2000, the serial placed tenth on a list of the 100 Greatest British Television Programmes compiled by the British Film Institute, based on a poll of industry professionals.

Episodes

Episode 1: Et in Arcadia Ego (Original UK airdate 12 October 1981; 100 minutes)

In the spring of 1944, disillusioned Army captain Charles Ryder is moving his company to a new Brigade Headquarters at a secret location he discovers is Brideshead, once home to the Marchmain family and the scene of both pleasant and anguished visits for the younger Charles. Seeing the house for the first time in many years prompts a recollection of his first meeting with Lord Sebastian Flyte, the Marchmain's younger son, at Oxford Universitymarker in 1922. The two young men quickly bond and, although his cousin warns him to avoid Sebastian and his inner circle of friends, Charles is fascinated by them, particularly flamboyantly foppish Anthony Blanche. Short on funds, Charles finds himself fitfully spending the summer holidays in London with his indifferent and rigid father Edward until an urgent message from Sebastian sends him to Brideshead, where Charles is introduced to a world of wealth and privilege dominated by an almost pathological devotion to Catholicism.

Episode 2: Home and Abroad (Original UK airdate 20 October 1981; 53 minutes)

At Brideshead, Charles is introduced to Sebastian's younger sisters Julia and Cordelia and his older brother Bridey. The two young men decide to accept an invitation to Venicemarker extended by Sebastian's father, Lord Marchmain, who lives there with his mistress Cara.

Episode 3: The Bleak Light of Day (Original UK airdate 27 October 1981; 53 minutes)

Back at Oxford, Sebastian learns his mother has arranged for him to be tutored - and carefully supervised - by Mr. Samgrass. Lady Marchmain visits the university and implores Charles to be a good influence on her rowdy son. Invited to a charity ball in London by Julia, Charles and Sebastian escape to a seedy gentlemen's club in Sohomarker. After a drunken Sebastian crashes their car, the political and social power of ambitious MP Rex Mottram and Mr. Samgrass result in Sebastian being let off with only a fine.

Episode 4: Sebastian Against the World (Original UK airdate 3 November 1981; 53 minutes)

Sebastian's rapid descent into alcoholism leads him into constant trouble, despite the ever-watchful eye of Mr. Samgrass. During Easter holiday at Brideshead, Charles tries to reason with a constantly inebriated Sebastian, who accuses him being a spy for Lady Marchmain. Sebastian's failure to reform leads to his dismissal from Oxford, and a bereft Charles returns to London to ask his father permission to leave the university in order to study art abroad.

Episode 5: A Blow Upon a Bruise (Original UK airdate 10 November 1981; 51 minutes)

Charles returns from his art studies in Parismarker and journeys to Brideshead for the 1925 New Year's celebration. Sebastian has returned from an excursion to the Levant with Mr. Samgrass, but photographs of the holiday and comments made by the two clearly indicate Sebastian frequently went off on his own to satisfy his hedonistic needs. Sebastian agrees to participate in a hunt but, knowing he plans to make an early escape to a pub, he asks Charles for money and his friend acquiesces. When Sebastian returns home heavily inebriated at the end of the day, a distressed Lady Marchmain questions Charles. Learning he financed Sebastian's drinking binge, she rebukes him for enabling him, and Charles leaves Brideshead, fully expecting never to return.

Episode 6: Julia (Original UK airdate 17 November 1981; 51 minutes)

Charles returns to Paris, where he is visited by Rex Mottram, who is searching for Sebastian and the money he stole before he disappeared. Rex discusses the financial woes of the Marchmain family and announces he intends to marry Julia nonetheless. Lady Marchmain reluctantly consents to the marriage as long as Rex converts to Catholicism, a condition he is willing to accept. But when Bridey learns Rex has a former wife who is living, a situation the Church will not abide, he cancels the wedding, and a defiant Julia marries Rex in a Protestant ceremony her family, with the exception of Cordelia, refuses to attend.

Episode 7: The Unseen Hook (Original UK airdate 24 November 1981; 51 minutes)

In May 1926, Charles returns to England to volunteer his services during the General Strike. While delivering milk in the East Endmarker, he encounters Boy Mulcaster, who tells him Sebastian is living in Fezmarker. Julia tells Charles her dying mother is anxious to make amends with her prodigal son, and he agrees to go to Moroccomarker and bring him home. He discovers Sebastian, who has been living with a disabled deserter from the German Army, is a chronic alcoholic and has been hospitalized with pneumonia. He finds his friend emaciated and dissipated, unwilling to follow doctor's orders, and disinclined to leave Kurt alone. Before Charles departs Morocco, he learns Lady Marchmain has died.

Episode 8: Brideshead Deserted (Original UK airdate 1 December 1981; 52 minutes)

Bridey commissions Charles to paint four scenes of Marchmain House in London, which has been sold in order to rectify the family's financial difficulties, before it is demolished to make way for a block of flats. He is reunited with Cordelia, who regrets the ongoing dissolution of her family but assures Charles she continues to find strength in her undying faith. Charles spends two years in Mexicomarker and Central America painting the local architecture, then has an awkward reunion with his wife Celia in New York Citymarker before the two sail home. On board ship, the two discover Julia is a fellow passenger.

Episode 9: Orphans of the Storm (Original UK airdate 8 December 1981; 53 minutes)

Celia is bedridden with chronic seasickness prompted by extremely rough seas, leaving Charles and Julia to become reacquainted, and the two become lovers before reaching Southamptonmarker. Back in London, at an exhibition of her husband's latest artwork, Celia implies she knows about his affair with Julia. Anthony Blanche arrives at the gallery late and invites Charles to join him for a drink in a seedy gay bar, where he viciously criticizes his talent and paintings. Charles and Julia depart for Brideshead, where Rex is awaiting his wife.

Episode 10: A Twitch Upon the Thread (Original UK airdate 15 December 1981; 52 minutes)

Lovers for two years, Charles and Julia plan to divorce their respective spouses and marry each other. When Bridey announces his engagement, Julia suggests he invite his fiancée to Brideshead, but he refuses to allow a highly moral and staunchly Catholic woman to associate with the adulterous couple, and his comments stir feelings of guilt in his sister. Cordelia returns from ministering to the wounded in the Spanish Civil War with disturbing news about Sebastian's nomadic existence and steady decline over the past few years.

Episode 11: Brideshead Revisited (Original UK airdate 22 December 1981; 90 minutes)

In 1939, World War II is imminent. After years of self-imposed exile in Venice, Lord Marchmain decides to return home. Appalled by Bridey's choice of a wife, he announces he plans to leave Brideshead to Julia and Charles. When Bridey brings a priest to visit his father, Lord Marchmain is enraged and sends him away, then meets with his lawyers to change his will. On his deathbead, he reclaims Catholicism and Julia, more certain of the power of faith than ever before, tells Charles she needs God more than him and sends him away. Returning to Brideshead in 1944, Charles visits the chapel and finds the sanctuary lamp is still burning.

Production

The television adaptation of Evelyn Waugh's novel originally was conceived as a six-hour serial. In the summer of 1979, Michael Lindsay-Hogg began principal photography on the island of Gozomarker, where the sequences set in Morocco, Mexico, and Central America were filmed. Shortly after the cast and crew returned to England, a technician's strike brought all ITV production to a halt. By the time it was settled four months later, Lindsay-Hogg no longer was available due to a prior commitment to another project.

Lindsay-Hogg was replaced by relative novice Charles Sturridge, whose previous experience had been limited to directing episodes of Strangers and Crown Court. Cast contracts had to be renegotiated to take into account the extended filming period. Jeremy Irons, who was planning to audition for The French Lieutenant's Woman, stipulated he would remain with Brideshead under condition he would be allowed time off to film French Lieutenant if he were cast. Rather than scrap the considerable completed footage in which the actor appeared, producer Derek Granger agreed.

The break in filming was fortuitous in that Castle Howardmarker and Laurence Olivier, both previously unavailable, now could be utilized in the serial. Sturridge and Granger agreed the six-hour script eliminated enough detail of Waugh's story that its potency was compromised, and they set about expanding it to seven two-hour episodes. It was at this point that it was decided to have Charles Ryder narrate the serial as he had the novel. Olivier's tight schedule required he start immediately, but his scenes had not been written yet, and Sturridge and Granger hurried to complete them so the actor would have at least a week to learn his dialogue. Mona Washbourne was less fortunate and received her script the day she arrived on the set to begin filming.

Shooting resumed on 5 November 1979. The week was divided into five days of filming and two days of writing. Sturridge and Granger were anxious to complete the teleplay as soon as possible, and by the time the ten-day break for Christmas ended, the script was finished. Granada Television had approved a larger budget for the extended format, and Sturridge scheduled the shooting of sequences in Venice, London, and on board the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2. Everything was going according to plan, and then Irons was cast in French Lieutenant. Since his character is in nearly every scene of the serial, Sturridge was forced to place Brideshead on a lengthy hiatus. During this period, he edited completed scenes and continued to hone the script, although ultimately John Mortimer received sole screen credit for it. Filming resumed in September 1980. Because French Lieutenant had fallen behind schedule, Irons was forced to work on both projects simultaneously.

The Oxford scenes were filmed largely at Waugh's alma mater, Hertford Collegemarker, and the rooms Charles occupies in the film were those in which Waugh lived after his second term. Portions of Wadham Collegemarker and Christ Churchmarker also were utilized. Most of the grounds, all the major public rooms, and several rooms in the private wings of Castle Howard represented Brideshead. Bridgewater Housemarker in Westminstermarker was used for the exterior of the Marchmain House, and its interiors were filmed in Tatton Hallmarker. Rex and Julia's wedding was filmed in the chapel at Lyme Parkmarker. Venice locations included the Basilica di Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frarimarker, the Scuola di San Roccomarker, and the Palazzi Barbaro. The ocean liner deck scenes were filmed on the QE2 during an actual storm, but the ship's interiors were either sets or public rooms in the Adelphi Hotelmarker in Liverpoolmarker and the Park Lane Hotelmarker in London.

The riot in the General Strike sequence was the last scene to be filmed, and principal photography was completed in January 1981 after forty-two weeks of filming. Post-production was scheduled for the next seven months. Early into the period, ITV decided two-hour episodes were too lengthy, and Sturridge was forced to restructure the entire serial, beginning and ending it with expanded episodes that would bookend nine episodes running slightly less than an hour each.

Principal cast



Awards and nominations

The serial was nominated for thirteen BAFTA Awards, eleven Emmy Awards, and three Golden Globe Awards. It won the Broadcasting Press Guild Award for Best Drama Serial.

BAFTA Award wins
  • Best Drama Series/Serial
  • Best Actor - Anthony Andrews
  • Best Costume Design - Jane Robinson
  • Best Scenic Design - Peter Phillips
  • Best Film Editor - Anthony Ham
  • Best Film Sound - Phil Smith and John Whitworth
  • Best Make Up - Deborah Tinsey and Ruth Quinn
BAFTA Award nominations
  • Best Actor - Jeremy Irons; John Gielgud
  • Best Actress - Claire Bloom; Diana Quick
  • Best Film Cameraman - Ray Goode
  • Best Original Television Music - Geoffrey Burgon


Emmy Award win
  • Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Limited Series or a Special - Laurence Olivier
Emmy Award nominations
  • Outstanding Limited Series
  • Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or a Special - Anthony Andrews; Jeremy Irons
  • Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Limited Series or a Special - John Gielgud
  • Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or a Special - Claire Bloom
  • Outstanding Directing in a Limited Series or a Special - Charles Sturridge and Michael Lindsay-Hogg
  • Outstanding Writing in a Limited Series or a Special - John Mortimer
  • Outstanding Art Direction for a Limited Series or a Special - Peter Phillips
  • Outstanding Costume Design for a Regular or Limited Series - Jane Robinson
  • Outstanding Individual Achievement in Graphic Design and Title Sequences - Valerie Pye


Golden Globe Award wins
  • Best Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for TV
  • Best Performance by an Actor in a Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for TV - Anthony Andrews
Golden Globe Award nomination
  • Best Performance by an Actor in a Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for TV - Jeremy Irons


References

  1. Sturridge, Charles, The Making of Brideshead: A Note from the Director. Included in A Companion Guide to Brideshead Revisited in the Acorn Media DVD released 25 June 2002
  2. Filming Locations. Included in A Companion Guide to Brideshead Revisited in the Acorn Media DVD released 25 June 2002


External links




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