Bridgeport is a city in
County, Texas, United States.
The population was 4,309 at the 2000
Bridgeport is located at (33.209844, -97.760908) .
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of
3.7 square miles (9.7 kmÂ²), of which, 3.7 square
miles (9.6 kmÂ²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles
(0.1 kmÂ²) of it (0.54%) is water.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 4,309
people, 1,383 households, and 1,023 families residing in the city.
The population density
1,161.9 people per square mile (448.4/kmÂ²). There were 1,515
housing units at an average density of 408.5/sq mi
(157.7/kmÂ²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.95% White
, 2.65% African American
, 0.05% Pacific Islander
, 14.67% from
, and 2.14%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 28.20% of the
There were 1,383 households out of which 42.4% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples
living together, 11.2% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families.
23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.40.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age
of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to
64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
32 years. For every 100 females there were 85.5 males. For every
100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,016, and the
median income for a family was $36,742. Males had a median income
of $31,044 versus $22,204 for females. The per capita income
for the city was
$13,335. About 12.8% of families and 16.6% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 22.2%
of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.
Bridgeport's history began in February 1860 when William H.
granted a charter from the West Fork Bridge Company to build a
bridge across the West Fork of the Trinity River.
The bridge was located approximately one
mile southwest of the present townsite. A Texas State Historical
Marker alongside Farm To Market Road 920 denotes the spot of the
original bridge today .
The wooden bridge was used for a portion of the Butterfield Overland Mail
route. After the American Civil
began, the mail route was no longer used and the original
wooden bridge was abandoned.
In 1873 a new iron bridge was built and a post office established,
thus formally creating the city of Bridgeport, TX. Its future was
assured in 1882 when Charles Cates discovered a vein of bituminous coal
while drilling for water.
The Wise County Coal Company was formed and was a leading producer
of coal for the state until competition from natural gas and
petroleum closed the coal mines in 1929.
In 1893 the Rock Island
established a line east of the town, so the town moved
approximately one mile east to its present site. In 1913 the town
was incorporated. Gas and Oil production became a local industry
prior to 1917. The 1920s census showed a town of 1,872. During the
1920s, limestone quarries that produced aggregate for road
construction and a brick factory were established. In 1931, a dam
was constructed approximately three miles west of town on the West
Fork of the Trinity River, creating Lake Bridgeport. The lake was a
local center for recreation and remains so today.
During the latter half of the 20th century, Bridgeport's oil, gas,
and limestone indurstries continued to flourish and the town became
the second largest town in Wise County. These industries continue
to be the local economic leaders.
For almost 200 years, Bridgeport was served by the Bridgeport
National Bank. The bank was purchased in the late 1900s by primary
investors Billie C. Green, W.W. "Wilson" Ray, and M.L.
Manoushagian. It, however, was sold
in December 2005 to First Financial
Bankcards (stock symbol FFIN
) based in Abilene and became part of a
six branch bank
consisting of institutions in
Bridgeport, Boyd, Decatur, Keller, and Trophy Club.
Kyle Clifton, formerly of the NFL New York Jets, graduated from Bridgeport High
School in 1980 after having been born in Olney, Texas. Although he played linebacker at Texas Christian
University and then the Jets, Clifton played quarterback for
the Bridgeport Bulls his junior and senior years leading the Bulls
to a 9-1 record in the former (losing only to Bowie at
He was a third round draft pick of the Jets and
played with the team his entire career which lasted thirteen
seasons from 1984-1996.
Handbook of Texas Online
s.v. "BRIDGEPORT, TX,"
(accessed January 17, 2006).