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Brigham City redirects here; for uses other than this city in Utah see Brigham City .
Brigham City is a city in Box Elder Countymarker, Utahmarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 17,412 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Box Elder Countymarker . It lies on the western slope of the Wellsville Mountainsmarker, a branch of the Wasatch Range at the western terminus of Box Elder Canyon. Brigham City saw most of its growth during the 1950s and 1960s, but has seen a struggling economy and stagnating growth since then. It is currently the headquarters of ATK Thiokol, the company that created the solid rocket booster for the Space Shuttle.

Brigham City is known for its peaches and holds an annual celebration called Peach Days on the weekend after Labor Day. Much of Main Street is closed off to cars and the festival is celebrated by a parade, a car show, a carnival, and other activities. It was recently announced by the LDS president Thomas S. Monson that Brigham City would soon receive a temple.

History

Mormon pioneer William Davis first explored the Brigham City area in 1850. He returned with his family and others a year later to create permanent homes. Brigham Young directed Lorenzo Snow to create a self-sufficient city at the site in 1853. Snow directed both religious and political affairs in the settlement, eventually naming it Box Elder in 1855. Brigham Young gave his last public sermon there in 1877 shortly before his death and the name of the town was changed to Brigham City after the church president. In 1864, the cooperative movement began in earnest with the creation of a mercantile co-op store. Other industries were added, and the Brigham City Co-op is widely recognized as the most successful of the Mormon Co-op ventures. Economic hardships brought an end to the Co-op in 1895, though the Co-op had first started selling businesses off in 1876.

World War II brought a major economic boost to the city. The federal government created Bushnell General Hospital on Brigham City's south side to treat soldiers wounded in the war. Locals sold supplies and food to the hospital while hospital staff patronized local businesses. After the war, the hospital's buildings were used as Intermountain Indian School. Many young Native Americans attended the boarding school until it closed in 1984, although the Intermountain "I" on the mountain is still visible in tandem with Box Elder High School's "B". The facility has left its mark in a number of other ways, with most of the buildings still standing. Some have been converted into businesses and condos, while others remain empty.

Despite layoffs over the past decade, much of Brigham City's economy relies on Thiokol, the creator of many missiles, as well as the solid rocket booster for the Space Shuttle. Additionally, the local Autoliv (formerly a part of Thiokol) airbag plants also net Brigham City many jobs. The addition of a WalMartmarker distribution center in nearby Corinnemarker has also brought new jobs.

Geography

Brigham City is located at (41.510192, -112.015011) .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.3 square miles (37.1 km²), of which, 14.3 square miles (37.1 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.14%) is water. It lies at an elevation of 4,315 feet (1,315 m).

Brigham City lies on the western slopes of the Wellsville Mountainsmarker, a branch of the Wasatch Range, at the western end of Box Elder Canyon. Brigham City is generally considered to be the northern end of the Wasatch Front. To the west is a large, flat region of desert scrub, eventually giving way to marshlands on the edge of the Great Salt Lakemarker. Interstates 15 and 84 pass to the west of the city together. U.S. 89 approaches from the south and U.S. 91 comes from I-15/84 to the west. They intersect in the city, climbing through Box Elder Canyon together. Two routes of the Utah Transit Authority's bus system also provide access to Brigham City from Ogdenmarker, and it also has a Greyhound bus stop. It is planned to be the northern terminus of the FrontRunner commuter rail line by 2020.

The climate of Brigham City is generally the same as that of the rest of the Wasatch Front. Snow is heavy in winter with an annual average of 50.0 inches (127 cm), although it is too far north to receive lake-effect snow. Precipitation is light, averaging 18.46 inches (469mm) annually. Summers are hot, but humidity remains low and overnight temperatures are cool, and winters are cold (but rarely frigid). April is the wettest month, while July is the driest.[20427]

Sites of interest

There is an LDS tabernacle in downtown Brigham City. The city is also located in a prime historical and environmental region. Nearby attractions include Golden Spike National Historic Sitemarker, which lies northwest of the city near Promontory Summitmarker. State Route 13 heads northwest from Brigham City and turns north at Corinnemarker. However, State Route 83 continues west from there and eventually reaches Lampo Junction, where the turnoff to the historic site is located. The work of art known as the Spiral Jettymarker lies west-southwest of this site. The Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge lies directly west of Brigham City on the northeast side of the Great Salt Lakemarker at the mouth of the Bear River.

Popular culture

Brigham City was the namesake of American movie director, producer, writer, and actor Richard Dutcher's 2001 film Brigham City about murder in a fictitious small Mormon town, although it is not actually about the real Brigham City. Due to geography and population, the movie was actually filmed in Mapleton, Utahmarker.[20428]

Movies that have scenes filmed in Brigham City include The Work and the Story, Species, and Clay Pigeons. [20429]

The company Smith's Food and Drug was started in Brigham City.

The company Flying J was started in Brigham City and operated there as one of the largest privately held companies until a few years ago when it relocated its headquarters to the local city of Ogden, Utahmarker.

The prophet Brigham Young, for whom Brigham City is named, gave his final public address in the city. The place where he gave his address is called Pioneer Park and is the location of the municipal swimming pool and several baseball diamonds, as well as being the location of the city's annual Fourth of July fireworks display.

The LDS prophet Lorenzo Snow is buried in the Brigham City cemetery. In October 2009 it was announced that the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints will be building a Temple in Brigham City, which will be Utah's 14th Temple.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 17,411 people, 5,526 households, and 4,409 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,216.4 people per square mile (469.8/km²). There were 5,838 housing units at an average density of 407.9/sq mi (157.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.26% White, 0.24% African American, 1.63% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 4.07% from other races, and 1.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.67% of the population.

There were 5,526 households out of which 44.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.4% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.2% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.53.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.2% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,335, and the median income for a family was $46,891. Males had a median income of $39,271 versus $22,061 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,503. About 7.3% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.7% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Brigham City is part of the Box Elder School District. The city has one high school, one middle school, one intermediate school, and five elementary schools.



Notable residents



See also



References



External links




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